The mind for armored vehicles

Do I need Russian army "smart" war machines?

Generally Forum "Engineering Technologies 2010", the exhibition brings together four outright that previously existed separately from each other — "Intermash" MVSV, "Aerospace" and UVS-TECH, left a few dual memory. On the one hand, there has been shown a number of very exciting Russian innovations, and on the other — the representatives of enterprises, developers, talking about their own products, it is often repeated: "Our Defense is not necessary, do not understand that he needed at the moment."

Salon "Engineering Technologies" which Now would be held every two years, I thought as a platform that allows the RF to provide interested zabugornom partners new Russian products, see the latest Western technology and maybe buy some of them. Logically, this process should remember two-way street. But at the moment the exchange of technology takes the form of 2-disjoint multi-directional flows, as most of the innovations in the Russian defense industry is not enthusiastic about the inside of the country.

It is, namely, concerns and "highlights" of the previous exhibition — the modernized tank T-80U, Curb complex automatic weapons control and network-centric hardware that links linear and commanding armored vehicles in ACS tactical level.

For network-centric military operations

New equipment T-80 consists of a 2-main parts: the complex weapons control 45M, software and computer system TPK-T-1.

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1st — one hundred percent digital, such work on equipment of armored vehicles produced in Russia for the first time. It consists of a rangefinder sight 1G46M, commander of the complex "Agat-M" (or "Agate-MDT"), stabilizer arms, management information systems and a number of sensors. 45M connects voedinyzhdy stabilizer control guns, loading mechanism, a complex optical-electronic suppression "blind" in a single system. By taking into account the characteristics of the atmosphere and the compensation of its own course it increases accuracy, automatic stabilizer compensates goings of sight, remember the performance when loading shells.

In general, the installation on the T-80 complex 45M allows to dramatically better accuracy and rate of fire, but due to presence of the management information system (MIS) — to improve readiness. MIS in-1's, worketh operational control of all systems in the event of a failure in the information displayed respectively, hinting crew options that are needed to perform combat tasks. In-2, ISC tracks down the work crew and the invalid, incorrect actions gives advice to remedy the situation. Having an integrated control system allows for self-diagnosis of complex components: computer, laser, optical and electronic technology, the work that for conscripts serving one year and has at best secondary education, is very difficult. In addition, reduced by half the number of controls, respectively, and the actions that need to make the crew. In other words electronics took over the main mental functions, simplifying tank in combat, as well as during maintenance of the machine.

Organized by the digital exchange between the complexes and weapon control software and hardware, which dramatically increases not only the fighting ability of the tank, and the command maneuverability.

PTC T-1 is set to command tank at a level of battalion commander to division commander. As a result, the commander is able to send messages to their subordinates — from a linear to a tank company commander, and receive reports on the execution of the task. Chance to work with operational and tactical situation on the screen, in other words, is attached to the job card of the situation, which displays the position of their own and enemy forces and production tasks. The structure of the PTC T-1 includes an automatic workplace commander, computer, display device, a complex of means of communication, navigation system.

Means of communication are presented with 2 VHF and one HF radio (all three — the family "Aqueduct"). Shortwave radio with mast installed next to the tank, the transmission distance can reach up to 300 km messages. Provided both voice communication and transmission of information texts, including formalized in a closed channel. For internal communication of the crew in a tank designed equipment ABCK-1U, which gives the opportunity to enter the FM station of all crew members.

The commander of all the information at their own tank gets to the display device. Return data is displayed on the system status, machine location, and information on the ICS — the number and type of shells in the loading mechanism, in the packing, fuel level, data from the fire control: automatically calculated position of the object of the enemy, which can be referred to as down — unit commanders and tanks, and upward — the higher command. In other words, the battalion commander has the ability to issue targeting subordinates, and their targeting these machines are processed automatically.

Navigational equipment allows you to focus as a satellite signals, and (in their absence) by samoorientirovaniya according to the testimony of the course and slope, starting from the original coordinates.

On the line of tanks and machines platoon and company commanders complex set TPK-T-2. It made difficult to access some functions of the exchange with the higher command and no HF radio.

As a result, the battalion commander always has full information about what tasks to do, where are the tanks of its units, the personal composition, the number of missiles and fuel in cars, in constant communication with higher command. It may take a hundred percent informed decision about combat capability battalion, unit and individual machines.

After crank battalion information about the life and health of the tank crews, munitions and fuel enters the rear brigade units, facilitating and providing medical supplies.

Work on the modernization of T-80 made the St. Petersburg Special Design Bureau of Transport Machinery (SKBTM), which is the main executor of the project, in collaboration with the Krasnogorsk OMZ and Vologda, CDB MIS. Developer of software and hardware complex — Gorky plant communications equipment Popov.

