In the far north, where the ground is covered with snow for six months, stretching from west to east the great and endless mountains. Around their gold tops makes its annual path of the sun above them in the dark winter night sparkle seven stars of Ursa Major, and in the center of the universe is the North Star. From these mountains rush down all the great rivers of land, but some of them are flowing to the south, to the warm sea, and others — to the north, to belopennomu ocean.
On the tops of these mountains are noisy forest, wonderful singing birds, live animals and a wonderful golden river channels flowing here. Mountains, separating the north and Milk (White) sea from all other lands are called mountains Meru and the greatest of the peaks — Mandara. Measure around the corner and half day lasts six months — a night there frozen water, buying fancy shapes. There in the sky over the ocean sparkling iridescent vodyanitsy and only fowl great sages — "Rishi" know the way to the region. So tell us about the far northern country, the ancient homeland of the Rig Veda hymns and songs of the Mahabharata — the ancient Indian sacred monuments. Strange unexpected tale, it is not clear how far the hot born in India, would read this story, if it had not lived in the midst of ancient legends and other southern countries — Iran.
In the Avesta, the sacred monument Iranians, in the most ancient part of it, which tells of the creation of the world, tells about a distant northern homeland of the Iranians — the land of the gods and ancestors, where the west-east ridge of the High stretch Hara — Hara Berezajti with their highest peak Mount Hupayrya. And over the High Hara also sparkle seven stars of the Great Bear and Polar Star, set in the center of the universe.
Hence, with gold tops, which all the earth, and the greatest river of them — clean river Ardvi-Double, with noise in the drop-down "with a suitable bays" sea Vourukasha. High above the mountains Hara bystrokonnoe forever circling the sun, and lasts six months here on, and six months — the night. Only the brave and strong spirit can pass through these mountains and get into the happy land of ancestors, washed belopennogo Ocean.
Again, these fabulous gold mountains covered with thick forests, where it grows a sacred plant catfish or haoma from which drains to the north and to the south in the beds of wild golden river. Where, how, when the Indians and the Iranians have learned about the countries and the cold of winter, freezing ocean and the northern lights? When and where they could see high above the North Star? On the northern mountains of the great Greek authors wrote, I believe that these mountains, which they called Riphean or Hyperborean, occupied the whole of northern Europe and the northern boundary was the Great Scythia. On the far northern mountains, stretching from east to west, wrote the "father of history" Herodotus. Doubting the incredible, fantastic value Rhipaean mountains, Aristotle, however, believed in their existence, and was convinced that it was from the mountains flow down all the biggest rivers in Europe, except Istra-Danube. For Riphean (Hyperborean) mountains in the north of Europe, placed Greek and Roman geographers Great Northern, or Scythian ocean.
In the early twentieth century, a prominent Indian scientist B.G.Tilak proved that was the ancestral home of the ancient Indo-Iranians (8-6 thousand years BC) in the Arctic. Apparently, there had to be sought, and the holy northern mountains Aryans.
