"At that time there were giants on the earth …
They are strong, good people since ancient times. "
Bible. 6th chapter "Genesis"
The history of every nation is full of mysteries and contradictions, and always more questions than answers.
Famous Bible Stories: David and Goliath
For example, the question of the existence of the world giants (Nephilim, giants) science the stuff of legend and myth. However, as correctly noted the largest Russian historian George Vernadsky: "… Traces of ancient historical basis can easily be located under the cover of mythology."
The possible existence of giants is not as simple as it seems at first glance. According to the concept of world history of the famous Babylonian Berossus, the Earth in prehistoric, antediluvian times was inhabited by giants, coexist with humanity. Actually, the same Old Testament narrates "The Book of Genesis."
As already "post-Flood" time information about giants began to arrive from all over the world. The authors of the oldest, having prescription in thousands of years, materials, living on different continents, with different cultures and religions, say almost the same thing.
They should continue to find it is now. In South America, in the area of the river Okovango, during the excavations of ancient settlements were discovered unusually large axes and scrapers, multimeter owned giant. A similar bronze ax put in the collection of the Historical Society of the USA. Its length — more than one meter, width — half a meter, and weight — one hundred and fifty pounds. Age ax is estimated at 49 million years.
In South Africa, in the province of Transvaal, in 1912, a farmer found a footprint on a rock giant human foot. Its size is 1.3 meters in length and 76 cm in width. The following is an exact copy of the left foot of man. The imprint is so clear, that can be seen even tread dirt between his fingers like a footprint left on the soft clay, hardened in the rays of the hot African sun. Exactly the same impression, but the right foot is on the island of Ceylon. The famous Arab traveler XIV-century Ibn Battuta, who visited Ceylon, described this trail. "I had only one desire to visit the holy feet of Adam." Ceylon is famous Adam's Peak, the top of which stands the black rock. It is on it and there is a "foot print of our father Adam." Ibn Battuta determine its size: the length of the foot — 1.5 m and a width of about 80 cm Scientists later found giant growth — 10.2 m
Comparative sizes of the human skeleton and the "giant"
In 1930, near Basarsta miners in Australia on developments jasper often found fossilized footprints of huge human foot. A race of giant people, the remains of which were found in Australia, anthropologists call megantropusami. The growth of these individuals ranged from 210 to 365 centimeters. Megantropusy similar to Gigantopithecus, the remains of which were found in China. Based on the found fragments of jaws and a set of teeth, the growth of Chinese giants ranged from 3 to 3.5 meters and weighs 400 kilograms.
Anthropological Expedition specifically explored this area in 1985, the year for the presence of the remains megantropusov, conducted excavations at a depth of three meters from the ground. Australian researchers have found among other fossilized molar tooth height 67 and width 42 mm. The owner of the tooth must
was a rise of at least 7.5 meters and weighs 370 pounds! Hydrocarbon analysis identified age of the finds, amounting to nine million years.
In 1979, in the Megalong Valley in the Blue Mountains locals found a huge protruding above the surface of the creek rock on which I could see the imprint of a huge foot with five toes. The transverse size of the fingers was seventeen inches. If the print is preserved completely, it would have a 60-cm length. This implies that the person has left the six-meter mark growth.
In the early twentieth century, British paleontologists in the Gobi Desert (South Mongolia) in the rock about 45 years ago millionnoletney discovered fossilized skeleton of humanoid creatures with unusual structure of the body. He had long arms, height — 15 m in length of the lower limbs about seven meters.
In one of the old books, entitled "The History and Antiquity", now kept in the library of the University of Oxford, is a report about the discovery of the skeleton of a giant, made in the Middle Ages in Cumberland. It is a giant, who "buried in the ground to a depth of four yards and is in full military dress. His sword and battle-ax buried next to him. The length of the skeleton 4.5 yards (4 meters), and the teeth of the giant measured 6.5 inches (17 centimeters), "
In 1936, the German paleontologist and anthropologist Larson Kohl found skeletons of giant people on the shore of Lake Eliza in Central Africa. Twelve men were buried in a mass grave had in life increase from 350 to 375 centimeters. Curiously, their skulls were sloping chins and two rows of the upper and lower teeth.
There is evidence that during the Second World War in Poland during the burial of executed was found fossilized skull height of 55 inches, which is almost three times greater than that of the modern adult. Giant, which owned the skull had a very proportionate features and growth of at least 3.5 meters.
Ivan Sanderson, a well-known world-renowned zoologist, once shared interesting stories that he had received from a certain Alan Makshira letter. The writer in 1950, he worked as a bulldozer for road construction in Alaska and reported that workers discovered in one of the two huge mounds of fossilized skull, vertebrae and leg bones. Skull height reached 58 cm, width 30 cm. Ancient giants possess a double row of teeth and disproportionate flat heads. Vertebrae, as well as the skull, had a size three times larger than that of modern man. Tibial length ranged from 150 to 180 centimeters.
Living folk tradition throughout Finland and some parts of Karelia attributes belonging, in some places still preserved burial mounds and stone piles, nefinskomu people that inhabited in ancient times the whole of Finland, northern Scandinavia and even in the present territory of Karelia and Kem Olonets provinces. Finnish name of this ancient people — hiysi. It is titled hiysi, this ancient people in the stories of Finns reputed giants who had the Herculean strength.
Due to the fact that since the beginning of systematic travel and geographical discoveries of the whole earth to the White Sea and then became known, was the need for ethnographic maps, indicating the ethnic groups living in these areas, but with the idea of the north has always been associated "country of giants."
