The difficulties associated with migration, of course, very felt in Russia. Just mention the Russian version, is to see that the majority of Russians word migration is associated, in the main, with migrant workers from Moldova, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and other former republics of the Russian Union. But the Russian migration trends is not only far side connected to the issue of migrant workers. The history of movement RF has more facets that should see the details.
Speaking of movement in the area of our country now, we have to admit: now very rarely mention the fact that in Russia at various times to come, citizens and nationals of other countries. Some found here work themselves, others invited to the service government, others move to Russia from other judgments. The number of state diasporas in the Russian Federation and their historical view suggests that the influx of foreign people was observed, and 100, and two hundred and three hundred years ago.
Foreigners in one form or another involved in the development of RF From the very beginning of the formation of statehood. Until now, historians do not cease in the middle of controversy about the Varangians, who urged people to rule on Russia. Rurik dynasty in this case can be considered fully, sorry, the first sign of the idea of "guest working." Well, in the middle of the representatives of the second royal dynasty of the Russian Federation there are many examples of foreign personages pretty quickly gets a taste of managing a large state. This shows that migration issues existed previously, except that the difference over time is as today most of these immigrants. The level of education and skill immigrants davneshnih years was the way it should be for the role of these people in this country's development.
If we talk about Italian immigrants, it can serve as one example of what contribution these "alien to Rus' people in the treasury of good deeds for the country and the people. The 11th century. Anthony Roman — one of the first Italians to which appeared in the area of the country. This man is the founder and first abbot of the monastery of St. Anthony of Novgorod. He was born on church land in Italy, then I realized that close to him specifically the Orthodox faith and decided to devote himself to his life and ministry specifically Orthodoxy.
Giant on its own cultural significance for our country has played the role of labor glorious galaxy of Italian architects: Pietro Antonio Solari (designer of the walls and towers of the Moscow Kremlin), Mark Fryazin (one of the designers of the Faceted Chamber), Aleviz Milanese (Fryazin) (engineered stone chambers Kremlin wall and towers along Neglinka, the Kremlin's Archangel Cathedral), Aristotle Fioravanti (designer of the Assumption Cathedral of the Kremlin), Domenico Trezzini (designer of the Peter and Paul Fortress), Luigi Rusca (creator of numerous construction projects of St. Petersburg), Bartolomeo Rastrelli (designer of Peterhof and the Royal Village, the architect of palaces North of the capital). This list could go on for a very long time.
As a "guest workers" in Russia had to be noted not only the Italians. There are among those who brings a bright idea in the development of our country and the Germans (doctors Bull and Marquart, General Benckendorf, the discoverer of Antarctica Bellingshausen, poet Athanasius Fet, director Meyerhold, etc.), and French (Designer Vallin de la Mothe, booksellers Bitepazh, Viola , Dufour and Belizar, astrologer Delisle with which to precisely find the coordinates of St. Petersburg, choreographers Didelot, Lande and Petipa, the military naval Traverse, etc.), and other zabugornye civilization.
Russian monarchs, many of which also, incidentally, were immigrants, a very positive attitude to those foreigners who came to Russia to work. Ivan III himself invited Italian architects of the same, that they contributed to his work decorating Russian cities.
When Catherine majesty kings of Paul and Alexander I was even a special program for foreign verbovaniya people on the area of the Russian Federation for the job. One of the fundamental documents governing the invitation of foreigners in Russia, became the manifesto of 1763, which Catherine was signed second. The Empress gave foreign spice truly hothouse conditions for labor. In the Manifesto states that foreign nationals arriving in the country for work. released at a specific time of the payment of all taxes, were free to remain committed to their own faith, to choose any province as a place of primary residence. Of strangers against their will could not take the military.
Specifically, since the beginning of this Manifesto Our homeland has become a very cute for its own activities by the state for foreign people. This is the question that the extremely impulsive speeches now declared: Our homeland country never perceived Western civilization as equivalent candidates for work and life. Catherine Manifesto proved invaluable benefit not only to those who arrived in Russia from abroad, and most of, because people came here with a good education, have extensive experience in one or another sphere, can not be said about immigrants today's time.
Despite the fact that the immigrants of recent years often carried RF favor, and were on their persecution. In most cases, such persecution were associated themselves with the advantages for foreigners who indicated above. Conflicts broke out on the basis of sectarian differences and income inequality. The neighbor, who is a foreigner, and besides, living in better times financially, called to say the least disapproval of the local population.
Now these persecutions associated with several other factors, which we all know very well. The level of education and skills of immigrants today left much to be desired, as the level of culture that these people are trying to bring. Our homeland has become one of the numerous countries of the world, which oblyubovyvayut immigrants work which almost always is not focused on the good of the country. Well, the fruits of such work in the majority of cases are low-quality items that are difficult to associate with the works of the above "historical guest workers."
In this regard, it should be said that migration flows is time to move to a channel, which would not only fueled purses certain category of people, and replenish the life-giving moisture economy, culture, science, and industry of the Russian Federation, as it was during the reign of Iv
an III the same or Catherine II. Of course, now very hard to turn away from the low-skilled guest workers, for which You can pay a penny, killing real konkurentnst. But if you do not address this issue at the moment, our home will soon be reincarnated as a migration drain hole into which flow down not far from springs …