As you know, one of the world's PP was created specifically in Italy, the company Vilar Peroz. It was the designer Benedetto A. Revelli. The gun shown in 1915, represented a "Spark" of 2-PP with a record low coasting speed. The gun was produced under Italian 9×20 mm pistol cartridge Glizenti, who had a somewhat higher power than parabellumovsky cartridge, and, in addition, — more languid sharp-nosed bullet. Shops were placed on top, at the ends of stems strengthened highest bipod, and a plate receiver boxes were attached to the handle dual machine gun fire control with separate trigger, something like the easel "Maxim". Apart from the terrible awkwardness and a large mass of PP "Vilar Peroz" had a very low sighting range and rate of fire over 2000 rounds per minute. When a similar bouquet "virtues" this is not the gun, not the rifle, of course, nothing except prirekany cause I could not. But soon after the First World War, this type of PP was the basis for a unique way to own guns — "sports" machine pistol!
First 20's B. Revelli designed light carbine on the basis of "half" PP "Vilar Peroz." Keeping the main components of its own ancestor, a new tool that has received index OVP, received more than very long trunk, unacceptable for hand guns with trigger handle gave way to the normal trigger mechanism and a comfortable tree-butt to the neck, for the butt pad to mount the receiver. Shop is adjacent, as before, top, sighting device for shooting at a fixed distance of 100 m has been shifted from the axis of the tool to the left. By indisputable advantage is the presence of gun-fire selector configured as a 2-tandem triggers, because the automatic mode OVP rate exceeded 1,100 rds. / Min! In addition, the PP was immensely long and fairly vile balanced. But with all this — in Italian subtlety and elegant.
The Italian army initially showed little intrigued in a new swatch — the war ended, means, as usual, the defense is not enough. But after coming to power of Benito Mussolini Vilar Peroz company received a large order for the OVP, which became a mass scale by the armed police, the army, too — in the civilian and the party organizations of the original military training. There he used the (official) as … PP sports. That is curious, for some small sports disciplines could organize competitions with the introduction of automatic weapons?
Either way, just for the army, the police and the Italian counterpart DOSAAF was released about 180 thousand OVP, which by the beginning of the second world war were already obsolete instrument. All the same, a certain amount of PP came into service in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Finland. However, the use of this weapon in combat data found.
Instrument for the Carabinieri
When listing the leading European manufacturers of small arms weapons among the first to call, usually a company Pietro Beretta. In the years before the second world war, its designers have created some very successful and reliable sample was in service, not only in Italy, and in allied countries along the line.
During the First World War, 1916-1918 gg. gunmaker Beretta company was created by Tommaso Marengoni very compact lightweight rifle chambered M1918 Glizenti. Outside his form repeating entered service in the Italian army and the police Mannlicher-Carcano rifle, facilitating retraining. Like the layout, I had a rifle Marengoni changeover triangular bayonet. The gate was semifree, the original fixed-point shot in the frontal position at a small angle of rotation around the longitudinal axis. Yet, the rate of fire was very high — about 900 rds. / Min, which was justified by a small length of the slide box and the relatively highest capacity cartridges. Selector fire was out — felt that its introduction into the design unacceptable complicate it. But the experience of the introduction of martial showed that the 25-cartridge horn consumed in a matter of seconds because of the carabinieri and police began to be produced on the outside is no different from the first one self-loading rifle.
The only drawback was the top M1918 placing the store, which has a negative effect on the balancing tool. In 1930 the rifle was changed — the neck of the shop moved down and bolt the box to lengthen. Refreshed tool received a sector sight for firing at a range of up to 500 m index it was changed to M1918-30. As such, the instrument was used in a limited second world war — namely, Africa and the Ukraine. After the war, M1918-30 semi-automatic version continued to be issued as a weapon of initial training and sports rifle.
The coming global war sought the creation of a more severe PP, without any exaggeration of military weapons — with an adequate reliability, and combat and operational features. In 1936-38 yy the firm Beretta was made itself PP received index M1938A.
It was quite powerful and heavy gun with wood stock and a longish lodge. The trunk was completely enclosed. On the muzzle compensator had effective. As the fire selector was used for the Italians have become classic tandem triggers — wheel — for a single lamp and rear — for continuous. Feed system produced from conventional stamped box magazine capacity of 20 or 40 rounds. The only step backwards was the use of low-power Browning 9mm cartridge 9M1938 that, in general, somewhat reduced the rate of fire and did not lead to a loss in the range and destructive power thanks to a longish stem and well-calculated internal ballistics. Sector sight was notched at ranges up to 300 meters. PP had two fuses — sliding "bumps" on the tripping arm allowing the shutter to capture the frontal position, and the safety lever on the left side of the neck of the stock.
Made of good steel, superbly reliable and good at shooting, PP "Beretta" M1938A is widely used both during and after World War II. Its serial production curtailed only in the 1950s. in connection with the transition to more advanced models.
As in at least some other belligerent country, in Italy seriously raised the issue of improving the technological properties of bulk products such as PP army. T. Marengoni, who by 1940 the main designer of office Beretta, obsessed with creating such a reference apparently under the influence of folmerovskogo MR-40. The new gun, entered service in late 1940 and named "Beretta I», although it was, in fact, the most profound modification of the previous model, there has been a lot in common with his German counterpart. Even purely from the outside, they were identical — "Beretta I» was naked trunk, folding stock, pistol grip beveled. Cartridge was used for shooting 9×18 «Parabellum." However, in the design provides improvements such as fire selector (tandem triggers), two fuses, as in the previous model, muzzle compensator, also reduced to the required minimum slot in the slide box for the shutter setting knob. Regarding the MP-40 was facilitated procedure for assembly and disassembly. By the shortcomings of the system should include its enormous mass, the extra lightweight sighting device that allows for a fire at a distance of only 100 m (on the other hand, more rarely needed), the inability to expand and add a turning shoulder rest join in the store.
PP "Beretta I» was released in relatively small amounts — about 2,000 copies — and was in service with the Italian paratroopers. But as in the case of LL-40 on the basis of which was designed weighted MR-41 "Beretta I» modernized version created for the army. On a technical level, the differences were small — wood stock with a fixed neck, trunk milled with longitudinal ribs for the best cooling and shorter neck stores — but clean outside PP began to look respectable. The mass production model of the Army, received the name of M38/42, once again stresses the continuity with the M1938A, has been launched in 1944, but the peak of production fell already in the post-war years — M38/42, manufactured in 3 nekordinalno differing versions, was a huge spread in some countries in Europe, also in the south-east Asia and Latin America.