In history there were water and air burial, discarding, burying, cremation, mummification, dissection, cannibalism. The most common — cremation and inhumation. A culture burial occurs when there is a concept of the soul and the afterlife. With the V century BC use natural hills. Often placed on the back, crossing his arms. Cremation was used for 7c. BC (Common in Europe, Russia, India, Japan, etc.), came out of use during the fight monotheism and paganism. Were buried after cremation.
For the most part in the 11-13th centuries. — In the coffin into the ground, but there were "pagan" rituals. Cremation was extended, and more — north. In some regions, and water. And burning in the boat, which was started by the river. In the tomb were placed items needed in the afterlife. In paganism burned (including the boat). In place of the tomb mound was created (found on all continents).
Variety. In the dying hours of invited Lama. The ritual is performed by specialists. Suturing the eyelids. The body should be brought to one of the elements, but often leave the corpse in the desert. After the funeral rites of cleansing, protecting the living. Seven weeks after the death of the measures taken to ensure the deceased a good rebirth. Mourning period — 49 days. In Japan (Buddhism) exists cremation custom that came from India. Prior to that, simply put in a coffin, waiting for the disappearance of "uncleanness" of death.
Rite performs for man to man, woman to woman. Wrapped in a linen sheet, open the window, put a candle at the head, covered mirror. Can not be left alone, constantly guard. Transportation of the body in the casket feet first. In the washing of the blood relatives are not involved. Robe of white h / b material, anything metallic. All that has been cut or fallen away from the body, the things that have been contaminated with blood, are put together with the deceased. There is a tradition of breaking his clothes (kriya). The mouth and eyes are covered with pottery shards. Prohibited cremation. Forbidden to leave for the night. Mourning ends in 30 days. The monument is placed at 30 days or 12 months. Wrap the sheet buried in a concrete vault, cover plate. And buried in caves. In ancient times, the body was left in the cave for a year (7 days + 12 months?) To istlevaniya (purification of the sinful nature), then perezahoranivali.
Burial of the body in the coffin into the ground on the third day. Accompanied by crying. After the baptism of Rus began to bury his head in the west (according to tradition the burial of Jesus Christ.) The body is half closed. On both sides of the grave and in the heads (or if only in my head) — candles. In the church the coffin is put down to the altar. After the funeral — funeral. Night after the death of the Psalter is read. The funeral service in the church or in absentia. Marked the 9 th and 40 th day.
Lay dying so your feet are facing toward Mecca, he read prayers. Ritual bath, attended by at least 4 people (men — men, women — women). Do not put the chest down. Can not be buried in the clothes you need in a white cloth (shroud). After death is not cut their hair, nails, crowns are not removed. In the tomb descends feet first. Tomb constructed so as not to smell, and could not get predators. Graves facing facades of Mecca. Deprecated gravestones built (to avoid the humiliation of poor). No grave is a place of prayer. "The Prophet said that the deceased suffers when his family mourns him." Do not scratch his face, tearing hair or clothes.
The deceased's head is covered with a blanket. The next day, washed and placed in a coffin. During 3 days stored in the house. The funeral to make money. Funeral clothing — unpainted canvas. Burial could take many days. Earlier cemetery near his home. Traditional family cemetery in the mountains. Bury the body in the coffin. Top of the mound to a meter. After the burial — sacrifice. Previously, the color of mourning was white.
Crowded funeral. Buried with the best horse. Buried on the same day before the sun or the next. In the family vault, or in cemeteries. Wake — feeding the dead.
Zoroastrians. The body is unclean shall not pollute the land. The fire was sacred to them. Cremation and burial are unacceptable. The body is attributed to the plateau on the will of animals. In this case, it does not touch the ground and water. The remains were buried. Similarly, the Iranians in the Middle Ages ("Towers of Silence"),
"The people of Australia, south-west of America, British Columbia, and Siberian people were buried in the trees. This corpse was wrapped in cloth and hung high in the branches."
Vikings. The bodies were placed in the boat, sometimes with the servants. Boats or buried at sea.
Tibet. Refer to the top of the mountain and leave the birds (because of the rocky soil?).
Neanderthals. In the depths of the caves.
Island of Bali. Funeral — fun. Then cremation.
The peoples of Anatolia. Separately for men and women. Women are often under the sanctuary (the cult of female priestesses), the other part under the floors of houses.
North Caucasus. Stone vaults, virtually isolated from the ground and air.
Madagascar. In the caves.
Indonesia. Tombs on stilts.
Indigenous tribes of the island of Tasmania. Air, in the ground, cremation.
Canadian Eskimos. Ground technique in plank coffins.
In ancient China, the place chosen for the grave with feng shui.
General wariness. Protection of the living from the dead energy. In ancient customs are viewed prejudice caused local way of life and customs. Modern traditions confused, often due to the influence of the church. All activities are aimed at breaking the link with the deceased.
Category: Mystery stories