The introduction of email and the internet in the U.S. Army, 41 years after the first @

According programmke Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA-Defence Agency Information Systems) U.S. Department of Defense since 2010, a project Enterprise Email — Enterprise Mission.

Actions:
-September 2010 DISA gave permission to transfer the e-mail addresses database army of users to exchange special server with support for a cloudy storage (Enterprise Email).
-January 31, 2011, some 2,000 selected users of electric-mail from the Agency for Information Technology (ITA), the Office of the Central Information Service / G6, Center for Army Command NETCOM/9th, Center for research and the Division of the U.S. Army Command and engineering developments have begun to translate into Enterprise Email (purchase of electric service providers address DOD).
Purpose — Corporate electric-mail to all users of DoD, which allows use with all the information available in a gloomy vault. Migrating users will be conducted under the supervision of ITA and the 7th Signal Command. HQDA (Headquarters Department of the Army) is planning to start a movement of all DoD no later than March 1, 2011, immediately after the successful transfer of the first wave of users.
The rest of the army to migrate to graduate from December 31, 2011

Why is it necessary for the army and the individual soldier?

1) Corporate electric mail allows users to access the electrical army post and the data in the "cloud" of at least some areas of the world.

2) the Ministry of Defence can contact and work with what ever nick army around the world through the Global Address List.
3) nick electrical Enterprise Email address receive a full range of services with enhanced security.
4) Corporate electric-mail provides a minimum of four gigabytes to store electrical and technology overcast mail storage, which is 40 times higher than the current base figure (to the user no longer need to worry about exceeding the mailbox size limits).
5) Corporate electric mail allows users to communicate army and contact information inside the network MO, without the inconvenience and loss caused by the various providers of electric mail.
6) on-line — activity and accessibility while driving and moving, mobile connection.
7) free "Visit" military users in the Web, such as NATO and the Military Academy at West Point, New-york, with the ability to view the suggestions, tips and advice by combat experience ..
8) Easy access to military resources on the Web for the respective topic.
Use the search tools on the Web to find a suitable disk imaging.
9) getting frisky historical documents and instructions from text files.
10) in the role of electric discussions on topical subject.
11) automatically receive news releases and announcements on a particular topic, view the content of Professor and scientific journals before they are posted.

Other programs from DISA in the field of web and electric-mail:

SIPRNET — closed protocol router network is a system of interconnected computer networks used by the U.S. Defense Department and the U.S. Department of State to transmit hidden disk imaging with packet switching on TCP / IP protocols in the "totally harmless" environment. It also provides services such as hypertext documents and electrical post.
NIPRNET (Open protocol router network) is used to exchange unclassified but principled information between "internal" yuzerami U.S. Armed Forces, also providing military officials access to web, although the implementation of some social networks and web sites (egYouTube, Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, and some Google Apps limited U.S. Defense (DoD). This restriction was removed in February 2010.
GIG-BE — global information network with enhanced bandwidth, is designed to improve national security intelligence, surveillance, security, disk imaging, and command and control.
RACE — frisky access to a computing environment (RACE) high power, began working in October 2008 under the joint authority of the Head and DISA management technologies. Defense allowed users to the portal without the help of others to get the computing resources within 24 hours. RACE provides a lightweight process for preparing and following the development, testing, and through the use of Enterprise Mission provide Technical Support (eMASS) and VMS.
Forge.mil In April 2009, DISA launched Wednesday with an open initial code to improve the ability of the U.S. DoD frisky in the development of reliable software, services and management systems, as well as for fighting.

How it all began:
In April 2012, the first in the world @ turned 41 years old.
In April 2012 Global INET society for its own 20th anniversary at the 2012 conference in Geneva, founded his own Hall of Fame. In the middle of the 33 most recognizable name listed web stories and Ray Tomlinson (at the current time — engineer Raytheon Company), Who put the "@" on the map of the evolution of communication.

