Only in the last two weeks there have been three of the eruption, but the worst to come. Scientists around the world noted a sharp increase in volcanic activity on Earth. Hardly had time to recover from all the dreadful eruption of Eyjafjallajokull that caused the most ambitious since the Second World War, closure of airspace over Europe, as it's time to prepare for new surprises.
Only in the last two weeks was given to know about me as much as three volcanoes in different parts of the world, and this month the seismic activity was registered in five regions, including the south of Russia. And if in some cases you can get away with slight shock, the two volcanoes pose a real threat to humanity.
Will not lead to serious global consequences Ecuador Tungurahua, whose whimsical name is translated into Russian as "fiery throat." While he brings difficulties only to the local population. But do not forget that all live on the same planet, so tons of ash that rose to a height of 4 km, will certainly affect the global climate.
Volcano height 5km began erupting on November 27 and continues to ooze lava flows until today. They have spread to 1 km at its foot. Ecuadorian authorities are in no hurry to evacuate residents, as geologists, watching the eruption, predicting its imminent end.
Last night, the signals of danger came from Indonesia. There's Mount Gamalama height of 1 km 715 m, which forms the entire island of Ternate, suddenly burst into the lava thrown out with the ashes of 2 km into the air. There were no casualties, but panic, this event caused a fair amount. I had to close the local airport as ash significantly reduced visibility. The population of Indonesia terror awaits, will continue.
Terrible is not a separate volcano itself. Everyone will act, so to speak, on its territory, but together they can make a catastrophe of global proportions.
The most dismal predictions have been linked to the newly awakened volcano that December 2 is showing signs of life. It threatens Europe's major disasters. Giant Katla, which is hidden in the thick of one of the largest glacier in Iceland, easily eclipse the achievements of his countryman infamous Eyjafjallajokull. Lost tickets and failed vacation — only a fraction of those ills which can overtake people.
Katla crater diameter is 10 km, so its eruption could cause major flooding, melt the glacier, causing hundreds of thousands of cubic meters of water will rush into the Atlantic, sweeping away everything in its path.
The amount of ash in the air several times higher than its concentration in March last year. Ashen cloud becomes so dense that the sun's rays will be reflected, causing the planet will overtake cooling. On the toxic properties of acrid smoke and can not speak — in a radius of several kilometers of all living things will die.
But that's what scares most. Now geologists say that the eruption of Katla is imminent. A month earlier, scientists have noted the activity of the Bolivian Uturunku who relentlessly rapidly accumulating magma, and so, too, will soon explode. And forecasts for the moment is not encouraging.
Ash and sulfur gases emission can reach the stratosphere and, like a blanket, cover the globe. Then stop sun penetrate into the atmosphere, leading to a decrease in temperature. The gases are converted to sulfuric acid, which will fall to Earth with precipitation. A similar effect can cause a hypothetical nuclear winter.
It is terrible to imagine what awaits humanity if both of the volcano will erupt simultaneously.
PHOTO: Patrick Taschler