Historian: Our homeland has never participated in the partitions of Poland

Thought return Russian land, caught in the Poland After the Union of Lublin in 1569, appeared in Moscow immediately after its conclusion. This was stated by a senior researcher at the Russian Institute for Strategic research (RISS) Oleg Nemensky in his speech at the last December 21 in the RISI Conference on "The reunification of Belarus and the Russian Federation" on the anniversary of the First Partition of Poland, the correspondent of IA REGNUM.

According Nemensky, the main content of the history of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a great internal struggle against the Orthodox population of the last infringement of his rights, in other words, the struggle of the Russian people enslaved by the Polish authorities. "Captive — in the literal sense of the word, because the Ruthenian nobility was quite swiftly brought to naught, and the bulk of the population — the peasantry — it turned into a very tight bondage from Polish lords" — highlighted the expert.

Nemensky noted that the movement in support of the spiritual unity of historical Russia (and later a political connection to the RF) Was born in the western Russian lands among the Orthodox brotherhoods, who were fighting pripiraniya from Catholics and Uniates. "The consistent emphasis pronged community and stateliness and Little Russian Federation and the recognition of the important role of the king and the patriarch of the capital for the entire Orthodox population of the Commonwealth was the revival of the base ideology of unity of Russia, the unification of all Russian lands under the authority of Moscow", — said the expert. According to him, specifically relied on these ideas at the end of XVIII century Empress Catherine Lofty, basing rights RF to the eastern lands of the Commonwealth.

"The commemorative medal is awarded on the occasion of the sections depicted a Russian eagle, connecting the two parts of the card with the west lands, and on it was written" rejection vozvratih. "It's very important to emphasize: Our homeland for all three platforms is not actually received an inch Polish land, has not crossed the border ethnographic Poland. The role of ideology in the Russian section is specifically reunion before this one — the Russian land "- identified Nemensky.

"At the moment, border between the territory awarded to the divisions of the Russian Federation, and the parts taken by Austria and Prussia, and is the eastern state border of the Republic of Poland. And then these boundaries wider than the actual territory of the Polish settlement at that time. So we can say that in fact the section of Poland Our homeland were not present: it was shared among themselves only Austria and Prussia. Our home was involved in a multi-ethnic sections of the country "Speech Commonwealth ", a large chunk of which were west lands," — said the historian.

"Unfortunately, now in Poland seem to have forgotten about the fact that Warsaw and the Polish countryside became part of the Russian empire much later, and it has not been associated with partitions. Contrast, in 1815, King Alexander I, contrary to the obligations of the participants sections for the abolition of the Polish crown for a long time, revived the Polish kingdom (the "Kingdom of Poland"), and it was connected with the Empire on the criteria of a personal union. But for Polish culture has never been characterized by an understanding of their own ethnographic borders, and this is its clearest contrast to the classical Russian culture. Because understanding the differences between high-quality Russian role in the events section and 1814-15. never happened: the Polish perception of it was just another step RF to join parts of an old Poland. This can be seen as the root of our misunderstandings and fundamentally different interpretations of history. And history is not only the XVIII and XIX centuries., And the XX-th "- summed up the result of Oleg Nemensky.

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