The introduction of armored trains in Chechnya

Armored quite an old weapon, the which was used in the different armies of the world, starting with the mufti of the war in the United States (1861-1865 period). Armored train — Is the mobile armored Train composition (train) which intended for combat operations in the strip steel road. In most cases, the armored train consisted of a locomotive (diesel or steam engine), as several bronevagonov (with different weapons — machine gun or cannon). In particular, the armored train extensively used during the armed conflicts of the early XX century, especially in states that had developed railway network. They were used during the second world war, and in Russia and in the last decade during combat operations in Chechnya.

It is now clear that the trains, which are in service with the Russian Army will no longer be on the "siding", ready to take part in military operations, as sung in a fairly well-known song. According to the plans of the Defense Ministry of the era should be complete by 2015. According to the Russian military, it will be made in connection with the "inconvenience of development" train weapons.

According disk imaging of the newspaper "Izvestia", ranking in the current time on the balance of the special train "Cupid" and "Baikal" after the write-off of their own will be involved in mine clearance and protection paths. 5 of armored trains, which were attributed to the army back in the era of the Soviet Union, to have survived only these two. At the current time these cars are armored trains idle on the ground of the Stavropol Territory, and the second-class carriages and locomotives are repaired in Saratov and Mineral Waters.

Military officials have pointed out that the railway service in the current period is one of the more vulnerable by completely understandable reason — the trajectory of movement of the rolling stock is constant and predictable. With all this fighting tasks in danger of fire or while accompanied by trains on mined roads can be done with the help of armor or air defense system installed on the train platform.

During the counter-terrorist operations in Chechnya armored used for technical intelligence railway routes in the North Caucasus. In this case, if the demolition bomb found under the rails, they usually blew it on the composition of the non-hazardous distance, and warped plot ways to substitute a new one. On a particularly unsafe road sections of steel armored troop trains were going ahead with technology and people. The day recovery railway battalion of troops able to return to 1.8 km. one hundred percent of the destroyed railway canvas or up to 3 km. somewhat warped way. But in the upcoming plan to entrust this work separate engineering units are not tied to specific compounds.

Armored Trains in Chechnya

In the Russian army over the use of specialized armored railway trains back in 2-Chechen campaigns when they themselves unit train troops started to create improvised armored trains, which serve to provide cover repair teams working on the railway branch of Nazran, Grozny. The first such special train brought in Mozdok in December 1994, General Railway Troops Koshman Nikolai Pavlovich. Armored train it could be called only formally, on all operational summaries he held as a "special train". Special train consisted of own structure a number of platforms that have been hammered Repair Kit for doing restoration work on the roads and bridge crossings, as 2 infantry fighting vehicles, which were installed on separate platforms. In addition, the data train platform had also shelter of sleepers and sand bags in which were equipped with fire points for automatic grenade launchers and machine guns.

Historically, as in the Russian army and Russian armored trains were used in all the wars, and in fact in all armed conflicts, are not left behind and 2nd Chechen campaign. To successfully perform special operations and combat parts of the United Army Group needed a timely and sustained delivery of fuel, ammunition, food and other more fundamental materials. In the main, this task was solved with the help of railway transport, and since the introduction of massive militants MANPADS Train transport has become more active and be used for the transportation of troops.

Ensuring the smooth operation of railway transport in areas of combat operations was borne by the departments and units of the Federal Service of Railway Troops. The main puzzles that were solved these forces are:

— demining and military outposts, and maintenance of military transports and trains at the railroad station Mozdok-Gudermes-Hankala;
— restoration, repair and maintenance of the railway infrastructure in the areas of Chechnya in working condition, technical cover objects railway transport;
— incarnation of defense and security locations of the railway departments.

Performing these tasks soldiers railroad had to make the criteria of constant opposition from the illegal armed groups, for which the railroad has become one of the main targets for the realization of sabotage, attacks on military echelons w / d stations, bridges and spans. For this reason, more complex tasks — conducting engineering reconnaissance routes, clearance of land mines, maintenance, and military outposts of military trains were the prerogative of the special train, which davneshney Russian traditions were not just tactical names such as SP-1 and SP-2, etc. etc., and the names of their own — "Cupid", "Baikal", "Don", "Kazbek", "Terek".

Constantly fighting tasks done 2-3 of the special train, the other in reserve on the basis of special trains in Khankala on specially equipped sites (landfill). At the base of Khankala held an introduction to the crew personnel, who arrived for the rotation, combat training, preparation and maintenance of the real part. Rotation of the special train was carried out according to the command of Zhodino compiled Troops schedule. Performing combat tasks train were transferred to the reserve, and their place was taken by train from the reserve. At the base of Khankala had everything needed for the repair and maintenance of small arms and the real part, as for the recreation staff of armored trains.

All these special trains were not typical of their own device, and were not at all similar to each other. They are different in composition and quantity of railway platforms installed on their arms, and even the colors. Almost all of it depended on the imagination of the commander of the train, as the availability of the necessary materials and repair facilities, which made a special train. According to the 1st of staff officers of the Joint Group of Forces, any of armored trains was acting unusual "product" of the Russian railway troops. Without looking at it as part of a special train attended the common elements:

— locomotive
— 1 or 2 platforms with the T-62 or BMP-2, or both in order and together with the other;
— 1 or 2 platforms with ZU-23-2;
— indoor Pullman car with four-Realized it loopholes for firing from small personal weapon, also improvised towers, located on the roof of the car with a set of 12.7-mm machine guns "cliff" or automatic grenade launchers AGS-17;
— car with the materials of which the soldiers were called "the supply room";
— 1 or 2 second-class passenger car created for the rest of personnel attached subunits and crew protected the troops w / train station or in the home bases;
— 2 or 3 platforms with ballast fro
m the rail, sleepers, sand bags, which are installed in front of and behind the composition for protection against mines and roadside bombs push the act;
platform with car radio;

All the elements of special trains on the ability to try to protect the sides of logs, railroad ties, fastened with steel straps, sandbags, and armored or steel plates that are joined by welding. From any of the special train could have different compositions of the above parts, their composition can vary, based on combat tasks, some elements may be absent.

Of mandatory and unchanged for each of the special train platforms were installed on their BMP-2, T-62 and ZU-23-2. With all of this equipment such platforms approximately prototype. Anti-aircraft guns were placed in the front and rear of the platform. Along the sides, the edges were installed boxes with the correct property and supplies of ammunition. On the front of the twin anti-aircraft covered sloping iron sheets that protected the calculations of fire small guns. Platform was located in the middle of the shelter sleepers, which sheathed on the outside with iron sheets. With the 2-sides in it were the door to exit the settlement to their anti-aircraft installations. In addition to the shelter were side loopholes created for the observation of the terrain, and when necessary and keeping a fire from their personal weapons.

These shelters were available on platforms mounted with their T-62 or BMP-2 is also a platform with a car radio. These shelters were located from the aft mounted on armored platforms, and served as a resting place for their crews.

Themselves fighting machines from the boards were covered with screens made of iron sheets, armor or sleepers. The car with the radio station was covered sleepers or sandbags. By his own device equipped shelters were not uniform. When the special train of early buildings were made of straps connected sleepers, then later — it was true bronerubki industrial production, which had a closing loopholes for firing from small personal weapon.

Sources disk imaging:

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