But where exactly are they located, and not a myth all these things? Asked yourself this question, scientists for decades. Some thought that this Ural Mountains, others were placed in the Caucasus, and others associated with the spurs of the Pamir and Tien Shan. But if neither the singers of the Vedas, nor the creators of the Avesta, or ancient writers were not wrong, and in the mountains Meru and Hara (Hyperborean) was supposed to be cold northern ocean or milk (white) sea, then for 4-5 thousand years, they have not gone away. Only one thing — take a close look at the map of our country. And then in the eyes rush marked light brown color on the north of the European part of Russia, stretching from west to east along the 60 ° N hill, known as the northern ridge. Connecting with the Timan Ridge and Ural Mountains in the east and the mountains of Finland and the Kola Peninsula in the west, just north Uvaly create that arc of hills, similar to the curved south bow, described old Aryan tradition. That is the arc of hills coast dwellers, residents of the Urals and the Finns call is still one name — Earth Belt. One of the greatest of our time geomorphologists Yu.A.Mescheryakov called Northern Uvaly "anomaly of the Russian Plain," and pointed out that they are the main watershed basins of the northern and southern seas. It is at the latitude of northern ridges put Ptolemy (2 century AD.) Riphean, or Hyperborean Alaunskie mountains, similar sacred Meru and Hara Aryan antiquity. He wrote that "in Sarmatia live alaunskie Scythians, they are strong branch of the Sarmatians and called alaunyanami." It makes sense to refer to the description of landscapes Vologda province, made in 1890 N.A.Ivanitskim: "On the southern border of the province reaches the so-called Ural-Alaunskaya ridge exciting counties Ust Sysolskiy, Nikolsky, Totem, Vologda and Gryazovets. It is not the mountains and sloping hill or plateau, employees Dvina and the Volga watershed systems. " We must assume that the Vologda peasants call these hills (like their fathers, grandfathers and great-grandfathers) Alaunskimi mountains, the bulk of Ptolemy did not read hardly unaware of such ancient names of the mountains. What is Alaunskie Mountain or Northern Uvaly? "Dictionary of national geographic terms" E.M.Murzaeva defines them as "a steep and high bank of the river, a mountainous ridge accompanying the valley." On the watershed areas of the North ridge, where the mountains as it cut through the river on the north and south river valleys — is deep, up to 80 meters or more, with steep canyons steep banks. And in 6.8 millennium BC, as shown geologists, these canyons were deeper at 160-200 meters, and the mountains, respectively, above. Is here and now luxury woods, meadows with grasses, an abundance of game and birds, gold-bearing sands in the river channels. We ask, "What about the height of the mountains? After Meru and Hara — the highest in the world. And then just — anything from 500 meters to the ridge to 1800 in the Polar Urals? ". But remember: describing peaks Meru and Hara, old singers consistently noted that they are covered with forest, full of wild animals and birds, that is, can not be very high. Do not forget the fact that the low northern sky, the specific position of the sun, and the fact that the rivers flowed away as the south and to the north (the rivers run down and not vice versa) — all testified to the ancient observers on one: the land rises to the north, and here are the highest mountains of the earth.
Ancient Aryan names of mountain peaks, as the names of rivers, have survived. Thus, the legend of the Mahabharata tell about the great sage Narada and ascetic, who lived in the north and spread to humans decree of the gods, and the gods — the requests of people. The highest peak of Polar Urals until 1928 was called the Narada — and only after decades of the October Revolution was renamed the People.
According to the Aryan tradition, Manu prapredok people to escape the flood, stuck his ship to the horn of a huge fish, and stopped on the spur of the mountain, which has since been called the "slope of Manu." But not far from Mount Narada towering mountain and river flows Manaraga Manaraga. Manu's wife, according to legend, was appearing in milk and butter, brought ancestors of the victim, a woman named Ila or Ida. But next to the river is flowing and Manaraga today the river silt or Ilych.
Mahabharata tells us that in the north in the sacred mountains was part of Kailash — the kingdom of the God of Wealth Kubera. Today the source of the river Pinega, a tributary of the Northern Dvina, still called Kailas and it flows among the highlands, which in ancient times, apparently, was called Kailash.
In the area north of ridges can be found such names of rivers, mountains, and settlements as sugars, Kharovskii ridge Harovka, Ripino, Ripinka, Ripa, Mandara Mandarovo. At closest approach to the ridge Volga, Kostroma land flowing river Mera. In Vyatka province in the XIX century was known mountain range, called Kukarskikh ridges. Mahabharata says that the length of the ridge Meru (or hara) equals 1,600 km to the west and its limited area Gandhamadana. But if we now put off from the mountain on the northern ridge of Narada 1,600 km to the west, get into the Karelian Zaonezhie, where there is still a lake and a mountain Gandamadana Gandamadana. Here, in Gandamadany, river flows Sagar Creek. O sons of Sagara, dug a canal, said one of the stories of the ancient Indian epic. Such examples could be cited.
Complete as we would like our story next. Geography According to the Mahabharata, a sacred northern mountains lived different people: Danavas (given, danaytsy), give (Daichi), sawm (sawm), Yavanas (Greeks) and the people of the northern Kurus, who lived on the islands of Chur and Nal (now Kholmogory). And all this vast country on the White and Barents Seas Rasataloy was called, which means the Russian land.
Alexei Vinogradov Germanovich, Zharnikova Svetlana