Maritime Troy

This archaeological discovery will amend the story just four states — Russia, the Republic of Korea, North Korea and China. Excavation at a plateau of the Sikhote-Alin, the settlement Koksharovka-1, near the eponymous village in Chuguyivske district of Primorye, helped discover the ruins of the capital of Bohai fifth — the first public education antiquity in the Far East of Russia.

This area is close to the river Ussuri four years presents archaeologists tempting surprises. In 2008, Russian and South Korean experts found in the forest remains huge structure, according to "Rossiyskaya Gazeta". Geophysical survey has confirmed the presence of masonry and surface hole exploration has brought many artifacts Bohai era.

Huge structure divided into rooms, and its layout (platform, outer wall, a gallery and patio) showed that this palace built by the Fo-hai. Behind the wall, archaeologists believe, should definitely be the huts of peasants. Historians have long speculated that the territory of Primorye are two Bohai province.

"These palaces are well known to us from the excavations of the capital cities in the Bohai modern China. Chronicles brought to us that in the Bohai empire more than a thousand years ago, it was at the same time five equal capitals, the location of four of them is for sure," — said in an interview to "Rossiyskaya newspaper "prehistoric archeology department head of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East (IIAE FEB RAS) Nikolai Klyuev. It is possible that a fifth is Koksharovkoy capital Bohai.

Items found little while — a few knives, arrowheads, ceramic and cast iron cookware ritual. According to medievalists, this indicates that the palace was ceremonial. But to keep the unique heating system. In contrast to the Russian stove, chimney therein passed by sex.

The principles of thermoregulation Palace versed junior researcher IIAE FEB RAS Igor Sleptsov: "There is a device that increase the pressure in the pipes and warming Cana couches and floors, shutters in order to heat a member, means for cooking. This is a traditional, preserved to this day Korean heating buildings "ondol." By the way, in Korean sounds like Bohai Balhae.

"Characteristics of the ruins and relics found are similar to those of similar finds from Goguryeo Kingdom (37 BC. E. — 668 year). This will help to find the relation between Balhae and Goguryeo and then set the exact geographical coordinates of the territory occupied by Balhae," — says Senior Researcher, Institute of Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Korea, Kim Dong Hoon.

"It is also evidence of active international exchange at the time was the discovery of porcelain navy blue, similar to what was once found in Korean island of Wando. Among the findings should also be noted pot, decorated with images reminiscent of Kang Kang Sool Lae, traditional dance, which Korean women have under the full moon, "- says Don Hun.

If researchers can identify the palace buildings with specific historical figures, the value of the finds in the history of the Far East will be equivalent to the discovery of Troy.

"Unlike previous years, the excavations now we are more focused on finding a medium-sized, but the important finds. These are all things that could give information in writing: stamps, coins or inscriptions on pottery," — said in an interview with " RG "Nikolai Klyuev.

Naturally, to the Fo-hai these territories inhabited by other tribes. In Chernihiv region for unnamed stream — the left tributary of the Bear — Archaeologists have discovered a settlement of the Neolithic and Bronze Age. It is called Mountain Farm-11, in honor of the nearby village of Mountain Farm.

"This so-called double-layered parking area — the ancient people lived a long time here twice, with an interval of a few thousand years — said," Rossiyskaya Gazeta "employee IIAE FEB RAS Alexander Gladchenko. — As long as it is conserved, but the excavations here promise to be very efficient — in the first pit is almost on the surface, I found an obsidian knife. "

Scale finds from the Bohai empire, had previously been made in Primorsky Krai near the village Kraskino. Historians identify Kraskinskoe settlement with Bohai Yang District — the first major administrative center in the way of arriving to the area Pos'eta Japanese embassies in Bohai and the last to leave in the way Japan Bohai embassies (for a long time, all communication with continental powers, Japan was conducted by the State). Kraskinskoe settlement existed VIII — the first half of X century. It was abandoned due to policy won Bohai Khitan, which, starting from 929 years were to relocate to the valley of the Fo-hai Liao and metropolitan province Khitan Empire.

State Bohai lasted from 698 to 926 a year in the territories of modern Manchuria and Primorsky Krai and North Korean Peninsula. The question of the origin and genesis of the Bohai ethnicity is one of the most controversial in the Far East and medieval studies needs further archaeological material. At present, Chinese, Korean and Russian researchers concur that the state was established Bohai Sumo Mohe tribes. For other positions — the origin, genesis and historical destiny observed differences. According to the archaeological version, Bohai, among sumo mohe, were Koreans, Paleo, Ainu and Chinese. The social status of these ethnic groups were different.

The main source for the history of the Bohai is compiled at the beginning of XI century, "The New History of the Tang Dynasty." According to Chinese sources, the Bohai called "the land of enlightenment and scientists." By tradition, adult young men of noble birth were not allowed to marry as long as they do not possess a diploma and archery. To produce official documents used Fo-hai Chinese hieroglyphic writing. In use they also had ancient Turkic runic, that is character, writing. Bohai was defeated in 926, the Khitan — Mongol tribes, north-western neighbors mohe who led a nomadic life in the Manchu and Mongolian steppes.

In 1968 he published a monograph EV Shavkunova "State of Bohai and monuments of its culture in Primorye," in which, in addition to evidence of written sources, the author analyzed the materials of their excavations, describing the Bohai culture in Primorye. And now, it seems, archaeologists have something to add to this fundamental and very interesting scientific work …

Igor Booker

Category: Mystery stories

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