Symbols Nazi art

The fact that Hitler and the Third Reich bosses were literally obsessed with the occult and esoteric sciences, it is no secret. This is reflected in the German culture, 30's and 40's of the last century. It was to be a "new ideas", and the former art declared "degenerative" …

Large fire

German students burned the works of foreign authors
German students burned the works of foreign authors

In May 1933, the shares were held the public burning of books in the areas of university towns of Germany.

In March 1933rd in all districts with the aim of discrediting organized ideological exposition of "degenerate art", consisting of works confiscated from museums and private collections. In Mannheim the exhibition "Bolshevism in culture", in Nuremberg — "Camera horror in art" in Dresden — "Art in the Service of decomposition" and others. From July 1937 to July 1939 in Munich, worked as a traveling exhibition, "Give us a four-year term," which for two years was attended by about two million people. More than twenty thousand "degenerative" works were concluded in spetshranilischah or sold at auction. In 1938, 4,289 works of art in the courtyard of the main burning fire department in Berlin.

Apparently, all these events and later served as the basis for the plot of the famous novel of the American science fiction writer Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451", in which firemen burn banned books. The author wrote it in 1953, when the glow of the German fire was still alive in the memory. The writer warned it could happen again.
"Unreliability" of painters and sculptors who did not share the political line of the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party), have been criticized, they were deprived of the opportunity and show their art to the public. The only exception is the aforementioned ideological action …

Temples for the Fuhrer

Arno Breker at work on a bust of the architect Albert Speer, 1940
German students burned the works of foreign authors

In May 1933, the shares were held the public burning of books in the areas of university towns of Germany.

In March 1933rd in all districts with the aim of discrediting organized ideological exposition of "degenerate art", consisting of works confiscated from museums and private collections. In Mannheim the exhibition "Bolshevism in culture", in Nuremberg — "Camera horror in art" in Dresden — "Art in the Service of decomposition" and others. From July 1937 to July 1939 in Munich, worked as a traveling exhibition, "Give us a four-year term," which for two years was attended by about two million people. More than twenty thousand "degenerative" works were concluded in spetshranilischah or sold at auction. In 1938, 4,289 works of art in the courtyard of the main burning fire department in Berlin.

Apparently, all these events and later served as the basis for the plot of the famous novel of the American science fiction writer Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451", in which firemen burn banned books. The author wrote it in 1953, when the glow of the German fire was still alive in the memory. The writer warned it could happen again.
"Unreliability" of painters and sculptors who did not share the political line of the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party), have been criticized, they were deprived of the opportunity and show their art to the public. The only exception is the aforementioned ideological action …

Temples for the Fuhrer

Arno Breker at work on a bust of the architect Albert Speer, 1940
Arno Breker at work on a bust of the architect Albert Speer, 1940

Simultaneously implanted alternative "Aryan" art. In 1934 at the VI Party Congress in Nuremberg adopted a "cultural program NSDAP."
It said: "As we think about the eternity of the Empire, a work of art must also be eternal, and they should, so to speak, to meet not only the grandeur of its conception, but clearly the plan, the harmony of its proportions. These works will also be a strong justification for lofty political strength of the German nation. "

This is especially true of architecture. Hitler's personal architect, Albert Speer, draft a "new Berlin", which was to be implemented by 1950. According to him, on the central axis of the city had placed the building of two railway stations, city hall, soldiers' Palace, the Opera House and the Office of the Reich. The People's House — the main building of the Reich — going equipped dome 300-meter diameter and fit in it room for 150-180 thousand people.

Annual meetings are planned with the people of the Fuhrer. The huge dome was to symbolize the roof over the "center of the world" (Berlin).

There was also a plan for the "Big Ring", which was to cover the territory from Norway to Africa and from the Atlantic Ocean to the USSR. In his circle planned to build a lot of high-rise structures, resembling temples and mausoleums. These projects were shown on architectural exhibitions in Munich in 1938-1939.

Here is an excerpt from a speech by Hitler, delivered to them in 1939: "From the time we first medieval temples again put to the artists majestic and bold task. No "native villages" no chamber structures, but it is majestically from the fact that we have had since the days of Egypt and Babylon. We create a sacred building as an iconic symbol of the new high culture. I have to start with them. Them I Capture the inexhaustible spiritual seal of my people and my time. "

The cult of the "superman"

In Nazi art was widely distributed topic Vikings
In Nazi art was widely distributed topic Vikings

Sculpture in the Third Reich was assigned allegorical role, she was to become another symbol, emphasizes the power of the Nazi power. In the courtyard of the new office in Berlin was established three-meter statue personified Party and Wehrmacht. Colossal sculptural group of horsemen and athletes adorned March Fields in Nuremberg
Olympic Stadium in Berlin. Memorials depicting standing or kneeling athletic warriors with swords, erected in memory of the victims of World War II.

Reich was the leading sculptor Arno Breker — Führer liked the way he sang the Aryan power. It was introduced to Nazi Breker sculpture image of "Superman" — naked athlete with perfect proportions, relief muscles and "Aryan" features, the growth of which is between two and six meters.

