In October 1941 year in dire military situation of the USSR People's Commissar of Defense issued an order to form a lady's aviation regiment number 0099. Responsibility for the execution of the order was given to Mary Raskova. In his own interview, survivors female veterans, speak highly of Raskovoyi as the most important man in their midst. Her orders not to open a discussion, the young girls who come from different parts of the country, just graduated from flight training courses Raskova looked at as a pilot unattainable level. By the time Raskovoi was just over 20 5 years, but even then Maria M. was the hero of the USSR. Mind-boggling, brave and very beautiful lady died in 1943 in a plane crash in bad weather near the village Mihailovka in the Saratov region. Mary Raskova cremated and the urn with her ashes was positioned in the Kremlin wall, in order to confess descendants could lay down flowers and pochetat memory female protagonist.
In accordance with the order of the People's Commissar of Defense Maria Mikhailovna was formed three divisions:
• Fighter regiment 586;
• BB 587 Aviation Regiment;
• night 588 Aviation Regiment (the famous "Night Witches").
The first two units during the war were mixed in their valiantly fought not only the girls, and Russian men. Night Aviation Regiment consisted only of the ladies, even the most languid work done here representatives weak little sex.
In the chapter "Night Witches" or 46 — Guards nbap was an experienced pilot Evdokia Bershanskaya. Evdokia Davydovna was born in Stavropol Territory in 1913. Her ancestors were killed in the period of war, civilian clothes, and devchenka was brought up by his uncle. The strong character of this lady has permitted it to become a great pilot and commander. By the beginning of the war, Evdokia Bershanskaya already had a decade of experience in operations, it is carefully passed on his knowledge to young subordinates. Evdokia Davydovna went through the war, and after another long worked in public organizations for the benefit of the Fatherland.
Entrusted Bershanskaya regiment from time to time called "Dunkinym." This title shows through the whole history of brave pilots. Plywood, light aircraft, Po-2 is not completely appropriate for violent clashes with the German invaders. The Germans openly laughed at the sight of this fragile structure. Often women do not take seriously, and to them during the war had to justify their skills and demonstrate the ability to "shelving units." The risk was very high, because the Po-2 is rapidly ignited and was completely devoid of any kind of armor or other protection. In two civilian aircraft that was used for transport purposes, as in the field of communication. The girls without the help of other hung bombs on special beams on the underside of the aircraft, which sometimes exceeded 300 kg. Any per shift could bear weight, reaching a ton. The girls worked in the latter strain, which allowed them to fight the enemy on equal terms with men. Previously, the Germans were laughing at the mention of "Kuban whatnot," that came to be called after raids regiment "Night witches" and to attribute them to the magical properties. Perhaps the Germans simply could not imagine that such feats are able to Russian girls.
For party work in the regiment trained flight training women in the town of Engels replied Mary Runt, a native of Samara, the same age as Bershanskaya. It was the most experienced and brave pilot bomber, patiently delivshayasya experience with the young generation. Before and after the war Runt with teaching and even defended her PhD thesis.
Baptism of fire of the 46th Guards nbap held in the middle of June 1942. In light 2 soared into the sky. In the first flight the pilot went Bershanskaya with navigator Sophia Burzaevoy also Amosov Rozanov. According to the stories of pilots, the expected fire from the enemy's position was not followed and the crew of Amoz, Rozanov circled three times over a given purpose — mine to throw deadly cargo. Now we can tell about the events so far only on the documents and few specific interview participants sorties. In 1994, knew of the exploits of a lady's Regiment Larissa Rozanov, navigator, born in 1918, son of the hero of the USSR Aronova also Olga Yakovleva, navigator. They outline the difficulties and fears of war, faced fragile Russian virgins, who died heroically well as pilots and navigators.
It should be said separately on each of the number of those on the Lung-2 is induced nightmare for invaders. Larissa Rozanov couple of times having been denied to her requests to send her to the front. After the order was issued number 0099, Rozanov hit a flying school in the town of Engels, and later in the 46th Guards. During the war she was flying over the Kuban and Stavropol Territory, floated on its own lightweight Po-2 of the North Caucasus and Novorossiysk. Rozanov had brought their own contribution to the liberation of Poland and Belarus, celebrated the victory in Germany. Larisa died in 1997, having lived a long and fascinating life.
Olga Yakovleva went from vooruzhentsa to the navigator, participated in battles against the invaders for the Caucasus, and in the liberation of Crimea, Kuban and Belarus. Brave lady inflicted apt bombing enemy targets on the ground in Eastern Prussia.
