For many years, animal trainers, pet owners and naturalists described various kinds of insight animals, indicating that they have telepathic abilities. Surprisingly, what about these events took place a little research. Biologists have a taboo on "paranormal", and researchers and parapsychologists focused (with rare exceptions) their attention to humans.
According to the sample survey in England and the United States, many pet owners believe their animals sometimes communicate with them telepathically. On average, 48% of dog owners and a third of cat owners say their pets respond to their thoughts and silent command. Many trainers of horses and riders believe that horses are able to understand their intentions telepathically.
Some pets even seem to be able to tell when a particular person dials before a ring apparatus. For example, when the phone rang in the house of a famous professor of the University of California at Berkeley, his wife knew that at the other end of the line was her husband because Viskins, their silver tabby, rushed to the phone and scrubbing apparatus.
"When I pick up, the cat's meow expressive issues, which is good to hear my husband tube, — she said. — If you call someone else, Vinskins not respond. Cat meow even when her husband called home from Africa or South America. "
Since 1994, with hundreds of trainers, the shepherds, the blind people with guide dogs, veterinarians and pet owners, I explored some of these unexplained abilities of animals. There are three main categories of seemingly mysterious insight, namely telepathy, sense of direction and a feeling.
Common type of alleged telepathic response — this prediction return their owners, cats disappear when the owners are going to take them to the vet, the dogs know when their owners plan to take them for a walk, and the animals are worried when their owner is calling on the phone before How to answer the call.
As rightly point skeptics, some of these responses can be explained by conventional expectations, subtle sensory signals, random coincidences and selective memory or imagination of caring pet owners. This is a reasonable hypothesis, but they should not be accepted in the absence of any evidence. To test these possibilities, it is necessary to carry out experiments.
My colleagues and I have focused on the study of the ability of dogs that know when their owners are coming home. Many pet owners say their animals are anticipating the arrival of a member of the family often for 10 minutes or more.
Animals usually waiting at the door, window or door. In the study sample of households in England and America, on average, 51% of dog owners and 30% of cat owners said they have noticed this behavior.
I watched a terrier named Jaytee, who owns Pam Smart of Remsbatoma, near Manchester, England. Pam took Jaytee of shelter dogs in Manchester in 1989, when he was a puppy, and they have formed a close relationship.
In 1991, when Pam worked as a secretary in a school in Manchester, Jaytee she left with her parents, who noticed that the dog to the window almost every weekday at 16:30, at about this time Pam went home, and the dog waited hostess came after about 45 minutes of home. She worked in a normal business office hours, so the family has suggested that behavior Jaytee depended on some sense of time.
In 1993, Pam quit and become unemployed, are not tied to any patterns over time. Her parents usually do not know when she will come home, but Jaytee still advance premonition of her return.
In 1994, Pam read an article about my research and voluntarily took part in the experiment. In more than 100 experiments, we videotaped behavior Jaytee, who was waiting for Pam.
Jaytee reacted not only to the sound of a car or truck Pam other family members, he was waiting for her arrival, even if it came in other vehicles: a bicycle, train, taxi.
We also conducted experiments in which Pam returned home unexpectedly, just after leaving home. In these experiments Jaytee still waiting at the window, around the time when Pam came home, though no one knew she was coming back.
The data show that Jaytee reacted to Pam's intention to return home when she was many miles away. Telepathy seems the only hypothesis that can explain these facts. All of our published work with Jaytee and Kane with another dog can be found on my website.
Currently holds Alex Tsakiris replicating this study with dogs in the United States. Details of his research are www.skeptiko.com.