For centuries, people around the world talk about their experiences, "clear dreams," dreams in which they realize that they are asleep and dreaming. But thirty years ago, there is no scientific evidence that can be stored in the dream consciousness despite the fact that the mind is studied by science for a hundred years. Most psychologists were convinced that lucid dreams is fantastic.
There were philosophical grounds for such skepticism: the gap between conflicting notions of how to sleep and wake at the same time? It seemed unthinkable, especially those who have never seen a clear dream and not allowed that they can dream of another.
The author and physiologist Stephen LaBerge was one of those who from an early age sometimes seen lucid dreams. Having become older, he decided that his unusual experience of clear dreams could become a fascinating area of research. In 1977 he continued his studies in graduate school at Stanford University, has chosen a direction to explore this new area of expertise. He gradually began to develop a clear incentives dreams, writing their own experiences. For seven years, he has accumulated nearly nine clear descriptions of dreams. But how to convince colleagues in science is that you can keep awareness in the dream?
Stephen LaBerge understood that provide clear evidence of the existence of sleep can only be through direct contact of a person in this condition with anyone awake. The obstacle to this was that in a dream most of the body is motionless sleep. However, psychologists have found that the eyes of the sleeping man did not move spontaneously, and in the direction of the objects that he observes in his dream. William Charles Dement, a sleep researcher at Stanford University, conducted the following study has received wide recognition: he woke the sleeping after he made about twenty repetitive horizontal eye movements. When asked about what he had just been a dream, he said that for a long time watching a game of ping pong! Then LaBerge had an idea. He will try to call in his lucid dream, while his colleagues in science will record the state of his brain, and rapid eye movements to make sure that he is really asleep. Then he sent them to conditioned stimuli, moving his eyes dreamers pre-agreed manner. Since the physical eyes repeat movements dreamers, he would be able to provide objective evidence that he realized the dream. As a result, LaBerge was able to present empirical evidence of the existence of lucid dreams. Now his work and the work of other researchers clear dreams are widely accepted in Western academic circles, and scientific developments in this field have presented a number of excellent methods to help ordinary people who want to maintain awareness in their sleep.
Lucid dreams offer an amazing range of opportunities to those who are interested in study of the nature of the mind. You can simply use a lucid dream holiday? and the range of possible events in a dream will be limited only by your own imagination. If you want to do more important things, you can learn to deal with their psychological problems during sleep or sleep study plasticity, change the content at will. Or maybe you decide to plumb the depths of his own intuitive wisdom. You can, for example, to call your archetype of wisdom: whether the Greek philosopher, the goddess of wisdom, or any other manner is ideal for you insight. Having established contact with him in a dream, you do not refer to an external source of knowledge, but will begin to reveal the resources of its own subconscious, which usually do not have access.
In addition to these studies of consciousness lucid dreams provide an ideal platform for the study of the fundamental nature of dreams and reality, as well as the relationship between the states of sleep and wakefulness. According to the latest research is a fundamental difference between dreaming and imagination on the one hand, and the perception in the waking state, on the other hand, is that the experiences received by us in the waking state, directly caused by external stimuli, whereas imagination and dreams are free creativity, not limited to the physical effects of the environment. According to Buddhist thought, Western science gives us only a part of an existing picture. Buddhism and science converge in the fact that, although the images, sounds and tactile sensation of the surrounding world seem to us really exist, they do not really exist apart from our perception. But Buddhism adds to this that also the mass, energy, space and time? how they are perceived by the human mind? do not exist apart from our perception and umopostroeny. They are no more real than our dreams at night. All phenomena exist only in close connection with the mind of the perceiver, and all mental states are related to the perceived phenomena. We live in an interdependent universe without absolute subjects or objects. With an emphasis on the illusory nature of reality as it appears in the waking, and sleeping, Tibetan Buddhists, more than a thousand years ago formed a system of exercises known as yoga dreams, which uses the power of dreams to clear in order to break our illusions and open the door to enlightenment.
Once doing yoga dreams, you learn to recognize itself in a position clear of sleep, you can start to explore the nature of his own mind and the knowing mind is already in this lifetime. At a more fundamental level, you can explore the nature of the base of consciousness (alaya-Vijnana), individual continuum of consciousness, through which the child develops the mind, while it is in the womb, and in which it is dissolved at the time of death. At the highest level of dream yoga is revealed superior nature of consciousness? nature of the "clear light" or primordial awareness (Rigpa), comprehension of which is of key importance in the Tibetan teachings, known as the Great Perfection (Dzogchen). Each stage of the dream yoga practice leads to an ever-deepening self-discovery, culminating in the achievement of Buddhahood.
The teachings of the Great Perfection proclaim that the only difference between Buddhas and ordinary living beings is the first know who they really are, and the last? no.
The daily practice of dream yoga is based on maintaining the awareness that everything we perceive is illusory. Although it seems to us as if things exist regardless of what else knowing or comprehending [them] of the subject, in fact, they are all "empty", that is deprived of this essential self-existent nature. Descartes' idea of complete separation of subject and object of observation, providing a huge and lasting impact on Western science, is completely denied in Tibetan Buddhism. All mental and physical phenomena are composed of interrelated events: there is no absolute properties having a dividing line between subject and object, mind and matter, or external and internal.