Fighting the way the shelf is a string of glorious deeds, contributions to which had brought any of the "Night Witches." Despite the harsh name, which gave women's Regiment fascists, for Russian people, they will forever be generous queen of heaven. Once held the first sortie, the young girl on light plywood "bookcases" waged war for a long time yet. From August to December 1942, they defended Vladikavkaz. In January 1943, the regiment was thrown for help in breaking the band of German troops on the Terek River, also in support of offensive operations in the area of Sevastopol and the Kuban. From March to September
of the same year girls decided surgery "Blue stripes front", and from November to May 1944 covered the landing on the Taman Peninsula Russian forces. The regiment was involved in the actions of the Nazis to break through the defense near Kerch, in the village of Eltigen also in the liberation of Sevastopol and the Crimea. From June to July 1944 Aviation Regiment ladies thrown into battle on the river Pronya, and in August of the same year performed departures area occupied Poland. Since the beginning of 1945 the slack women in East Prussia, where the "Night Witches" on the PO-2 well are fighting and support the crossing of the river Narew. March 1945 marked in the history of the gallant regiment role in the battles for the liberation of Gdansk and Gdynia, and from April to May, the brave pilots kept coming Russian Army of the retreating Nazis. Over the entire period of the regiment made up of three 20 thousand sorties, most of which took place in the complex criteria. October 15, 1945 the regiment was disbanded, and the bulk of demobilized women.
20 three brave pilots of the 49th Aviation Regiment ladies were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Evdokia Nosal, a native of Zaporozhye region was killed in the cockpit shell exploding in the battle of Novorossiysk. Eugene Rudnev, also from Zaporozhye died in April 1944 on a combat mission in the sky north of Kerch. Tatyana Makarova, a 24-year-old Muscovite was burned in an airplane in 1944 in the battle of Poland. Vera Belik — woman of Zaporozhye region, was killed along with Makarova in the skies over Poland. Sanfirova Olga, born in 1917 in the town of Kuibyshev, died in December 1944, on a combat mission. Maria Smirnova from the Tver region, smiling karelka, had retired with the rank of Major Guard, lived a long life and died in 2002. Evdokia Pasko — woman of Kyrgyzstan, born in 1919, had retired with the rank of lieutenant. Ira Sebrova of the Tula region, from 1948 Lieutenant supplies. Natalia Meklin native of Poltava region, also survived the bloody battles and had retired with the rank of Major Guard, died in 2005. Zhigulenko Eugene, a resident of Krasnodar, with beautiful eyes and an open smile, also became a hero of the Soviet Union in 1945. Evdokia Nikulin, a native of the Kaluga region, went into the Major in store after the war, lived until 1993. Raisa Aronov woman from Saratov, had retired major and died in 1982. Heroes of the Soviet Union in the Valiant 49 Aviation Regiment were also Khudiakova Antonia, Ulyanenko Nina, Polina Gelman, Ryabov Ekaterina Popova Hope Raspolova Nina Gasheva Rufina, Syrtlanova Maguba, Rozanov Larissa, Sumarokova Tatiana, Parfenova Zoe Dospanova Hivaz and Akimov Alexander.
On each of these majestic ladies, as other maidens that served in the 49th Regiment, the Nazis called "night witches", you can not just write the article and the book. Any one of them took the hard way and is worthy of respect and memory. Russian ladies did not fight for the party and not for the Soviets, they waged war for our future, for the right of future generations to live in freedom.
In 2005 came the publication of literature "creation" under the title "outdoorsy field wives", some of which are the creators of Olga and Oleg Greig. Not to mention this scandalous facts that are the product of attempts to interpret the historical truth, it would be criminal. These "creators," the proud words of the writer to call them there is no desire, tried to discredit cherished memory of heroic will give statements in their sexy immorality and other vices. In rebuttal gap stretches and narrow-minded speculation, I would like to remind you that no soldier of the 49th Aviation Regiment ladies did not leave the system due to gynecological diseases or pregnancy. We will not refute that based on the true story of Nadia Popova and Seeds Kharlamov was lit love story in the movie "Go to fight some old people", but people with stable moral values are well aware of the differences between the sexy and the highest sense of immorality.
War completed. The girls in the parking lot of their own 'swallows'. Ahead of Seraphim AMOSOVA — deputy. regimental commander, for her Hero Russian Union of Natasha Meklin. 1945[/ Center]