Yesterday the whole country, we are told, celebrated chief prazdnichek — day of.
In general, it is considered as the main name only, and then only at the instigation of the authorities. In reality, the 20 years that have passed since that time, as on June 12 was officially declared our main prazdnichkom, almost half (43%) of the people of the country have not realized that yet, in fact, we celebrate this day. These are the findings of sociological measurements carried out in the past year (today, the survey data is not yet exist). We dare to imagine that a significant portion of the second half of the respondents also do not fully understand the meaning of these celebrations. So, after all that we are celebrating?
Day RF (Up to 2002 prazdnichek was called the days of the independence of the Russian Federation), report to us guides, celebrated every year since 1992 (with a non-working day in 1991), making a day (12 June 1990), the Supreme Soviet of the USSR — at the time, by the way, the supreme authority of the RSFSR — the Declaration of Municipal Sovereignty of the RSFSR. In autumn of the same in 1990 were made in the configuration of the Labour Code, fixing the introduction prazdnichka.
First, as already mentioned, he was named the days of independence (more precisely — days of the declaration of the municipal sovereignty) of. From whom was this "independence", then the citizens of our country, which from that time became known as "Russians", even less understood than at present, and took prazdnichek simply as an opportunity to once a day is not going to work. And in that hour because not oppose the introduction of any there, "Independence Day."
In 1994, the first Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree assigns prazdnichkom national importance — particularly now on June 12 formally became a major prazdnichkom Russia. But the people's love for prazdnichkom this high order and has not added. Then in 1998, Yeltsin proposed to rename prazdnichek a day of. Official bureaucracy still nearly four years digesting this initiative, until finally, in 2002, prazdnichek officially acquired its present name — Day Russia.
A lot of it has caused unless smile — say, from the change of signs insignificance reason (well, essentially) prazdnichka niskolechko not changed. This is both true and not quite so. Yes, the power is almost signed for what to plant even the "Russians" respect for her "heroism" — the proclamation of the "Declaration of Independence" — comes out. Coupled with the fact we must admit a certain wisdom in the idea of renaming. After all, people have not been specifically prazdnichka Russia.
And it is our our homeland, that obviously cost, not to mention the fact that all self-respecting country has its own day in the calendar of public celebrations. It is one thing — some there to celebrate "independence" (it is not clear from whom and from what), and quite another — Day Russia. And so, in recent years we are starting to slowly digest the meaning of the new prazdnichka. Zapamyatyvaya right to our own good, a particular occasion which gave it life. So, by the way, has happened many times in history. Suffice it to recall how our homeland with age digested the same power the Bolsheviks first Russian rivers of blood drenched its vastness, as time has adapted the Soviet power for their own interests.
So, it seems, is with the old days of — the younger generation coming out on June 12, with street and shouting slogans, glorifying their Fatherland, specifically honored their country, Russia, and there is not a "wise decision" by the authorities, who took in 1990 "Declaration of Independence". The meaning and historic occasion — still different things. It would be better, of course, that they were united, but because the story does not recognize the subjunctive …
Yet in the day of the Russian Federation it is worth recalling briefly about "etymology" of prazdnichka. June 12, 1990 — almost immediately after the last candidate member of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee Boris Yeltsin was elected a deputy, and then the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR — the Congress of the Supreme Council accepts the Declaration of Sovereignty of the municipal RSFSR. Fri important this document was the recognition of the rule of the laws of the Russian Federation on the all-Union. Meanwhile it was then, 12 June 1990, under the foundation of the Soviet Union was founded that the bomb that tore apart the majestic government. What kind of example could take with Russian lawmakers their counterparts in other republics of the Russian Union? And only one — to declare independence from the same center. The fate of the Soviet Union was, in fact, sealed deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (the vast majority of which, you recall, were communists). Gorbachev, the then head of the all-Union government had tried to cling to power by organizing the March 1991 referendum in which an overwhelming majority of people were in favor of the preservation of the USSR Russian Union. But Gorbachev (and, unfortunately, USSR) is not bailed out — the process of separatism, launched specifically the RSFSR Supreme Soviet of the Yeltsin years, it was not suspended.
Interestingly, by the way, that we only year back — 20 years later! — Learn the names of those who started the collapse of the mechanism while the majestic power, and who once tried to resist this. By the last year of days of the Russian Federation journalist Eugene Grouse could, in the end, to get and publish the minutes of voting on the Declaration of Sovereignty of the RSFSR municipality. Dry lines puncture shock: a descent 907 (!) Of people's deputies voted "yes" and only 13 — "against." 9 deputies abstained from voting then, 1 — did not vote, and 128 — were missing. After counting protocol captures the mood of the audience: "The decision was made. (Loud and prolonged applause. Shouts Hurrah! Hurrah!) ".
And the names of these "heroes", the applause and shouts of praise mutual start the process of the collapse of the majestic power, our long 20 years of hiding. "Materials vote — explains Grouse — were taken from the papers of the Congress of People's Deputies, which promptly published and there were only deputies and not published anywhere. In the "Bulletin of the UMP" results were also not available. They are generally not published anywhere. Verbatim record of the Congress there — meeting in 6 volumes. Circulation is unknown, probably due to the fact that very small. In the first volume there is a footnote: the results of any roll call vote collected in the 6th volume. But it turns fascinating thing: the sixth volume does not exist in nature. Its just not from afar. The collection was published not one year (From 1990 to 1992.), And the latter is probably just "ashamed" to publish. And it is not the case. It is symbolic that many of the then People's Deputies hitherto occupied or occupied prior to the time nedavneshnego huge positions in the Russian Federation. And in the midst of existing members also have former RSFSR people's deputies who supported the Declaration. "
"Against" vote then only the following MPs: I.I.Aliroev, R.G.Galleev, I.Yu.Kost
oev, V.I.Morokin, A.M.Nehay, S.M.Nunuev, M.G.Sabirov , M.F.Semeykin, G.L.Smolsky, L.S.Sofronov, V.V.Udalov, A.P.Udalova, V.Sh.Fahrutdinov. 9 deputies abstained: B.B.Bogatyrev, V.A.Varnavsky, S.A.Dautov, I.E.Galushko, N.P.Ivanov, Ch.B.Ondar, O.N.Smolin, CU Temirov V.G.Syrovatko.
In fact, those who voted "no", and must be regarded as the true heroes of our nedavneshney stories. After all, they did not vote against the Russian Federation, as such. They voted against that "Russia", which the Supreme Council of the Yeltsin sent down to the borders of the Russian Federation, leaving that to their local ethnocracies millions of Russian who lived in the union republics of the USSR. Our historical homeland, which was done by our ancestors, and which almost always coincide with the boundaries of the Union of Russian, was then 907 "deputies" betrayed and reduced to the limits of "Garden Ring". What right have these authorities to impose upon us the date of the crime as a nationwide prazdnichka?
But the authorities have consistently stand on its own. June 12, 2001, speaking in the Kremlin at a gala reception to mark the days of the adoption of the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Municipal Code (if this was called prazdnichek more so), Russian President Vladimir Putin said: "With this document, marked the beginning of our modern history. Stories of a democratic country based on civilian freedoms and the rule of law. And his main point — is success, prosperity and well-being of citizens. "