The first information about Shambhala came to Europe at the end of the Middle Ages through the stories of travelers in the East Asian. The first of the mysterious country told Portuguese Jesuit missionaries Esteban Kachella and Joao Cabral. In 1628, trying to pass from Bhutan to Cathay (Cathay), that is, in China, which at that time were rather meager information they learned about the existence of the country unknown to them — "Ksembala" (Xembala). Bhutanese government told them that this is a very famous country and its borders with another state called Corn.
Of such a response Kachella concluded that Ksembala — this is Kathy, as he communicated information — Ksembaly huge size and its proximity to the possessions of the Mongols — corresponded to how Cathay China depicted on maps.
After that, took a trip to Kachella Ksembalu, and managed to reach the city of Shigatse in the possession of the Panchen Lama (that is Tibet). Here at the beginning of 1629 came from Bhutan and his companion Cabral. Travelers, however, quickly realized that were not in the kata, a country that is on the European maps of the time was called the Great Tatars. Another European traveler — Hungarian Chema de Koros, who visited Bhutan and Tibet in the early XIX century, complemented with the Portuguese monks. In a brief article he published in 1833 in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Qureshi, in particular, reports that Shambhala — is "a mythical country, located in the north" and that its capital is Kalapa — "a beautiful city, the residence of many famous kings of Shambhala ".
Calling Shambhala, "a mythical country," de Koros nevertheless indicates its relatively precise geographic coordinates — "between 45 and 50 degrees north latitude, across the river Sita or Jaxartes." *** All these scanty information about Shambhala long remained the property of a narrow circle of geographers and orientalists. It was only in the second half of the XIX century by theosophical teachings of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky legend of Shambhala became known to the public.
Constituting a single esoteric doctrine — "the original revelation to mankind" — Blavatsky turn to the ancient mystery cults and teachings, preserved in its opinion, the remains of an ancient tradition. In his major work, "The Secret Doctrine" Blavatsky (referring to the publication Chema de Koros and reports German travelers to Tibet Schlagintweit brothers) mentions Shambhala and the sacred book "Dus-Kyi-Khorlo" ("Cycle Time"). The information contained in this book is the system of Tibetan mysticism, according to Blavatsky, as old as man, practiced in India and Tibet, long before Europe became a continent (!), Although the first information about it there were only about a thousand years ago.
"In the depths of the Trans-Himalayas — writes Blavatsky — too generally refer to Tibet, in the most inaccessible areas of deserts and mountains to this day lives esoteric" Good Law "-" Print Heart "- in all its original purity." It should be noted that Shambhala to Blavatsky and her followers — it is not "a mythical country" Dedzhung (source of happiness), but an actually existing fraternity or community devoted yogis Mahatmas. Such mystic brotherhoods, which keep the remains of a universal science, there are many in the world, but they have no relation to the so-called civilized countries. Moreover, the location, there should remain a secret to the rest of the world — as long as the "humanity in the mass do not awaken from spiritual lethargy and not reveal their blind eyes toward the blinding light of Truth."
Leafing through the "Secret Doctrine", we find other references about Shambhala. Under the rather complicated history of Earth's history, described by Blavatsky, the country hidden in underground caves, also found a place. Here are a few quotes from Helena Blavatsky, "… Only a handful of those selected, the divine teachers who had retired to the" Sacred Island ", from which comes the latest" savior "- is now kept half of humanity from extermination her other …" "… Numerous caves and ruins which are found in the Americas, as well as the West Indian Islands, all related to the sunken Atlantis. While Priests of the Old World at the time of Atlantis have been associated with the New World terrestrial paths, mages now defunct countries have a network of underground passages, diverging in all directions … "
"… We are not hinted at the cave, known to every European, whether in reality or hearsay, despite their great antiquity, though even this is disputed by modern archaeologists, but the fact, known to all initiated Brahmins of India and especially yogis — namely, that there is no cave temple in the country, which would not have the underground passages, diverging in all directions, and that the underground caves and endless corridors, in turn, have their caves and corridors … " Submissions Blavatsky Shambhala — is the last refuge of the survivors in the world catastrophe of the race of Atlantis.
Modern theosophy share this view, telling the Shambhala so (I quote from the collection of works by modern theosophists prepared Urikovoy Hope): "Thousands of stories of all peoples for centuries passed from mouth to mouth, the Abode of the legendary Great White Brotherhood — Shambhala. Shambala — not rumors it does exist. "Do not think that the Brotherhood of Our hidden from mankind impassable walls. Himalayan snow, hiding us, not a hindrance to reaching the truth, but not for researchers. "Thus says the Lord of Shambhala on the pages of" Living Ethics. "Science has shown that there are no false legends. On small, a slight, of wretched humanity not resign legend. Legends — not abstract, but reality itself. They say that the White Brotherhood, the great souls have come to earth at the dawn of human existence from higher planets — Jupiter and Venus, where the spiritual development of mankind was going faster. They finished their evolution but went on a conscious sacrifice to keep the planet from destruction, to facilitate the spiritual progress of mankind.
Great knowledge, the true values are stored in giant stacks Brotherhood located in inaccessible caves under the earth to protect the treasures of culture, not only from burglars, but also on the geological disasters. There is stored heritage sunken Atlantis, a stunning achievement of the lost civilizations that existed thousands of years ago. Teachers … Shambhala constantly send thoughts, ideas, designed to increase the spirit of the people, the great discovery. All in the mental, moral and cultural development of mankind receives from a single source, it always draws its power from the Great White Brotherhood.