In 1965, he graduated from MIT and began his career at Bolt Beranek and Newman. In 1968, the company received a government order for the work associated with the creation of a network ARPANET (the predecessor of Internet)

Coordinated the work of these By promising researchers (ARPA) of the Ministry of Defense (hence the title of the network).
Network ARPANET, the operation of which began in 1969, has joined voedinyzhdy, priemuschestvenno, research centers and big institutions of America.
Ray Tomlinson began to experiment with their own made SNDMSG system and file transfer protocol CYPNET in order to arrange the transfer of files to remote nodes in the network ARPANET (in the 70s had a network of 23 computers connected to 15 knots).

Tomlinson recalls: "I had an idea that could turn CYPNET sent the file in the mailbox file exactly as it does SNDMSG". According to him, it was only necessary to "make a small change to the protocol." And that was it manufactured.
1971 Cambridge, Mass., a computer scientist bearded, hunched over, was sitting between two bulky computers-name, trying to send the first letter in the world by electric mail.

Within a few hours, he unsuccessfully tries to debug the software to convey a message from the
1st computer, the size of a closet to another.
Legend (in the interpretation of the first person) says:
"When trying to send a message every time I typed in something like — 'testing 123' or something safe, and tried to send it and see what happens," — says Tomlinson. It was made a few attempts at the 10-s, but no message came through.
He tried again by typing the recipient's TTY: Tomlinson + @ sign (little-used key as separator) + bbn-tenexa (name of another computer)
: Tomlinson @ bbn-tenexa

The text of the forwarded message was typed on the keyboard top row of buttons "qwertyuiop"And typed" send "by sending a" meaningful "message to another computer, the subcategory of a chair to the teletype second computer and typing" accept "for the mailbox.
For a moment, silence reigned. And then with a roar teletype excited. The first letter in the history of the electric arrived.

First letter Tomlinson has traveled only 100 yards — from a computer, known as BBN-TENEXB to the router elsewhere in the building, and then back to the second computer, BBN-TENEXA. The letter did not survive.

Tomlinson Fictions addressing scheme that would identify not only the recipients, and computers, which were their mailboxes. To do this, needed a separator, and the choice fell on the Tomlinson "@" sign. When, after many years, he was asked why he chose this sign, he replied: "I found the keyboard character that could not come across in any name and cause troubles." And then he continued: "sign" @ "(" floor ", which is consonant British preposition at, ie," on ") was chosen consciously. This indicates that the user is" on "some other host rather than the LAN. "
Domain extensions such as com, net, as national suffixes were introduced only a few years later.

In March 1972, Tomlinson has added to its own program there a simple user interface that allows you to send messages over the network and load the mailbox those of them that are provided by a specific person. After six months on the basis of the development of his employee Ray Tomlinson Roberts made a program that except for sending and retrieving messages already had a lot of service functions, such as the ability to selectively loaded into the program from reading the messages, store them in a separate file. In addition, the program can automatically send Roberts answers to its acquisition of certain letters. Electric-mail is rapidly captured popularity in Arpanet. It took only 18 months to ensure that three-quarters of the transmitted over the network disk imaging began to occupy it sent the message.

In 1975, John Vittal made program from MSG, which includes all developed by the time the function sending, receiving and processing the electrical messages. System and the development of electric-mail Vittal appreciated in municipal circles.
For example, March 26, 1976 was the use of electric mail British queen Elizabeth II.
Days of birth emoticon ( ) Should be considered as April 12, 1979.
In 1981, the Arpanet to grow rapidly joined Computer and Science Network. In 1982, there was European UNIX Network, a network of computers in Europe. In 1988 he earned first mail gateway between public networks, the founder of which was the Arpanet (had already obtained the title of the Web, that is simply "mezhdusetie"), and a network made by volunteers, the distinguishing feature of which was the lack of constant connection between computers, Fidonet. Since then nick of both networks to exchange letters.

According to the company Raytheon, later in '41 after the first report Tomlinson about 1.9 billion. people in some days are forwarded to 300 billion electrical emails every day.

Tomlinson remains the most famous gurus, and reviver of the electric-mail @ sign from out of nowhere, and it's funny signs autographs his naming as "R @ y", when it is requested.

Sources disk imaging:
http://www.raytheon.com/;
http://chernykh.net/;
http://www.internethalloffame.org/;
http://en.wikipedia.org/;
http://www.mit.edu/;
http://reis.ustu.ru

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