This development, initially implemented by request GABTU, during the exhibition showed a lively enthusiasm zabugornyh several delegations. Russian Ministry of Defense as it once grew cold.

While the built-in fire-control system is an experienced prototype tests carried immense with a huge number of shots. In the words of chief designer SKBTM Alexander Umansky, upon notification by upgrading to the effective end of the brand new equipment can be applied not only on the T-80, and on all other Russian cars. Dimensions and layout decisions of this complex can simply change an old block to the new as in the modernization of existing tanks, as well as the production of new ones. According to Uman, in principle and that the system is implemented on one hundred percent on the Russian element basis, taking into account available technology. In other words, for the development of mass production systems do not require special preparation of production.

Intelligence for armored vehicles

The development potential

On-board equipment in the complex 45M and TPK Embeds tank the third post-war generation was conceived and created in the era of analog devices and computers, the volume occupied separate rooms in a modern electric space combat. Apparently, you need to carry out the work and the modernization of the "iron". On the directions of such improvement, we were asked to tell the chief of the new design of the Ural Transport Machine-Building Design Bureau Vladimir Nevolina.

According to him, the modernization of the T-90 is, it is very severe and profound work, although its results are not yet read the time. Uniformly improved and export version — T-90S. Namely, Algeria intended for more advanced tanks, than those who ordered India. On the Algerian T-90S implemented two new features: a thermal imaging system for automatic target tracking and optronic oppression.

Intelligence for armored vehicles

Negotiations lasted for installation on the T-90S automatic western production, but so far to the real work is not reached. In order for that variant of the tank was needed in the market, power plant in accordance with the Western "fashion" must be a candy bar, which allows, if necessary, to recover rapidly from the combat capability of the machine out of service the unit. This solution has both pluses and minuses. The latter include the significant rise in the total tank. In the current version of the T-90 design allows fast access to the main sites and repair them in the field without the need to dismantle the criteria for a power plant and a box. A candy bar only repaired at the factory. Means need not cheap in store power units for substitution. In addition, for an operation to remove from the tank candy bar and installing the spare must have Atlet virtually every platoon, which also reduces the cost of operation of machinery to that box.

According to Vladimir Nevolina, the imposition of ammunition and automatic loading of the hull is not planned, but some activities are conducted to improve the protection of BC.

At the current time, and can be considered an early transition to a larger caliber gun. 125-mm armor-piercing shells are still potential for development. The fact that the goals for the tanks are becoming more varied and defeat the enemy MBT — is not the primary task. According to the views of Nevolina necessary to develop ammunition started to engage manpower for fighting in urban criteria. We need new missiles with remote undermining, with different variations of the equipment, can be done abroad like projectiles with submunitions personal detonation. Coupled with that is engaged in improving the technology of guns themselves — to make more accurate treatment trunks to increase the accuracy of fire, to work on a more regular arrangement of recoil mechanism to remove disturbances occurring during the shot.

"The Wolf" is on the warpath

Another novelty armored Forum "Engineering Technologies 2010" was a family of modular protected vehicles "Wolf", developed by the Military-Industrial Company. "The Wolf" was created based on the experience of exploitation and combat introduction of the "Tiger" and its Western counterparts. Russian version has a number of distinctive features, the combination of which makes it almost unique in the whole. The main feature of the machine — hydropneumatic-independent suspension on all wheels, allows to change the ride height from 250 to 550 mm. This solution focuses on the reduction of the negative effects of the explosion at the wheel, as the impact of the blast on gidropnevmopodvesku creates other disturbing acts than in the variant with the classical-sprung suspension — springs or springs. In addition, the explosion pressure wave, leaving up, goes down exponentially, because the higher the body above ground level, the safer for the people are inside. And in a very elevated version of clearance at the "Wolf" is larger than all of its Western counterparts, considered by engineers in the development of modern machines.

Intelligence for armored vehicles

In addition, variable ground clearance allows you to make better cars to cross rough terrain and on the asphalt — to maintain good maneuverability. The hardness of the suspension can be adjusted depending on the type of soil.

To increase the security of the crew and troops from undermining the car used a double bottom with an insulated layer and the lower element. The seats are suspended from the roof of the cabin as well as in the multi-unit created to transport people.

In the basic version machine is comparable easy booking, regardless of the level of which is increased by the need to sample a clay additional protective parts, it's just done in the field criteria. The design used armored glass of the highest class resistance width 68 mm without changing the optical characteristics.

The machine is armed with on-board information and control system. It allows you to diagnose, holds the key characteristics of the main components and assemblies, does not allow the driver to make a wrong act. This leads to a reduction in maintenance and increase the life of the machine.

A basic two-axle variant has an armored unit with a capacity of 10 people, capacity — 1.5 tons. In a modification to the cargo bed can carry up to 2.5 tons, the same capacity in the three-axle version with bronemodulem. In the version with the basic booking two-axle vehicle gross weight of 7.5 tons.

