One element of a wooden house in the traditional Russian architecture is the so-called ohlupen — timber, cover the top joint of the roof slopes. He is always interpreted as a dominant part of dwelling, the "head" of the house, and not surprisingly, it was called the "prince" ("CNES"), "princeling."
Ethnographers have noted that in the sculptural decoration ohlupnya appear most archaic in Russian architecture. In this element severnorusskih villages for centuries was the pride the owners and creative competition.
This attitude to the top of the home, as well as its decoration figures of various animals and mythological creatures (dragons, etc.)., In principle, common among European nations. It is important that the decoration of the roof at home has obvious regional and, apparently, ethnic specificity.
In Russian, usually ohlupen has the decorative sculpture of a head end of the horse, which is why the most common name of the part is a "fad".
Interestingly, the two-headed Russian North found skates watching apart or facing each other.
Apart ohlupnya traditionally decorated with images of horses and fell — the projections of several upper logs log.
Also carvings horse heads could be placed on the upper end prichelin.
In general, for the Russian wooden architecture characterized by the use of horses in the design of the upper part of the house. According to anthropologists, this tradition is one of the evidences of the existence of the custom in the past to place on the highest point of the home horse skull (it is for one of the ancient names ohlupnya was "cranial log").
Readers of our community, of course, will not be surprised to learn that the nearest analogy that tradition in what is now northern Germany, in the federal states of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony (formerly Wendland — «land Wends"), Schleswig-Holstein and in the Baltic States
It is important that in Germany, "… the incidence of horse heads on the roof ridge is almost identical with the area of the way of the white horse in the Christmas mummers' . A similar ceremony was recorded suppressors and Russian.
Obviously, we have manifestations of the cult of the horse, as ethnographers celebrated in Russia and in North Germany. Moreover, in the regions considered manifestations are identical