Iranian anti-tank systems with a Russian roots

In early July, a month from Iran came news of a brand new type of arms show in this country. It was reported that on July 6, with the participation of Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Vahidi A. accomplished festive opening ceremony of a new industrial band anti-tank missile complex Dehlaviyeh. New ATRA was named after the town of the province of Khuzestan, in which, among other things, was killed by the first Secretary of Defense of the Islamic Republic of M. Chamran. During the festive opening ceremony of the production were announced some details of the project, which is also called the public response to the post-Soviet space.

The specific reaction of professional and amateur military equipment was caused submitted photo ATRA Dehlaviyeh. In transport-launch containers and rockets of this complex were identified immediately relevant features of the Russian anti-tank systems "Cornet". In turn, the statements of the Iranian military and designers relative to the laser guidance system have left no hesitation — Dehlaviyeh is something based on Russian design. But some reservations about borrowing Russian technology was fabricated, and that was the premise of special reaction to the news. A certain piquancy of the situation with a "pirate copy" added the absence of any severe reaction from the Tula Instrument Design Bureau, which was created in "Cornet".

First, it should be noted that the suspicions against Iran are without some justification, is not only associated with the appearance of the complex. A couple of years back the Iranian industry has been able to master the creation of an anti-missile system, made on the basis of the South American BGM-71 TOW, and received the name Toophan. Because copying another 1st reference was to a certain kind of expected and not very unusual. It only remains to find out what method of Iran received Russian ATRA. The basis for the Dehlaviyeh, likely to become export version of the Russian complex "Kornet-E." Specifically, these anti-tank systems were delivered in 11 foreign countries, among which, but it was not Iran. Yet, from 35-40 thousand made missiles of "Cornet-E" for the majority of the contracts went to countries in the Middle East region. Specifically, these units and could be the basis for Dehlaviyeh.

As an informal "investigation" experts and fans remembered a few noticeable events is not so distant past. A couple of years back a certain number of systems "Kornet-E" was in the hands of the organization "Hezbollah." Some missiles were used during the second Lebanon war in 2006. According to the available disk imaging, a certain number of these complexes as booty was captured by Israeli soldiers. The presence of Russian anti-tank systems, the parties of the conflict in the Middle East has become almost a prerequisite for international scandal. But Israel has decided not to inflate the next conflict, and all ventured comparable peaceful. In February 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin said after the investigation of the incident with the "cornet". It turned out that the "Hezbollah" has received anti-tank in Lebanon, where they remained for some reason, after the withdrawal of Syrian troops. Certain assumptions on which anti-tank remained in Lebanon have not been named. According to the results of the investigation have been taken, and the Russian-Syrian agreement on the avoidance supplemented Fri getting weapons to a third party.

At the same time, the international agreement could not affect the already occupied "Hezbollah" in Lebanon or the remaining complexes. Accordingly, the same "third country" fully able to convey a certain amount of "Kornet-E" to the Iranian side. It is said that there are other versions regarding the hit Russian anti-tank systems to Iran, but they look the least reasonable and harmonious. For example, one version for looted Libyan warehouses from which have been taken and the same complex prototypes. Only this version has a bug: even if the "Kornet-E" really were stolen in Libya, then to smelters in Iran, the research and the establishment of production would require a lot of time and creation are unlikely to have time to start in July 2012. Although, except for some moments, the Lebanese track also looks quite plausible.

If Dehlaviyeh really was copied from the "Kornet-E", then you can most likely read a little bit of its properties. Calculation of the complex of 2-man leads him into firing position in less than a minute, then can create attack targets at ranges of 100 to 5500 meters. The tandem shaped-charge warhead missiles 9M113-1 provides a homogeneous metal armor penetration width of 1200 mm. In the shelling of concrete goals depth of penetration increases up to 3 meters. The guidance system controls the flight of the rocket weapon with a laser beam. Methodology guidance received the title of "laser trail": land part of the complex directs the laser beam to the target, along which tries to fly a rocket. So Makar, in contrast to the guidance on radiation reflected goal ATRA "Kornet-E" is even the least sensitive to the means of optical countermeasures. In terms of management by wire, by comparison with that of a system of "laser trail" in no way limits the speed and range of the missile. Flying characteristics of ammunition in this case, only limited features of the rocket motor.

In defense of Iranian engineers is to say that Dehlaviyeh not far away is a wholly-owned copy of the ATGM "Kornet-E", even at the level of equipment. Russian complex equipped with thermal imaging equipment for the fire at night criteria. On the export versions of night sight set 1PN79 "Metis-2." Are big and the device is one of the respective outer signs of the Russian anti-tank missile system. Exhibits on display at the Iranian ATRA, in turn, these "boxes" no. Accordingly, there is provided the possibility of firing NIGHT MODE or in adverse weather conditions. There is some possibility that in the future will Dehlaviyeh thermal imaging equipment. But the chances of that are slim, at first because of the state of Iran's industry and the lack of any ties with vsepolnotsennyh zabugornom manufacturers. At the current time on Iranian enterprises run several older models of thermal imagers, but their comparability with the complex Dehlaviyeh doubt. In addition, outdated equipment is not able to provide a suitable detection range and shooting targets, at least on the level of old times "Kornet-E" — 3500 meters.

Regardless of the origin and assembly, Dehlaviyeh is satisfied exciting project. Priemuschestvenno it fascinating that is created is not the most common time in the modern history of Iran. International sanctions and other economic and political difficulties are forcing Tehran without the help of others to strive for their own safety. In addition, the management of the Islamic Republic is serious about the possible war in the not to distant future, and therefore tries to promptly update their very military. On the example of running in the creation of an anti-complex way it looks then. Realizing the impossibility of creation of its design from scratch or even a full copy zabugornogo standard (due to lack thermal sight), the Iranians still carry out reverse
engineering and start creating. Of course, without the ability to fire anti-tank systems Night — by today's standards is not the best tool. But against the background of the rest of the weapons available in the military, even such "stump" will be very useful in case of a military conflict. Either way, the current situation in Iran does not have to choose — the war could start at any time or did not start in general. Despite the militaristic plans of foreign countries, updating the army it will not be superfluous, even if such "piracy" means.

According to the materials of websites:
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://periscope2.ru/
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/
http://btvt.narod.ru/

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