The Earths axis shifted by 10 centimeters

11.03.2011

The axis of rotation of the earth after the earthquake in Japan has shifted almost 10 centimeters, reports RIA "Novosti" with reference to the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Italy. According to seismologists, "the impact of this phenomenon on the axis of rotation was much more significant than even in 2004 at the time of the Sumatra earthquake, which led to a shift in the Earth's axis by 6 inches."


At the same time, experts geodetic center of the Italian Space Agency believe that to accurately determine the impact of the Japanese earthquake on the Earth's axis is still need for more accurate measurements. "Today's earthquake is weaker than what it was in Sumatra. But it happened on such a breadth that was achieved the greatest effect," — said the director of the geodesic center of Giuseppe Bianco. Italian experts believe that the impact of the current earthquake yield strength of the Great Chilean Earthquake of 1960, the magnitude of which, according to various estimates ranged from 9.3 to 9.5.

According to official reports, the victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan were 95 people, reports RIA "Novosti". According to the BBC, found on the coast up to 300 bodies. The strongest in the history of Japan's 8.9 magnitude earthquake occurred off the coast of Miyagi 373 kilometers northeast of Tokyo. Center lies at a depth of 24 kilometers.

The earthquake created a tsunami threat throughout the Pacific Basin — received a warning state and the island of Hawaii to Central America. In the area of risk are Russia, Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Honduras, Chile, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru. Warning for Australia and New Zealand was lifted.

In Japan, after the tsunami, millions of homes were left without electricity, including in Tokyo. Hundreds of people were missing. Among the victims — the people prefectures Iwate, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Chiba and Tokyo. After the tsunami in Miyagi prefecture missing a passenger train, according to Kyodo News. Of Japan Railways train was traveling from the administrative city of Sendai Miyagi cents to the station Nobiru. Information on the number of passengers yet.

As told RIA "Novosti" eyewitnesses, a suburb of Tokyo, Chiba exploded gas station. In Miyagi tsunami demolished many houses completely flooded airport "Sendai". Tokyo also flooded "Disneyland". Pictures taken from a helicopter and illustrated by Japanese TV channels live online, demonstrate how to sail on a huge wave wreckage of homes and cars.

As reported by the Main Directorate of Meteorology of Japan, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake that can cause a tsunami, may be repeated in Japan during the month.

Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said the enormous devastation caused by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami. He promised that "the government will do its best to minimize the consequences of the disaster," and called on residents of Japan to remain calm. Kahn also said that there is no leakage of radioactive materials and nuclear reactors at power plants are not damaged. The head of the Japanese Foreign Minister Takeaki Matsumoto said that Tokyo welcomes any assistance that could be of Japanese foreign countries.

Formed as a result of aftershocks tidal wave reached the Russian coast. In the coastal zone of the two settlements Kuril Islands instruments recorded a tsunami up to two meters. According to the main emergency department in the Sakhalin region, there were no injuries. However, the alarm mode "tsunami" in the Kuril Islands remains, from the zone of possible flooding on the islands were evacuated 11,000 people.

Alarm "tsunami" was declared the center of the tsunami SI "Sakhalin AHEM" at 15.55 local time (08.55 Moscow time). According to experts, under the impact of the tsunami could hit coastal communities of three districts of the Sakhalin area — Yuzhno-Kuril, Kuril and Northern Kuril. The President instructed the Russian Emergency Situations Minister Sergei Shoigu to take measures to ensure the safety of the inhabitants of the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin.

President Dmitry Medvedev said Russia is ready to provide assistance to Japan following the earthquake and tsunami. "Today, Japan's powerful earthquake with magnitude of about 9 points., And there is great destruction, and apparently the victim. Course, we are ready to help our neighbors to overcome the effects of this earthquake is very complicated," — said Medvedev at a meeting of the State Council in Khakassia.

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