"The Wolf" is equipped with a diesel engine JAMZ-5347 family of up to 300 liters. with., all other machine components and assemblies are also made in Russia. It should be noted that the premiere of "Wolf" in Zhukovsky caused excessive enthusiasm of the participants of the forum, some of which, apparently, may become possible customers. But would it be in the number of Russian Ministry of Defense, fascinated by the idea of licensed production of Italian armored vehicles IVECO LMV, is unclear.

Intelligence for armored vehicles

By the way, shortly before the Forum "Engineering Technologies 2010" at the site of Arzamas Engineering Plant performance tests BTR-80, in which under one of the wheels of the car was done undermining explosive capacity of 4 kg of TNT. With all of this armored personnel carrier, the total mass of which is 13.5 tons, was thrown up on the meter and 5 meters back. One can imagine that in a similar situation waiting for IVECO LMV weighing 6.5 tons, and in fact its developers promise to preserve life are inside people in suicide on a land mine weighing 8 pounds!

Forgotten caliber

In the middle of other, less-scale features on the weight and size of new products online can be noted for the first time demonstrated silent 82-mm mortar 2B25, developed in Nizhny Novgorod Research Institute "Petrel". Quietness, flameless and smokeless shots are achieved due to the fact tha
t the process of initiation lifting charge and combustion occurs inside a longish shank mines. The shank is a tube, which is fixed at the end of the charge, and before him — Bush, when ignited, the charge moves on the stock, fixed in the trunk of a mortar. When loading mine falls on this stock. At the end of the combustion process lifting charge bushing jammed at the end of the shank mines. The trunk in this case — it's just a guide tube without experiencing stress at a shot, because it can be made very easy. Stove mortar — a component. For shooting with Myagenko soils used its majority, but with asphalt and other hard surfaces can only shoot with a small thrust. Weight mortar — 13 kg. The calculation consists of 2 persons, one of whom shall be a mortar, and the second — stacking with 2 mines (each weight — 3.3 kg).

Most of the firing range of the mortar is 1200 meters, small — 100. Rate — 15 rounds per minute. Weight of warhead mines — 1.9 kg. Mortar is designed for special forces to ensure secrecy and surprise combat use. With the shooting of his sound to a volume similar to the shot with a machine gun with a silencer.

The idea itself is not a new weapon. Similar developments in our country started in the 30's and 40's. But now the mortar 2B25 brought to a condition of serial products, and this year has already started its delivery Armed Forces.

Another relatively new products in the middle of "Puffin" may be noted refreshed 82-mm mortar 2B24 and versatile 57-mm automatic weapon station.

2B24 is the newest plate, which allows shoot without training positions. On any type of ground after the first shot stove occupies the desired position and allows radial firing without changing its position, just barely moving the bipod. For the introduction of the more massive reinforced mortar ammunition in the trunk, on his breech made tenderloin, which increases heat loss. Has an improved fuse from double charging. Weight increased by only 2.5 kg, the weight of the mortar is 45 kg. There is a version posted on the MT-LB chassis. 2B24 is designed for new ammunition 3-0-26 weighing 4.4 kg, range which increased to 6 thousand meters (with a range of common 82-mm mine — four thousand meters). However, testing of this weapon is not yet complete.

57-mm module, made on the basis of the marine anti-aircraft gun S-60, was developed initially commissioned to modernize the Vietnamese PT-76 tanks. But then because of the economic problems of the customer work to a halt. The forthcoming development came at their own expense, which do not yet allow the construction of prototypes and conduct their field tests. At the current time, the module worked out in the form of a gun mount for the Army, and the family of combat units for light armored vehicles. The latter option may be, would be very entertaining, as a basic tool has good ballistic characteristics, and the shells of 57mm caliber more than twice as effective as 30-mm. Namely, a kilometer-caliber armor-piercing shell itself breaks brick barrier width of 1 meter. The largest range of shooting 57-mm cannon — 17 km.

Modules created for armored vehicles, have a mass of between 2.5 and 4 tonnes and are suitable for installation on all the Russian armored vehicles and infantry fighting vehicles. However, for this land use as tools needed to develop a new fuse for high-explosive projectile, but in Russia, unfortunately, no one does not do so. Well, in general, our military did not show any enthusiasm for this caliber. Although in the West in the current growth options being worked caliber automatic guns to be installed in lightly armored armored vehicles. Perhaps the situation will move from a standstill after the restart project financing Vietnam — conditions for it, and after the start of construction in Kazakhstan missile boats for the Russian project 20970 "Qatran", which is intended to arm the 57-mm automatic gun mount A- 220M on the basis of the same gun S-60.

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