Magi — Old Slavic Vedic priests, a special class of people, who enjoyed great influence in antiquity. These were the wise men, whose strength lies in knowing their secrets, passed down from generation to generation, requiring long-term special exercise and therefore not available to ordinary people. Therefore, the community of the Magi was the ancient peoples kind of "all the then Academy of Sciences", including the science of managing people.
The Slavic word "magi" (Other writing "Volsvy") Has a value of "priests of Veles", the most revered god of the Slavs livestock. Celtic equivalent of the word "magician" — "druid".
There is a clear hierarchy of the Magi (Druids) the degree of knowledge, which rose gradually with training. The Magi could represent different degrees of "wisdom" — from the simple to the really ignorant quackery science. Not every modern man, even with higher education, can independently determine exactly a year, the solstices and equinoxes, and "qualified" Magi copes with this task, as these days have been the most sacred Slavic holidays and they built a solar calendar of the Magi / druids.
In the Slavic pagan society Magi stood out as a special group, relating to the conduct of religious ceremonies, soothsaying, fortune telling, the ability of the runic records, account ownership and skillful practice of medicine.
Divination — Is synonymous with witchcraft, divination. Magus was simultaneously a prophet knowledgeable stargazers, shaman, regular weather forecaster, a connoisseur when and what to sow, when and how to extract and preserve the gifts of nature, skilled healer and wise compiler potions sophisticated psychologist and expert in the management of human communities.
In the hierarchy of ancient Slavic magi traditionally occupied a high place near the governor. ("The Wise Men are not afraid of the mighty rulers" — Alexander Pushkin.) And after the adoption of Christianity princes often come to the wise men of the predictions, guidance in difficult circumstances, and spiritual help.
Magi worshiped the repository of wisdom and bearers of Rod and Universal Mind (ie nature).
Arkona city was built on a high rocky shore of the island of Rügen and from the Baltic Sea was unapproachable. The town has many temples all tribal Slavic gods.
Arkona was the chief god of light, whose statue was installed in a special temple. Svetovita statue was taller than a man, with four heads in four separate necks with cropped hair and beard cut off. Four heads symbolized the power of God over the four cardinal directions and the four seasons of time, that is defined as a cosmic god Svetovita space-time (like a god, and the two-faced Roman Janus, looking both to the past and the future).
In his right hand held light-horn inlaid different metals and annually filled with wine, his left arm was bent dugoyu and rested against the side. Horn symbolized the power of God over the yield and fertility, that is, as the god of life and power plant. The statue is located near the bridle, saddle and a huge battle sword and shield (the symbols of the god of war).
The temple stood Svetovita sacred banner, called "Artand?ary. " This hundred? Nitsu wound honored as the most Svetovita, and carrying it in front of a campaign or battle, considered themselves under the cover of his god.
When the temple was kept sacred horse Svetovita, white suit with long, never mow mane and tail. Only one priest Svetovita could feed and get on the horse, which runs on the belief he fought lightsaber against his enemies.
After the harvest in Akron came together and brought a lot of people a lot of wine for the victims and feast. This happened in September, is called in the Old Slavonic Ryuen where the second name of the island — Ruyan (later in Russian fairy tales island name "Ruyan" became "Desperado," which was more convenient for the children's pronunciation). On the eve of the holiday Svetovita priest with a broom in his hand entered into the inner sanctuary, and, holding his breath, so as not to pollute the deity clean Vimetal floor. Broom and sweeping symbolically signify the end of the cycle time, in this case, annual, for the next day held a guessing on the cake, similar to the East Slavic Christmas carols. Ranskie priests used the September vremyaischisleniya style (year starting from the autumn equinox).
The next day, in the presence of all the people from the hands of the priest took out the idol Svetovita horn with wine and carefully examined it, predicted to be or not to be for the next crop year. Pouring old wine at the feet of the idol, the priest's horn filled with new wine and drained it in one gulp, asking myself and all the best to the people. Then he poured the horn again and put the new wine of his idol's hand. After that brought the idol of sweet dough pie higher than a man. Priest was hiding behind the cake and ask the people whether it is seen. When told that the only visible pie, the priest asks God to, and the next year they could make the same cake.
After the adoption of Christianity in the magicians fearlessly fought for the independence of the Slavs and became a party of many revolts against the oppressors Varangian (Viking), Kievan prince supported opposition forces.
The wise men came closer to family Brjachislav Izyaslavich Polotsk prince who fought against Yaroslav the Wise. Yaroslav the Wise, known for the destruction of the temple of Veles on the future site of Yaroslavl (c. 1010) and the suppression of the uprising in Rostov land at the head of the Magi in 1024.
Son Brjachislav — Vseslav Polotsk — was born "from volhovaniya" wore around his neck "shirt" (veil), in which he was born, which is why, according to the chronicler, he was a "disgrace to the bloodshed." "Lay" is attributed to Prince skills Magi: lycanthropy, divination and witchcraft. Along with the unsuccessful struggle Vseslav Polotsk for Novgorod and Kiev Rus rolled several uprisings led the Magi (c. 1071) in Novgorod (suppressed Gleb), near Yaroslavl and Beloozero (suppressed Jan Vyshatich) inciting to disobedience Varangians the prince and the magician turned up in Kiev, but disappeared in one night.
Magi lost nearly century struggle against alien Vikings for the freedom and independence of the Slavs.
Latest real magicians mentioned in XIII-XIV centuries. in Novgorod and Pskov. By this time paganism in Russia was virtually eliminated. Together with the wise men of old have disappeared runic writing, their knowledge. Virtually all of the runic writing, including historical records were destroyed by Christians. The original written history of the Slavs to VIII century was unknown. Archaeologists sometimes find only isolated fragments of inscriptions on the stones destroyed pagan temples and pottery shards.
Later called "wise men" in Russia is understood only various folk healers, heretics and the latter-day warlocks.