Balazs Ismailov — last pilot, retired lieutenant colonel. Almost all his life, he served in the Far East. But it is his explicit side of life, and there is also a secret: he is interested in history, but in the broad sense of the word, and in the narrow.
Ismailov interest aircraft antiquity, he examines them, collects all available information and, if possible, and travels to see for those in museums exhibits that attract his attention as a professional pilot.
— How did the your hobby?
— While serving in the Air, I could not help but think about what people did in the last century, when they were just like me, wanted to fly. Since childhood I was interested in ancient legends and myths of human flight. The very first was the ancient Greek myth of Icarus and Daedalus, I have read in ten years. If you remember, wax, which were stitched feathers in the wings of Icarus, melt the approximation to the sun, and Icarus fell. When I was young, I believed in it.
As an adult, I realized that the end of a myth invented clearly not those who stood at its source, because the higher off the ground, the colder. Therefore, neither of which is melted wax, and there could be no. When I started gathering information about ancient aircraft seriously, was surprised to learn that his grandfather — no mythical and historical person. Wrote about it in his "Metamorphoses" by the Roman poet Ovid. He spoke of Daedalus as the skillful architect and inventor.
— And what happened then?
— I sat down at the book, began to study everything that came to hand. In 80 — 90 years it was quite difficult, Garrison Library were not that poor and miserable. When there was the Internet, it has become much easier. Wandering through the subsoil, the message came across the International Academy of Sanskrit studies. It spoke of an ancient Indian manuscript "Samaranga Sutradhara", which referred to the numerous human flight with some devices, called the vimana.
The word is derived from the Sanskrit concept meaning "heavenly chariot." Vimana were made of metal, sheets of which were fitted very well to each other, and, according to the text, by welding. In the motion, they cited "controlled fire from steel containers." The sound they have a quite remarkable — it was like the roar of a lion, and the traveler in Vimana said that he "could move through the air so high that it seemed a pearl in the sky."
To manage them need to know thirty-two "secret." Then I learned about the other Indian manuscripts — "Vimanika Shastra." It was a section of volume treatise "Yantrasarvasva" (Encyclopedia of cars), the author of which is considered the sage Bharadwaja, which is mentioned in the "Mahabharata". "Vimanika Shastra" was found in 1875 in one of the Indian temples. According to scientists, this treatise was written in the IV century BC, based on even earlier texts, and was something of a practical guide to the construction and operation of Wiman. In this treatise, too, have been described aircraft and equipment on them, only in more detail. According to these descriptions can easily find devices that perform the function camera, radar, searchlight, etc.
Apparently, these devices use the sun's energy. There are descriptions of the various types of weapons, and possessing a destructive force. Curiously, a lot of place in a treatise devoted to the description of clothing for pilots and even their diet. Vimala also described in more famous Indian epics — the "Ramayana" and "Mahabharata". Only in the last epic contains forty-one place where they are mentioned. Speaking of Wiman is not only mentioned in the ancient texts, and a picture — in caves Elolora temple in India.
— It turns out that in those days people knew how to deal with metal-to-date technology?
— Yes, it turns out that way. In 1875, it created a furor, especially considering the level of technology of the XIX century and the complete lack of aircraft, which, as they say, not even in the draft was not. Experts and in the same year, and in our own time have recognized the genuine manuscript. As for the metal, in a treatise he had devoted a special chapter. Metals mentioned three types: saundalika, maurthvika and Somaka. Said about the alloys that can withstand very high temperatures. Another chapter was devoted to optics — mirrors and lenses that can be installed on board Wiman for visual observations. There were seven. One was called "Mirror Pindzhuly" and was intended to protect the eyes from the blinding pilots' diabolical ray "of the enemy.
Incidentally, the energy, the drive vimana in motion, too, was seven, and you can use them as if on queue, the engine switching from one energy to another. Wiman themselves were four types: Rukma Wyman, Wyman Sundara, Tripura and Shakun Wiman Wiman. The first two have a conical shape and the three "tiers", the second — the space for passengers. Tripura Vimana — larger "airplane", which is also can be used as an underwater vehicle. Shakun Vimana — the most difficult technically and structurally.
