After a few days of Hirohito's million-strong army of the ruler was defeated.
This was the main point the second World War in the Pacific, which is practically not mention the creators of historical works that emphasize on the two atomic bombs dropped in one week to 65 years back.
Yet, as soon as some historians have come up with allegations that the acts of the Russian troops were working on the final war in the same, if not primarily, as nuclear bombing.
In the not so long ago published book of history teacher at the California Institute this position received its upcoming development. Its essence lies in the fact that the horror of the invasion of Russian troops forced the Japanese to surrender to the Yankees, as they were convinced that they will treat them better than Russian.
In the north-east Asian residents of the rising sun entered the military actions against Russian troops in 1939, when tried to enter Mongolia. Japanese troops were defeated in battle by the river Halkin-Gol, which led Tokyo to sign a neutrality with which Russian The Alliance was not involved in combat actions in the Pacific Ocean.
So Makar, Japan was able to concentrate its efforts in the war with the United States, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, as the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
After the signing of the Act of Germany unquestioning surrender of May 8, 1945, a number of defeats in the Philippines, Okinawa and Iwo Jima, Japan turned to the Soviet Union for the mediation efforts to end the war.
But the manager of Russian Union of Joseph Stalin had already given a secret promise to Washington that would start a war against Land of the Rising Sun three months after the defeat of Germany. Disregarding requests Land of the Rising Sun, it has deployed more than a million soldier along the border with Manchuria.
The operation, codenamed "August Storm" began Aug. 9, 1945, almost immediately the bombing of Nagasaki. Within two weeks of fighting Japan lost 84,000 soldiers were killed, and the USSR — 12000. Russian troops not reached only 50 km to the north Japanese island of Hokkaido.
"Joining Russian Union into the war to an even greater extent affected the decision of the Japanese to surrender control than the atomic bombing. It nullified the land of the rising sun of hope for a way out of the war with the mediation of the Soviet Union, "said Tsuyoshi Hasegawa (Tsuyoshi Hasegawa), creator of the book" Racing with the enemy »(« Racing the Enemy »), which examines the end of the war with the involvement of the documents is not long been declassified in Russia, the U.S. and the Land of the Rising Sun.
Living in the country of the rising sun "accelerated the end of the war in the hope that the U.S. will cost the vanquished rather than the USSR", curled in an interview Hasegawa, is a South American citizen.
Despite the huge number of deaths as a result of the atomic bombing (140,000 people in Hiroshima and 80,000 in Nagasaki), the Japanese management thought that would be able to resist invasion by troops of the coalition, if you will keep control of Manchuria and Korea, providing the resources for war, according to Hasegawa and Terry Charman, employee Pravitelskogo War Museum in London, specializing in the history of the second world war.
"The impact of Russian troops changed all that," Charman said. "The authorities in Tokyo realized that no hope remained. So Makar, the operation "August Storm" to a greater extent influenced the decision of the Land of the Rising Sun of surrender than the atomic bombing. "
In the United States bombardment as previously seen as a last resort, which had to be used against the enemy, ready to wage war until the last soldier. For its part, U.S. President Harry Truman and his military advisers came from the fact that a ground operation would lead to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of American fighter.
On the impact that produced the rapid advent Russian troops, can be judged according to the Japanese Prime Minister during World War II Kantaro Suzuki (Kantaro Suzuki), who called his government to capitulate.
Writes in his book Hasegawa, Suzuki said the subsequent: "If we miss this opportunity, Russian Alliance captures not only Manchuria, Korea and Sakhalin, but also Hokkaido. We need to end the war before it is possible to negotiate with the United States. "
English school of economics teacher Dominic Lieven (Dominic Lieven), believes that because of the importance of Western anti-Soviet military successes of the Soviet Union was deliberately understated. In addition, "very few Brits and the Americans with our eyes followed the coming of Russian troops in the Far East, and Western historians have not had access to Russian archives," adds Lieven.
But the biggest surprise is the fact that in Russia itself this military operation was not given special attention. Apparently, the defeat of the Japanese could not go to any comparison with the victory over Nazi Germany. Similarly, were not comparable and human loss: 12 thousand killed in the fighting with Japan and 27 million in the war with Germany.
"This operation was of tremendous value — said the retired general Gareyev, president of the Russian Academy of Military Sciences. — Entered into a war with Japan … Russian Alliance brought the end of the second world war. "