It is known that the "White Sea" — the name of the Russian. Travelers who came to the Middle Ages, to the mouth of the Northern Dvina River, which flows into the White Sea, has already caught the name, which is indicated by the designation of the sea on a map of the most famous sixteenth century cartographer Mercator. By the end of the seventeenth century has finally triumphed Russian name of the White Sea. While in the distant ancient times it was called Gandvik. Interestingly, the "Gandvik" Scandinavians meant "bay monsters."
An excerpt of one of the saga about the opening of Norway begins: "Forniot called King, he ruled over Yotlandom as then called Finland and Kvenlandtom. This king was the great-grandfather of Nora, but other details about him, we do not know. " These lines were written for a time when more or Norway or Finland has not been inhabited historical peoples. The more interesting for us Forniot name itself, which means "giant of former times."
As the population of the northern territories, the Giants went farther north. So Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus (1140-1206 gg.) Mentions that "the Giants are now retired to the desert, which lie on the other side Gandvik, north of Norway." By the way, many peoples (Finns, Swedes, Lapps, Karelians) preserved the memory of the transmigration of "giant people" in the old days.
Arab historian Ibn Fadlan, in the early tenth century to know that "there are in the Volga Bulgar an extraordinary Giant", sent a request to the king himself Bulgar. The king replied that he really was a giant in his country, but he died, and besides, he was not one of his people and "not a real man." "And it was the growth of twelve cubits (about six feet), his head was a large pot, a huge nose, eyes and fingers are enormous. He was from the people of Rural Lands. I saw his bones — they are of immense value, "- said Ibn Fadlan.
Whole — the ancestors of the Veps — have occupied the territory of Karelia to the end I — II Top millennium. e. The first information about the Rural Lands in the Russian written sources refer to 859.
And the Arab traveler, scholar and theologian beginning of the eleventh century Abu Hamid Andalusi also visited the capital of the Volga Bulgar and ran into the same giant adogitov tribe, but of the living. "He took a horse under his arm, as a man takes a little lamb. A force him was such that he broke his hand quietly gaskin and tear flesh and veins, others torn greens "- pointed Andalusia.
We note in this regard that in the VI century AD Yornand Gothic historian wrote of lands located to the east of the Scandinavian Peninsula, that "in this land is very vast lake, from which, as from the womb, go river Vah and rolled rapidly to the Ocean."
Another Russian historian I. Zabelin noted that "in the east of Scandinavia has the largest lake Ladoga, from which, indeed, as from the womb, rolls its waters to the ocean, that is in the Gulf, the river Neva. In addition, the lake is connected to the Ladoga Lake Onega river Svir, and from Lake Onega near the river flows Vig, flowing into a large lake Vig and out, as well as from the womb, which flows into the White Sea and the ocean. "
In this area, according to Yornanda, "there are different ethnic groups, including the Chud, and still further to the east — adogity." Incidentally, the name "adogity" consonant Ladoga and ladozhanam according to Arabic writers.
In the "History" of the Danish King Christian 4 for 1601 is the following curious story. According to legend Lapland elders "was once in Korela and throughout the land of the giant Korelsky named fells. And that was planted knocks on Korelsky possession of Novgorod mayor. He himself was a portly, Ratna people and rati extraordinary hunter. " Once, "the glory of his which came from the shore, with their hands placed a stone in height from the ground, there are now more oblique fathoms. That stone is reputed to this hour "Valitov stone."
Legends of giants until recently could be heard in the remotest corners of Karelia. The most interesting of them — like the legend of Payvie leading back "from a wealthy Korely songs." Payvie of three sons, Olof was the most famous. In the proof of the power of Olof generation to generation the following story: "Once Olof returning from fishing gear and was overtaken by bad weather. Fearing to row against the waves that threatened to sink his boat, loaded with chains and fish, he decided to hit the beach. Usher, he heaved a heavy boat on his shoulders and carried it to yourself. "
Another story was as follows: "If Olof walked through the forest, sees became tries to pick up a stone. A stone was an unprecedented magnitude, which became unable to lift it, why was it quietly roll. Moreover, Olof spying efforts are finally out of her hiding place, laughed and suffered impotence became a stone in place, where to go. "
To this must be added the stories that became ancient Corel perfectly with yyatte (Giant) Swedes and Finns hiysi. Was usually drawn tribe wild. In pagan times they lived in the present territory of Lapland and northern Karelia, on the introduction of Christianity and the rise of a Novgorod retired to another virgin taiga.
In the book, the prominent Russian ethnographer and archaeologist Theodore Schwindt "Folk legends northwestern Ladoga collected in the summer of 1879," which has long been a rarity, provides unique information about the "giants Korelsky ancient land."
"At the Ladoga coast — wrote T. Schwindt — there is a tradition that once lived in these places great people, so-called metelilyayneny or munkkilayneny, which gradually pushed away Laplanders and Finns." Metelilyayneny differed tremendous growth and the incredible noise that they made during its movement through the forest, where, in fact, is their name (from the word «meteli» — noise).
"Legends of metelilyaynenah — points on T. Schwindt — kept almost everywhere, but particularly in their Kurkiyokskoy parish (now the village Kurkiyoki Lahdenpohja region). Probably because in some places there is a lot of real evidence of human activity giant: it is the cleared fields, and occasionally falls into the earth enormous human bones and abandoned metelilyaynenami plows, and the huge trees in the mountains and on the islands " .
NK Roerich. Portrait of Svetoslav Roerich
An outstanding artist and philosopher Nicholas Roerich, as in the early twentieth century in the Republic of Karelia and Finland, showed a keen interest in antiquities and folklore of northern peoples. On the basis of legends he had heard about the "northern giants", he even wrote a poetic tale "Lute-giant", which describes the gigantic tomb of the people:
Knows the grave long …
A length of the graves — thirty fathoms …
Giants demolished stones on the grave.
Had left the Giants, remembers the people. "
Category: Mystery stories