Aquatic creatures in the beliefs of the Slavs

In addition to the characters of higher mythology (gods and goddesses) Slavs inhabited as their world and less important creatures: mermaids (spirits of nature, originally lived everywhere in the woods, meadows, valleys, and not only in water), leshimi, water, houses, ovinnikami, swab, and a whole host of other minor gods and spirits, the memory of which has not reached our times.

Water was inhabited creatures that were good or evil inclination, though the water was a saint, but evil beings sends her his servants to poison human happiness. For creatures that inhabit the water belonged primarily mermaid. This name comes from the Celtic word in Russian (ie, water), the root of which was the Russian word track, which means the middle of the river. Mermaid means a resident of the bed.

Living permanently in the water, on the feast of the Lada in the spring when all nature is celebrating the resurrection and return Svyatovit — the sun, they came out of the water and dancing in meadows, forests, fields. Current beliefs represent their self-willed creatures, comic, they blow in the trees, comb hair in the moonlight, sometimes to attack the people and tickle them to death. Mermaids — it being light, almost disembodied, neither good nor evil. They were obviously companions Sofas and therefore portrayed as being amphibious, so the folk traditions place them in the fields and forests of the name or mavok myavok. According to the beliefs Hutsul, myavki spend their dances on the mountain igrets.

Meet the mermaid — not always for the good. Slavs believed that they are particularly dangerous mermaid week — in May. In this magical time mermaid out of water and could tickle to death the first comer.
According to some legends, the mermaid — are peaceful spirits of rivers and lakes, the daughter of the Water, on the other — the deceived girl jumped into the water because of unrequited love. And believe that mermaids are the desires, for this they do gifts — colored ribbons tied to a tree by the lake.
Mermaids seem to occur in real life. According to statistics, one child in 70,000 is born with fused legs. This is a genetic disorder called sirenomelia. From the point of view of physicians — a pathology. And researchers of anomalous phenomena believe that this triggered a genetic memory.

There is a hypothesis that the mermaid — a parallel branch of evolution. Our ancestors came from the seas and oceans to the land, and ancestors were mermaids live on the ocean floor. True, the scientific world about this idea with skepticism.

These creatures belong to a sea maiden. By evil aquatic creatures counted among topeltsy or topelniki and muskrat or sirens Czechs, the Russian water and marsh (devils), which overturned boats, luring people into ruin and destroy the dam, breaking mill. Marsh, reed shelter is evil creatures, and clean water — good. Hence the saying: 'How the devil will fit into the reeds, in what will want to tune plays. "

To land of fantastic creatures belonged forks, which the Serbs were beliefs. Vila portrayed beautiful, but at the same time and belligerent maiden. They often cause people to evil, propitiate the bloody sacrifice, conclude with the heroes of fraternity and help them in the war. Czechs are called divas poludnitsami.

Water — one of the most unusual inhabitants of the lower pantheon of Slavic pagan mythology. Heard about it, almost everything. And almost no one knows what he really is.

Water grandfather, water clown, crowberry, in o n o n a k (chesh. vodnik, serbolu-zhits. Wodny muz, wodnykus, Slovenes. Povodnj, vodni moz, etc.), in Slavic mythology evil spirit, the embodiment of the element of water as negative and dangerous start. Most often appears in the guise of men with some features of animal (paws instead of hands, horns on his head) or an ugly old man, enveloped in mud, with a big beard and a green mustache.

Water correspond with the color black, they sacrificed a black goat, black cock, it was customary to keep the water mills black animals, courtesy of hot water.

According to legends, the Merman had cows in black, he lived in the black water — in fairy tales, in particular serboluzhitskih, tract Chern Water is a meeting place with water. On the left Merman floors constantly dripping water (this can be compared to the special significance of the left side of the devil and other evil spirits.) Water drags people over to the bottom and drowned frightened swimmers.

These beliefs about water-compatible with the legend of the sea (water, pallets) King, reflected in the Russian legend of Sadko. In fairy tales Water seizes its prey, when she was drinking from a spring or well, asks the king grasped or merchant's son as collateral, etc. In Slavic beliefs of a water and sea king can see the reflection of ideas, once refers to a specific god of the sea and water (cf. Autrimpsa Prussian mythology. Neptune in Roman, etc.).

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