All four types had a vertical takeoff and could, among other things, to float in the air like blimps, and make a zigzag flight. Interestingly, in his treatise is not only available description of the "aircraft", but also the safety — precautions for long flights, protection from lightning and storms, etc. At its ancient Hindus Wiman fly not only over India, but across Asia and, according to ancient texts, even over the ocean.
— Other countries have found these texts?
— Such texts have been found in Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan, on Easter Island, in China. Chinese documents are very interesting. They can be considered even as a kind of historical chronicles experimental aircraft. Most "young" are dated 2000 BC. In one of these documents, I read that in 1766 BC, Emperor Cheng Tang ordered to build a flying machine, and it was created. However, later, he ordered that it was destroyed. Apparently, he was afraid that the secret of flight falls into the hands of other peoples. Very interesting description of the poet Chu Yun, who lived in the 3rd century BC. He described a flying machine, which personally flew over the Gobi Desert. Description of aircraft are available in oral and folk art of the peoples of Nepal. In Nepalese epics says that the secrets of flight were known only to the so-called yavanas — light-skinned people from the east Mediterranean. Apparently, it is, in particular, and the ancient Greeks, in the myths which, except for the myth of Icarus, there are other references to the flight of a man with some additional tools. There is mention of flying in aircraft and in ancient Babylon.
In ancient Babylonian code of laws "Halkata", for example, states that "manage the flying car — it is a great privilege. Knowledge of the flight — one of the oldest — they are a gift of the gods of antiquity, designed to save lives. " Mention of the aircraft are in the ancient Babylonian "Epic of Etana," written two thousand years before Christ. There are, however, says that the Sumerian king flew the back of a giant eagle. What was this eagle — now extinct giant domesticated bird or eagle epic authors compared the plane — is unknown, but remarkably different: in the epic describes the fact that flying to the "Eagle" man seen from above. Being described as it would be impossible to describe even the tallest tree or rock: reference atmospheric haze, perspective distortion, color mosaic of fields planted with different crops, rivers, strings and more, that I, a pilot, always seen from the cockpit. These descriptions are similar to the sketch of the area that we were in school, flying over various landscapes.
— What can you say about the legendary "Colombian airplane?"
— This is one of the most interesting findings, confirming that in the past people could fly. "Colombian airplane" — gold chetyrehsantimetrovaya figure. More precisely, it is not one of an entire squadron — these figures are found thirty-three pieces! These findings were made in the XIX century, not only in Colombia, but also in Peru, Costa Rica and Venezuela, indicating that their wide dissemination. Usually, they are dated 500 — 800 years before Christ, but to pinpoint the age of gold products, known to be very difficult, and the date may be inaccurate. Figures have a place in museums, and for a long time they were regarded as zoomorphic images.
Thought so until the first third of the last century, because people would have nothing to compare — aircraft that had not been invented! But when invented, we saw that even the appearance of these figures and varied, but the general principle is the design of the plane with the horizontal and vertical tail fin. Most interesting is that the first on the similarities noted not a pilot, and the jeweler Emmanuel Staub. Skeptics continue to argue that these "planes" — nothing like the image of extinct animals.
They think so because in many of the "Airplane" depicts the eyes, toothy mouth. However, experts, including prominent American biologist, writer and naturalist, famous for his works on cryptozoology and Bigfoot, Terence Sanderson, who sent a copy of Staub, "airplane", claim that they are in no way can not be identified with any of the known science of Representatives both fossil and modern fauna of the planet.
For the simple reason that no one bird no vertical fin on the tail! Scientists are not satisfied with this and decided to bring the matter of aviation experts. They were sent a copy of the figures, and all the experts from different countries, not knowing each other, have unanimously declared that they face model airplanes. Airmen identified within the figures cockpit, fuselage, wings, stabilizers, keel.
— And this was the story with the test figures in the wind tunnel?
