Istomin Vladimir Ivanovich — the pride of the Russian fleet and the hero of the defense of Sevastopol

Heroic defense of Sevastopol during the Crimean War, led by Vice Admiral Vladimir Kornilov. The coming of His assistant was Vice-Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov, managing Southern defense of the town. But the command key sector of defense, the main position of the left flank — Malakhov Hill, Nakhimov entrusted to Rear-Admiral Vladimir Ivanovich Istomin.

The future hero of the Crimean War, Vladimir Istomin was from the nobility of Pskov province. His father, a collegiate secretary, had five sons. They all then devote himself seamanship. The initial formation of Vladimir got home, after he entered the Sea Cadet Corps. He graduated in 1827, a midshipman, for their hard work and outstanding opportunities could be to warrant officers, but not approached by age.

First years of sea service Istomin held on eminent battleship "Azov" under the command of Captain 1st Rank Misha Lazarev — discoverer of Antarctica, the future famous admiral. They say that Lazarev was a "flair" for professional young sailors, because not the case on the same ship were Nakhimov and Kornilov.

Soon the 74-gun "Azov" participates in the Battle of Navarino. Awards Istomin in this battle have been personally marked squadron commander Heydens graph in the report on the awarding of the Order of St. ZHoru 4th degree. For bravery and distinction in battle 18-year-old midshipman was promoted midshipman.

The next 5 years, Vladimir Istomin served on the "Azov". Improving its maritime education was held at the time Russian-Turkish War, was associated with the protection of the Greek archipelago, the role in the blockade of the Dardanelles and Constantinople. Spare time was devoted to studying the young midshipman militarysea stories, both Russian and zabugornoy, the unit of foreign ships sciences. Such a craving for knowledge Istomin kept in throughout their lives, not in vain, he was considered one of the most educated and experienced sailors. In 1832, Vladimir was transferred to the vessel "Memory of Azov," he continued to follow the service in the Baltic Fleet, through year was promoted to lieutenant.

In 1834, the commander of the Black Sea Fleet has been appointed Mike Petrovich Lazarev, who from the first day began to gather around him educated, enterprising officers loyal seamanship. Specifically, at his request Istomin was transferred to the Dark Sea, where he served aboard the "Warsaw", participated in a cruise off the coast of the Caucasus.

In 1837, Lieutenant Istomin takes command of the steamer "North Star." In August of the same year, on board the vessel to carry up swimming Emperor Nicholas I and his wife. For the best travel company ruler gave the ship's captain with 2 rings with diamonds, the Order of St. Vladimir, 4th degree, gave the order to issue a one-year salary salary.

Later Vladimir Ivanovic, who commanded the schooner "Swallow", was one more title captain-lieutenant. In 1840, took command of the corvette "Andromache", in 1843 — the frigate "Cahul". This frigate has rightly become known as the best time of the ships on the Black Sea Fleet.

A couple of years Istomin, again on advice Lazarev, was transferred to the disposal of Prince Vorontsov, who needed an experienced and knowledgeable officer "for the development of local marine issues." Over 5 years of service, Lieutenant-Commander captured the respect and trust of Vorontsov, many of his advice was invaluable in the land and naval operations in the area of the Caucasus. In 1847 he participated in the Dagestan campaign, in taking Gergebil and Salta. For outstanding awards in the fighting Istomin produced initially a captain of the 2nd rank, and in early 1849 he was promoted to captain of the 1st rank.

In 1850, the young captain has commanded the 35th naval crew, under the command of his 120-gun ship "Paris." The upcoming service was related to the continuation of cruising in the Caucasian coast. In 1852 he was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir 3rd degree "for the good service." In 1853 he took part in the naval battle of Sinop. In its own report to the chief of the Head of the Naval Staff to Prince Menshikov Nakhimov squadron commander said the brilliant leadership Istomin "Paris" during the battle with the Turks, its stunning and effective action, fearlessness and fortitude. Specifically for battle of Sinop Vladimir I. promoted to rear admiral. Epaulettes Admiral Istomin officers were awarded the 'Paris'. Touched by their attention, the captain promised not to shoot them never to them it will be buried later.

Beginning of the Crimean War, served as a landing Anglo-French troops in the Crimea. Most of the Black Sea fleet was scuttled in the Sevastopol bay. Mariners had to take part in the land defense of southern stronghold of. Apart from the protection Mahalova mound Istomin at the direction of Nakhimov, kept the defense of the 2nd bastion of the Selenga and Volyn redoubt.

Always at the forefront, without rest or sleep, Vladimir Ivanovich, as claimed by witnesses, was a model of fearlessness, unusual calm. Even in the most critical moments of languid and did not lose courage and clarity of thought. During protection Malakhov Istomin was wounded wounded, every day exposed to the deadly threat, many officers admired his courage. Rear Admiral always personally managed the installation of tools and equipment batteries.

During the 1 st of rich Russian shelling enemy positions, VI died, struck in the head by the kernel. It happened on March 7, 1855. His death was a great loss not only for the defense of Sevastopol, and for the whole of the Russian Navy.

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