Valhalla for the fallen Aryans

In the art of the Nazi era was widely used mythological symbolism. For example, the fund SS "Ahnenerbe" ("Ancestral Heritage"), one of the main symbols of the Aryan was declared sided hammer Mjolnir, owned by the Scandinavian god Thor. The Vikings Mjolnir was a symbol of power and military protective amulet.

In Varus erected a statue of Arminius (Hermann), tribal chief Cherusci (ancestors of the present Germans) who freed his people from the Roman yoke. In addition, the initiative "Ahnenerbe" reproduced and distributed in some ancient German decorations.

Was widely distributed in the Nazi art theme Vikings (Germans considered them related people), and the German knights.

Their images were used on promotional posters, along with military symbolism of those years: the Reich marching soldiers, armed soldiers, planes …

Often represented the Prussian Emperor Frederick II (Frederick the Great), as its very honored Fuhrer, considering example. Bust of Frederick the Great can be seen in the offices of the party bosses.

One of the most common themes Nazis — "sacrifice." The word "victim" (opfer) was one of the most popular concepts used by Hitler.

Posters of dead stormtroopers called for revenge for the departed comrades. Viewed here and Valhalla motif: in the language of the ancient Germans walhall literally means "palace fallen." In Norse mythology, the so called heavenly palace in the city of the gods of Asgard, home to the souls of soldiers killed in action — eynheriev. Valhalla reigns supreme god of the ancient Scandinavians One. According to mythology, Valhalla is a giant hall, the roof of which is made of gold-plated shields, holding up the spears. It 540 doors.

Hammer of Thor - one of the main symbols of the Aryan
In Nazi art was widely distributed topic Vikings

Sculpture in the Third Reich was assigned allegorical role, she was to become another symbol, emphasizes the power of the Nazi power. In the courtyard of the new office in Berlin was established three-meter statue personified Party and Wehrmacht. Colossal sculptural group of horsemen and athletes adorned March Fields in Nuremberg
Olympic Stadium in Berlin. Memorials depicting standing or kneeling athletic warriors with swords, erected in memory of the victims of World War II.

Reich was the leading sculptor Arno Breker — Führer liked the way he sang the Aryan power. It was introduced to Nazi Breker sculpture image of "Superman" — naked athlete with perfect proportions, relief muscles and "Aryan" features, the growth of which is between two and six meters.

Valhalla for the fallen Aryans

In the art of the Nazi era was widely used mythological symbolism. For example, the fund SS "Ahnenerbe" ("Ancestral Heritage"), one of the main symbols of the Aryan was declared sided hammer Mjolnir, owned by the Scandinavian god Thor. The Vikings Mjolnir was a symbol of power and military protective amulet.

In Varus erected a statue of Arminius (Hermann), tribal chief Cherusci (ancestors of the present Germans) who freed his people from the Roman yoke. In addition, the initiative "Ahnenerbe" reproduced and distributed in some ancient German decorations.

Was widely distributed in the Nazi art theme Vikings (Germans considered them related people), and the German knights.

Their images were used on promotional posters, along with military symbolism of those years: the Reich marching soldiers, armed soldiers, planes …

Often represented the Prussian Emperor Frederick II (Frederick the Great), as its very honored Fuhrer, considering example. Bust of Frederick the Great can be seen in the offices of the party bosses.

One of the most common themes Nazis — "sacrifice." The word "victim" (opfer) was one of the most popular concepts used by Hitler.

Posters of dead stormtroopers called for revenge for the departed comrades. Viewed here and Valhalla motif: in the language of the ancient Germans walhall literally means "palace fallen." In Norse mythology, the so called heavenly palace in the city of the gods of Asgard, home to the souls of soldiers killed in action — eynheriev. Valhalla reigns supreme god of the ancient Scandinavians One. According to mythology, Valhalla is a giant hall, the roof of which is made of gold-plated shields, holding up the spears. It 540 doors.

Hammer of Thor - one of the main symbols of the Aryan
Hammer of Thor — one of the main symbols of the Aryan

Every morning eynherii don the armor and fight with each other, and then sit down to feast at the common table. They eat the flesh of the immortal Boar Sehrimnira that clogs every day and which is reborn each day, and drink honey, which gives instead of milk goat Heidrun, chewing the leaves of the World Tree Yggdrasil. At night the soldiers pleasuring beautiful virgins. One day, according to Edda and the Younger Edda (vaults Nordic myths) will open the doors of Valhalla, and after each call to the god Heimdall Blowing a Horn Gyallarhorn, will take 800 soldiers to go to the last battle of Ragnarok, which was once predicted dead visionary (volva).

By the way, some of the early Christian theologians believed that Valhalla is essentially a netherworld …
Maybe they were not that far from the truth, given the special relationship to Scandinavian folklore Nazis destroy entire nations in the struggle for supremacy of the "Aryan race"?

Curiously, Hitler liked to paint landscapes and still lifes, and not monumental portraits and scenes from mythology. And his paintings were very bad — in contrast to conventional wisdom, that the Fuhrer — mediocrity in art … His talent as an artist and modern experts confirm.

Who knows, perhaps, pass by Adolf Hitler in his time on competition in the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, where he sought, Germany's fate would have been different. Although it is likely, then he was replaced by someone else.

Category: Mystery stories

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