Six thousand years ago on the shores of the Persian Gulf Sumerian civilization existed, which left behind a number of clay tablets in cuneiform speckled. The panels brought us myths, historical chronicles, codes of law, economic documents, personal letters. Whole libraries of clay tables have been found by archaeologists in the ruins of Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, and in other major ancient city of Mesopotamia — Nippur. However, despite this seemingly huge amount of information in the history of the Sumerian civilization is a lot of mysteries. And one of them is connected with the texts of clay tablets …
According to the transcribed texts, the ancient Sumerians had detailed information about the universe, the stars and planets, has extensive knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, medicine, metallurgy, agriculture. Another six thousand years ago, they knew that the Earth revolves around the Sun. That Sumerian astronomers divided the sky into twelve zodiac signs. They knew all the planets of the solar system and the history of their origin. But, for example. Uranium was "officially" opened in 1781, and Pluto — only in 1930!
As they say, clay tablets, 4 billion years ago, our solar system invaded visitor from deep space — Nibiru, wandering celestial body the size of Earth. As calculated according to NASA experts clay tablets, a celestial body moving at a speed of approximately 65,000 miles per hour. While the Sun (Apsu) attended Mercury (Mummu), Venus (Lahamu), Mars (Lahmu), the planet Tiamat and his companion Moon, Jupiter (Kishar), Saturn (Anshar), Uranus (Anu), Neptune (Ea) Pluto (Gaga). They all moved in orbits around the sun counterclockwise. When a mysterious Nibiru entered the solar system, he was in the gravitational field of the sun and captured them, went on an unstable orbit, rotating clockwise and being exposed to the gravitational fields of other planets. In turn, by the gravitational field of Nibiru closest to the planets of the solar system it started happening disasters. Hardest hit Tiamat. It began powerful tectonic processes that result tore the planet in two. One of them, together with the satellite Tiamat — the Moon, was thrown into a different orbit and continued its life under the name of Earth. Another part of the lost planet broke apart and formed the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
A Nibiru? Under the forces caused by the disaster with Tiamat, he also moved into a new orbit, to the very periphery, and became the tenth, the most distant planet in the Solar system. In science and science fiction it is called Transpluto.
Maybe this story — only one more fiction? But in 1766, a German astronomer, physicist and mathematician Johann Titius formulated, and the other a German astronomer, Johann Water, justified the so-called "Titius-Bode law." This rule defines a pattern: at what distance from the Sun to be planets. So, this law provides for the existence between Mars and Jupiter "planets N 5", which actually is not!
The fact that the rule "Titius-Bode" is true, proved subsequent discovery of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Indeed, in 1772, when Bode published the results of their calculations, these planets were not known to astronomers. And in 1781, opening Uranus — the rule "works"! It was then for the first time raised the issue of "planet N 5" …
The first public discussion of the problem was in the Astronomical Congress in 1796. "Planet N 5" was hard to search, and in the first New Year's Eve XIX century Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi discovered it.
But it was not a planet in the "normal" sense, but a celestial body is extremely small dimensions. Tiny planetoid named Ceres. In 1802, opened its "sister" — Pallas, in two years — Juno, three years later — Vesta … It gradually became clear that between Mars and Jupiter, where by all accounts should be "planet N 5", circling around the sun many tiny planetoids — asteroids. And immediately there was a question — How did this "swarm"?
This question is asked a German astronomer Heinrich Olbers, who discovered Pallas and Vesta. He first suggested that "the planet N 5" exploded, creating a cloud of asteroids and space dust.
On the clay tablets of ancient Sumer, telling about the crash, which happened to the planet Tiamat, was not yet known. But in Europe was well known to the ancient Greek myth of Phaeton, the son of the Sun. Once Phaeton without permission father brought golden chariot drawn by a pair of fire-breathing horses, and raced across the sky, but could not cope with wild horses, could not send his father's chariot on the way, he slept all life on Earth, and he was killed, incinerated by lightning. This event caused a catastrophe on Earth …
In the early 1970s, was calculated estimated mass "planets N 5" and the time of its destruction — 16 million years ago. And that's what caused the destruction? Here while many uncertainties.
Hypothetical "Planet N 5" since Olbers called Shay. But it seems that the ancient Sumerians knew and its other name — Tiamat. And the Sumerians knew that the crash, which happened with Phaeton, Tiamat's not the fault of the golden chariot, and another celestial body — Nibiru, it is the same — likely Transpluto. So far, all attempts to find it ended in nothing, although the presence of the solar system some extraneous gravitational field, which has no relation to the known planets, there is a long time. In the 1980s, the American spacecraft "Pioneer" and "Voyager" as they approach the edge of the solar system were suddenly more deviate from the calculated trajectories. Calculations showed that the deviations are due to the presence of a gravitational field of unknown planetary mass, which must be located beyond the orbit of Pluto at a distance of about 50 astronomical units. And in 1997, U.S. astronomers announced that they discovered a small planet on the periphery of the solar system. Does not yet called the cosmic body, perhaps they should consider the Sumerian Nibiru, the tenth planet of the solar system.
The newly discovered planet is an astrophysicist at Cambridge at number 1996TL66 sufficiently massive and spans 490 kilometers. It revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit, approaching him at a minimum distance of 35, and retired to a maximum distance of 130 astronomical units (one astronomical unit is the distance of the Earth from the Sun, which is 150 million kilometers). This is significantly more than the orbit of Pluto and Neptune. Already found several of such bodies in the area, called "Cooper's belt", which is far removed from what is called the Oort cloud, where "born" of the comet. Opening a small planet on the edge of the solar system may promise a lot of new surprises …
Authors: A. Nizovskii, Nepomniachtchi NN
Category: Mystery stories