A night of dream yoga practice begins with the awareness that you are dreaming, and maintain this awareness. To achieve such clarity and stability of attention very well at first to master the practice of samadhi, or focus as in the waking state and sleep. Once you reach stability in the awareness that sleep, you move on to the second stage, where learning to manage the content of his dream and transform it. This exercise should not become just feeding his ego, from a growing awareness of your dominant influence on their dreams. Rather, it is a practical method for studying the plastic nature of their dreams and a deeper comprehension of their illusions.
For example, you can set yourself a challenge to learn to pass through the wall. Eventually, the wall of the sleep made of the same material as itself sleep? so why not dream your body to slip smoothly right through the wall occurring in the dream? But when you try to do it, you might find, to their surprise, that after passing the wall halfway, you somehow get stuck in it! This suggests that there are a number of degrees of clarity. You may be aware that you are dreaming, but you have not grown together with this knowledge, so you still can not convert what is happening in a dream the way you want to. (But at the same time you get to fly?'s One of the easiest supernatural abilities, acquired and in a clear dream). Just as a child exploring the world, opening his waking you at this second stage of dream yoga explore the dream world, interacting with the environment, and the experience of learning how all sorts of objects that occur during sleep, are shown relative to their perceiving subject.
Insistent training yoga dreams inevitably activates your subconscious mind, you begin to paint whimsical and sometimes even horrific pictures. It is a unique opportunity to learn how to overcome fear and to penetrate into the essence of the illusory nature of dreams, which is the third stage of the practice. Whenever you dream you feel threatened, for example by kakih-nibud ferocious animals, or hear the roar of wholesome raging fire or water, try to deepen the understanding of the nature of dreams, ask yourself: "Can such illusory phenomena any way hurt my illusory "I"? " And then let the dream you are being attacked by bandits, allow yourself to burn in a fire or drown in the water. After all, this is akin to a rainbow attack to another: as long as you are aware of the illusory nature of sleep, nothing can harm you.
Lucid Dream provides you with an excellent laboratory for the study of the nature of the mind, for everything that you experience in a dream is just a manifestation of your awareness. According to Buddhism the mind has two defining characteristics: clarity and the ability to awareness. "Clarity"? it is the mind's ability to create or "cover" visible manifestation. Exploring the nature of the images which appear in dreams, you start to open the mind's potential luminosity. Then, keeping the awareness that you are dreaming, you can dissolve the landscape of sleep, leaving the mind in a state of vacuum, without any object. It now remains only the ability of the mind to awareness? the mind has no awareness of an object other than himself. In the tradition of the Great Perfection say that we are dealing here with a basic consciousness, which is characterized by three qualities: bliss, light-bearing and lack umopostroeny. Penetrating through the illusion of even deeper, you find yourself in the deepest dimension of consciousness, known as Rigpa, or initial awareness.
According to the teachings of the Great Perfection, as the dream world is manifested from the relative area of basic consciousness and all the worlds that arise in our perception, in the end, are born from non-dual reality of the original space (dharmadhatu) and original consciousness (jnana). Dream Yoga? One way of learning and depths up awareness and understanding its role in the natural world. When the Buddha was asked who he is? man or God, he replied simply, "I am awake." In the deluded dreams pulls us into the illusion, as in the swamp? we think we are awake, and we are suffering, seeing everything that we encounter in the dream as separate from us absolute reality. Similarly, our minds are clouded and during the day, we see ourselves and everything around as the disconnected and unrelated to each other. But just imagine what bliss? constantly maintain clarity when everything is perceived as a luminous manifestation of the deep dimensions of our own awareness. This is the truth that makes us free.
Wake up! Five methods to promote clear dreams
1. Try to celebrate such events in the dream that are not possible in wakefulness. Something strange is happening? too weird! And then you'll suddenly realize that you must have been asleep! Celebrate the sudden change of place. For example: you are in London, and the next moment? already in New York. Or this: you are involved in a conversation with an old friend, and a minute later it turns into a poodle, gnawing a bone. Or do you dream about some unthinkable nightmare, but as soon as you tell yourself that everything is too unusual, you will be able to recognize that you are dreaming.
2. Prepare yourself to work with dreams, noting all anomalous events that occur during the day when you are awake. Whenever they happen, ask yourself, "Am I dreaming?". And if you're going to be doing it often enough, it is possible that in the end, you will be able to ask themselves the same question in a dream and get an affirmative answer.
3. In order to know for sure whether you sleep or not, look in the dream of some reading material. Try to read and memorize every line of text found, then look away and look back at him. The fact that psychologists have found that 75% of the text during sleep when re-reading is changed, the third time the chances of it will change to 95%.
4. You can call a lucid dream using the "prospective memory". When we are awake, we are easy to remember what needs to be done in the future. For example, you "tie a knot" in memory, indicating to you that on the way home from work, you'll need to go to the grocery store. In the same way you can develop during the day determination to realize the night in a dream that you are sleeping. You can direct effect on prospective memory realization that events and developments in the dream too outlandish for reality, and it can serve as a key for the recognition of the fact that you are dreaming.
5. When falling asleep, try not to "fall through" in a dream, and keep a clear mind. This is perhaps the most sophisticated way of calling clear dreams, the trick is to keep a clear perception in the period of relaxation and sleep. When the physical sensations are gradually switched off, you can consciously enter a phase of objectless awareness. It? clear state of dreamless sleep. From this state of mind devoid of objects may suddenly appear a dream, and you can immediately recognize it. The challenge now is to stay in the dream and still maintain the awareness that you are dreaming, and that requires some practice. But once you get to achieve stability in the experience of a clear dream, and that's when the real adventure begins.
Translated by Dmitry Petrenko