The remains of the first emperor of Brazil, Pedro I and his two wives were exhumed after 180 years after his death. The exhumation of the body can completely rewrite the history of the country, reports

Excavations were carried out in strict secrecy from February to September 2012 the historian and archaeologist Valderine Karma Ambiel of the University of Sao Paulo, which hopes to shed light on the history of the imperial family. About three o'clock in the morning the remains were moved from the Imperial Tomb in Independence Park in the building of the medical university. The researchers found the emperor four rib fractures on the left side. One of the broken ribs, probably damaged the left lung, and possibly exacerbated the emperor who had tuberculosis, from which he died at age 36 in 1834.

Injuries were the result of a fall from a horse in 1823 and from the chariot in 1829. Surprisingly, when the coffin was opened, there were no signs or emblems of the five Brazilian medals found with the skeleton. Some historians have argued that the emperor was cremated. This was even evidenced by the inscription on the monument of independence. However, as the exhumation, the first emperor of Brazil, was buried in the Portuguese cavalry uniforms and boots.

Exhumation also dispelled another myth that Pedro I was incredibly high. By today's standards, the emperor with loosely be called a man of average height. At the conclusion of the scientists, the growth of the emperor was 166-173 cm.

The first time, the country's largest hospital complex was used for historical research. Scientists have spent many hours scanning the remains of the emperor, using the latest equipment. The remains of two of his wives, and Dona Leopoldina Dona Amelia Leuchtenberg were also studied. The most surprising thing for scientists is that Dona Amelia of Leuchtenberg, the second wife of Pedro I, was mummified and preserved so well that you can see her hair, nails, and even eyelashes. She has a well-preserved hands, which are still preserved skin, in her hands she holds a crucifix made of wood and metal.

The results showed that the historians were wrong in the causes of death of Austrian Archduchess Maria Leopoldina — the first wife of Pedro I. Previously stated that she fell or was thrown down the stairs in the palace of Quinta da Boa Vista, the Royal family. However, the radiologist could not find her broken bones. The real cause of her death has not been determined.

"The most important historical studies were conducted by professionals using the latest equipment for historical research. Collected material will be the basis for further research in the coming years," — said one of the researchers.
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