The history of Russian aviation. Anadis

During the First World War had created a huge number of aircraft of different designs and fates, although most of them were made in one piece. One of these aircraft was "Anatra" kitted-lane engine "Hispano-Suiza", 150 hp Although the aircraft has also remained in a single copy, the abundance of his titles is amazing. In most cases this fighter-scout called "Anadis', but there are some documents of the name" Anaispano "," Anatra D. Isaiah, "" Bimonokok "," Biplane monocoque "," Bi-Cock "," Dean with Spanish "and, eventually, "Anatra" type 15. I can not believe that all these names referred to the same machine.

"Anadis" built on the instructions issued by a single fighter at the ready, but its dimensions are roughly doubles match "Anade." The fuselage was a monocoque made of plywood circular cross section and the aerodynamically shaped nezapyatannoy. But the fuselage was quite weary. Construction feathers and wings is the same as in "Anasal" and "Anade".

A fascinating feature of the aircraft was great in store of fuel, which is enough for 14 hours of flying, it was completely unnecessary for the fighter. At the plant in this regard even walked rumors that Dean (aircraft designer) designed a double instead of a fighter plane in order to use it to escape to Romania or even France if in Russia will begin the political unrest. If this is consistent with the reality, the French engineer can be considered a visionary since the middle of 1916, when he was building "Anadis" about the future of the revolution did not think out any one people.

In any case, about the impending escape Tipo pilot Kononenko, a representative of the military office at the "Anatra," reported the army superiors. Also in his own telegram, he asked me to tell him just built "Anadis" in order to go to the front. Perhaps, the authorities did not believe military representatives vigilant and limited formal reply: "Before taking the machine to throw Single Commission."

The aircraft was tested in the period from 23 October to 11 November 1916. In time Flight plane showed the highest speed of 153 km / h This rate for a double spy was applicable, but for single-seat fighter, even at that time low. In addition, the installation of weapons would increment weight of the machine and, therefore, its flight data further down. But the main premise of why the "Anadis" is not mass-produced, was a shortage of engines "Hispano-Suiza." As already mentioned, these engines in Russia were a drawback.

Layout "Anadisa" to illumine 1917 stood at the factory. For this time One local artist has painted the car so that plane has come to represent, if not military, it really must have artistic value. The fuselage from the cockpit to the tail, carried on for an image of a flag of the Entente, and the lower plane — 2-pyshnotelymi beauties in beach suits with decorative dogs and parasols. Unfortunately, did not survive high-quality photos that would be able to reproduce these images in all their glory.

At this time, in September 1917 Captain Makarov, a military pilot, knowing the significant of supplies of fuel, which is perceived "Anadis", filed a motion for leave to make a further "agitperelet" by the Allies in World War I on the airplane. Makarov his hopes to fly around Thessaloniki, Rome, Marseille, Paris, and return back the same route. The purpose of the flight was formulated as follows: "… to visit the factory and fronts, to show the Russian pilots, aviation behold allies, that the Allies began to stuff better than us." Because of another implementation for this aircraft was found, "agitperelet" immediately allowed. Makarov started in November, but already in the first part of the route during the flight refused engine. Emergency landing was made near the town of Iasi in Romania. In this "agitperelet" ended. Together so ended the story of the plane, which had so quite a few titles, but none of them did not bring him fortune.

Aircraft performance properties Anadis:
Wingspan — 11.40 m;
Length — 7.75 m;
Wing area — 37.00 m2;
Empty weight — 665 kg;
Normal take-off weight — 1165 kg;
Motor type — 1 PD Hispano-Suiza;
Power — 150 hp;
The highest speed — 153 km / h;
Flight duration — 14 hours;
Rate of climb — 133 m / min
Service ceiling — 3750 m;
The crew — 1 person;
Armament: two 7.7 mm machine guns.

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