— In 1956, the "Colombian airplane" and his "brothers" were displayed at the exhibition "Gold of the pre-Columbian America" at the Museum "Metropolitan" in New York. Aircraft designers an American company immediately noticed that figure delta wings and vertical tail. On what and said Sanderson. They somehow there agreed with the Exhibition and tested 'airplane' in the wind tunnel. Suddenly it became clear that the "plane" is best behavior at supersonic speeds, the study of which was in full swing. Began to think about why, and came to the conclusion that the "blame" delta wings and high vertical tail plane. Were connected professionals from the design office of the company, and eventually created the best at that time, supersonic aircraft. Operating under the name "Lockheed."
— If some of the figurines have been found in Peru, then maybe it is with these aircraft led the creators of the mysterious Nazca lines?
— Many researchers aviation ancient people inclined to this view. I also hold this view. But the most surprising thing in this plane than their aerodynamic properties, and icons that they are applied. They are strikingly reminiscent of the Phoenician alphabet. This, in my opinion, suggests that ancient people had intercontinental air message, or how, in the South American subjects Phoenician alphabet? And one more question torments me: where South American Indians could see prototypes for their craft?
— And how can you say found in Egypt image planes and helicopters?
— Only in this way, at that time people were no doubt familiar with the aircraft. While today was not invented the helicopter, the image of the flying machines considered meaningless icons, or rather, could not decipher. They are also found in 1848 in the church of the First Network in Abydos. Image "helicopters" were located right above the entrance to the temple, almost near the ceiling, at a height of about ten meters. This temple was generally a lot of mysterious images that baffled Egyptologists. In the XIX century, they were considered the most ancient mechanisms, and only recently, scientists have come to the conclusion that this image of helicopters, and the data in different ways.
Aviators clearly distinguish the fuselage, rotor, blades, tail. Next to the helicopter were found images of other aircraft, are remarkably similar to modern supersonic fighters and heavy bombers. It turns out that the ancient Egyptians used a military aircraft? This is the question, by the way, asked ten years ago, a very respectable Arab newspaper "Al Sharq al-Awsat," when published photographs of the temple in Abydos.
Started the hype, some even tried to explain the military successes of Pharaoh Seti the First use of aviation, someone shouted that it was all idle fancies. Then the strange images began to study known Egyptologist Alan Alford. He was convincing conclusion that the wall of the temple depicts really helicopters, and with such precision, like an ancient artist made images from nature. Similar images were found in the temple of Karnak. Then someone remembered Egyptologists another curious detail: one of the names of Pharaoh Seti the First was the "bee." Why a bee? Maybe because he was on than fly? Another scandal broke out, it includes a proud supporter of the extraterrestrial origin of ancient Egyptian civilization — the world famous ufologist Richard Hoagland. He claims that the Egyptians descended from Martians once visited Earth.
— You are inclined to believe what?
— I do not believe in aliens, I think that these aircraft, helicopters, Colombian, Indian, Egyptian, and others — the legacy of the old, disappeared somewhere human civilization. In time travel is also not quite believe it. If the Egyptians were traveling to a time machine, why would they, and modern ships do not represent or ballistic missiles? I prefer the version of the historian William Deutsch, that Tutankhamun died in a plane crash. This is indicated by damage to his bones. True, Deitch spoke of balloons, I think the cops were flying more sophisticated devices. In fact, many Egyptian mummies have bone damage, which can be obtained only by a fall from a great height.
— They say that in Egypt and found the "brother" of Colombian airplane?
— Yes, he was found in the burial of the Pas-de-elm, in the tomb Zadoiaga in 1898. Age finds by two thousand years with the tail. "Airplane" is exhibited at the Cairo Museum of History. It's small, fifteen inches in length, made of a very durable and solid wood. It is very similar to the Colombian figures, with the same wings and vertical tail fin. Scientist Khalil Messiha in 1969 gave an exact copy of a wooden figure a motor and a propeller. As a result, the model was able to reach speeds of 105 km / h. Then, after the test, Egyptologists have to dig in the museum and found fourteen similar ancient "airplanes."
— What of all this, can we conclude?
— It is difficult to assume that the people who lived in different times and in different places, give the same description, in collusion. Apparently, the old aircraft there, and I would really like to exercise it are not researchers, single, and created special research institutes. It is time to face the truth and admit that we do not know anything thoroughly from their history.
(According to the site "Airmen and their friends')