The moon on March 19 will come to Earth at the closest distance since 1992. Once a lunar perigee, or as scientists call it half-jokingly, "superlunie", the satellite closer to Earth's surface at a distance of 356.5 million kilometers. According to some scholars, the event, which astrophysics and photographers waited for 19 years, natural disasters threaten the world.
As the newspaper writes Daily Mail, on the eve of the lunar perigee-2011 Internet flooded with alarming predictions of scientists that "superlunie" can cause major changes in the Earth's climate. This, in turn, will lead to earthquakes and volcanic activity around the world.
The previous phases of the closest approach of the planet and its space satellite took place in 1955, 1974, 1992 and 2005. It was during these years, meteorologists recorded the extreme weather conditions that led to a series of large-scale natural disasters. Thus, a powerful tsunami that killed thousands of people in Indonesia, there was only two weeks before the perigee in January 2005. And during the celebration of Christmas in 1974 Cyclone Tracy devastated the Australian city of Darwin.
Moreover, the critical approach of the moon affect the Earth's climate is not only in the days when the satellite reaches perigee, the nearest point to the Earth the Moon's orbit, but in the years that followed. For example, according to the head of the laboratory at the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia Nicholas Siderenkova, heat waves, recorded last summer in the European part of Russia — a manifestation of cyclical fluctuations in the Earth's atmosphere. Cyclical temperature anomalies, according to the scientist, fit into a specific sequence of the lunar cycle of tides, as well as cyclical changes in distance between the Moon and the Earth — the passage of the satellite through the point of perigee and apogee.
Meanwhile apocalyptic expectations in a hurry to refute the skeptics. Thus, according to Pete Wheeler of the International Centre for Radio Astronomy, wait until the end of the world is not worth it. "Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, of course, would be, but not more often than they usually occur on the planet — said Wheeler. — Just the level of the tides will be higher than usual."
Wheeler echoed by Australian astronomer David Reneke. To convince the scientist, conspiracy buffs will find a way to link any suitable natural disaster to the desired day and blame "superlunie" in the next cataclysm. "If you make enough effort, you will be able to link any natural disaster with what you like heavenly body — a comet with a planet to the Sun" — said Reneke, reminding about the recent "parade of planets" from which also waited for disasters throughout the solar system.
Scientists, skeptics tend to view the next approximation of the moon to the earth's surface, rather, as a boon to science. After all, the ongoing monitoring of the satellite allow researchers to better understand the structure of Earth's interior.
So, in January of this year, it became clear that the lunar core, like Earth, has a liquid foundation. NASA specialists managed to fix it thanks to new techniques that are used in decoding the signals from seismic sensors on the lunar surface crew of the American Apollo space mission in 1971. According to the researchers, in the depths of the moon lies a rich solid metal sphere of radius 241 km, framed by a liquid metal loop with a radius of 330 km. This information sheds light on the mysteries of the Earth's core, as well as the evolution of the "lunar dynamo" — the magnetic field, due to which, according to astrophysicists, appeared and formed our satellite.