The great work Brothers Shambhala. Are struggling with the ignorant selfishness of negative thinking in an inert mass of humanity to change it to a higher form of the laws of evolution. They partially neutralize the dark aura of the earth containing malicious thoughts from the earliest days of mankind. "But this blissful picture suddenly changed overt threats:" … the Lord of Shamballa, who got to know us before and know a lot more, warn that the current crisis will be stronger previous disasters, as the world population grows, and his spirituality falls. The only thing that can save — Teaching Heart — Living Ethics, spiritual perfection. Humanity must choose.
If people will continue to go the same "material" way, that radiant head of Shambhala will destroy all the evil in the world. Shambhala leaders speak lightning. The era of Shambhala. "These ideas are familiar to us. Already very Theosophists do not like science and materialist view of the world — hence the" noble wrath, "and promise to show" get off "their opponents. But let them Theosophists — after all they have little to Shambhala. And questions about the mysterious country that live bearers of ancient knowledge, do not give any satisfactory answer.
Let's talk about those who tried to do it, not waiting for the Rigden japa. *** The legend of Shambhala in its European version was further developed after the publication of the fall 1933 novel Utopia English writer James Hilton's "Lost Horizon". In this work, the Hilton extraordinarily fascinating and believable portrayed located in a remote mountain valley in western Tibetan Buddhist monastery, "lamaseriyu" Shangri-la, populated by different peoples, including Europeans. Thanks to the secret knowledge and occult techniques inhabitants of the monastery were able to subdue the course of time, slowing its flow. They live in a closed community — peacefully and happily immersed in the arts and sciences, not knowing anxieties and concerns besetting the rest of humanity.
Hilton's novel in a short time became very popular in the West, reprinted many times, and in 1937 was made into a movie. GCAP Hilton word "Shangrila" firmly established in English in the sense of "imaginary earthly paradise, a refuge from anxieties of modern civilization." This name is assigned usually luxurious hotels, restaurants, mountain resorts and other "little piece of Heaven" on the ground, and President Roosevelt even named as his summer residence in the hills of Maryland (later renamed Camp David). Can there be in our time, somewhere in an inaccessible mountain valley of Tibet such esoteric brotherhood, unknown to the rest of humanity stores of knowledge?
Hardly. In any case, you can really doubt that such a brotherhood exists in a carefully controlled Chinese territory of Tibet Autonomous Region. And because today's esoteric and paranormal phenomena, researchers are increasingly talking about Shambala "invisible" — hidden in underground caves or in a "parallel world" … *** At the same time, researchers continue to search for the country, which served as the prototype of the mythical Shambala. Today, there are several hypotheses regarding the possible location of the Buddhist "paradise" on the map of the ancient world.
For example, some researchers have linked to Shambhala to flourish in VII-X century AD Buddhist city-states of the Tarim Basin in the East (China) Turkestan, where once the Great Silk Road. Another region searches — a vast area between Iran and western India. According to the hypothesis of the Russian Tibetologist B.I.Kuznetsova, Shambhala — an ancient Achaemenid Iran (VI-IV in, BC. Oe.). Such an unexpected conclusion scientist came from deciphering ancient geographic map of the Tibetan-shanshunskogo dictionary 1842. The term Shambhala, according to Kuznetsov, the Indians used to name Iran and can be translated as "the holders of the world (good)." From Iran as the Indians borrowed the doctrine of eternal time (Zurvan Akarana), which then became the basis of the Buddhist Kalachakra.
It is assumed that such a doctrine was created by the western Iranian Magi under the influence of the ancient Babylonian tradition, according to which the story is divided into long cycle times, and within each of them are recurring events. Modern English traveler and researcher Charles Allen puts Shambhala in the western corner of Tibet, near the holy Mount Kailash — there, where the first Tibetan civilization and with her left hand swastika mysterious religion "boom." It is in these places there was the legend of Bon paradise earth-Olmo lunrin that Indians later dubbed Shambhala.
As for the doctrine of the Kalachakra, it is, as suggested by Allen, comes from ancient Gandhara (area encompassing northern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan). One of the areas of Gandhara — Uddiyana, which is usually identified with the picturesque Swat Valley, located among the southern spurs of the Hindu Kush in northern Pakistan, is considered the cradle of Tantric Buddhism. Visited this valley in 629 Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang was surprised to find there the remains of almost a thousand (!) Various Buddhist monuments (monasteries, stupas) and settlements, suggesting a fantastic flourishing of Buddhism in Uddiyana in the preceding period (II-V century). One can imagine, says Allen, what paradise must have seemed the valley who lived in her Buddhist monks.
After the conquest of Gandhara White Huns Kalachakra Tantra has moved into the region of western Himalayas. Version of the English scientist, cleverly linking the ancient Buddhist and Bon traditions with real historical facts and drawing a very accurate picture of the "wandering" Kala Chakra tantra for Central Asia and its gradual transformation, is very interesting, and you should pay attention to the fact that Allen locates Shambhala exactly where it is usually placed various new age — in the western part of Tibet. As for the Tibetan lamas, they have a wide range of points of view: some believe that Shambhala is (ponyne!) in Tibet or in the Kunlun mountain range overlooking the Tibetan plateau, the other — in the neighboring Xinjiang (western China), but most of them believe that Shambhala is a much more northern latitudes — in Siberia or somewhere else, or even Russia in the Arctic (?).
However, most researchers today prefer to say that Shambala is not related to the history or geography. Shambala — a belief in a better future. And as a symbol of this belief can be used to deal with the present. That's what took her one of the most consistent and aggressive mystics XX century — Baron Roman UngernShternberg.
Category: Mystery stories