Of Atlantis in Plato's presentation we know at least the approximate time of the tragedy of the ancient civilization of the mysterious Arctic country Hyperborea we know even less.
The earliest written mention of the fabulous northern civilization found in the Zoroastrian "Avesta" and the ancient Indian epic "Mahabharata". They are very similar, in general, it is not surprising — the history of Iranian and Hindustan tribes are so closely intertwined that sometimes even the names of gods they have the same (with the difference that the characters they often diametrically opposed).
In the surviving myths mysterious country that lies in the far north, is described with tremendous knowledge of the time. In the middle of the far North Sea is a huge mountain: "High Haar" the Zoroastrians and "immeasurably high measure" at protoindiytsev. The ancient Greeks also have it transformed into a ridge — Riphean Mountains. Live in it, of course, gods, the climate there is mild, neither cold nor heat, and right above it hangs the North Star, around which a moving constellation Ursa Major, Cassiopeia and Bootes. And what is most interesting — day in the country last year (six months — a day for six months — the night), at night the water freezes in there "beautiful forms", but in heaven there is a great flaming fires. I wonder how would the south, the people living in the subtropics to know about aurora and polar night?
The climate at the time the Arctic was clearly different. Otherwise, why would the ancient epics (including the ancient Greeks, who gave the name of the legendary country "Hyperborea") refers to the abundant dense forests, herds of antelope and a flock of birds? And is unlikely to have to live in the ancient gods in the frozen Arctic today, it was too uncomfortable, it was now. Several thousand years ago — is another matter. Sea level was much lower then (according to some estimates, up to half a kilometer) to the surface, a vertex underwater Lomonosov Ridge, Mendeleyev and Gakkel, and the now-flooded vast plains grazing mammoths and reindeer. Today is "stove Europe" Gulf Stream (later suddenly changed its course) might well then heat it now inaccessible Arctic coast.
We call attention to one detail: if Hara and Meru, the highest peak, is the abode of the gods, the Zoroastrian representations and protoindiytsev for heroes and other "fragrant courageous men, away from all evil" (in Greek mythology, their place is overthrown Olympus Titans), given a place on the plains and islands near the mountain tops. If we consider that most of the shallow, with depths up to 200 m, Kara, Barents, White and the North Sea until recently by geologic time (from 12 to 4 thousand years ago, that is, on record) was a land , it is easy to imagine a rearing out of the water, like in the North Pole, the Lomonosov Ridge, separated by a thin water areas inhabited by numerous islands and lands.
A paleontological evidence of the existence at that time in the far north of a different climate, there are many. For example, in the area Indigirka found fossils — grass pollen spores and the predominance of the ancient sage, saltbush, ephedra, ie vegetation, now typical, for example, to the steppes of southern Ukraine or Kazakhstan. The New Siberian Islands, and this is after all at 75 degrees north latitude, perhaps on one of the coldest places in the Arctic today, acquires mammoth, and they could only live in a rather rich vegetation, it's not the current undemanding reindeer. Besides their tusks Baron von Toll found there also canines of saber-toothed tigers, and along with fallen fruit tree height of 27 meters. Besides mammoths and tigers in the plains of northern Siberia — where now lies permafrost — lived a lot of rhinos, antelopes, horses, bison, cave lions, cave hyenas, wild beasts that is adapted to the climate for at least moderate, and even subtropical.
All this grace vanished overnight during a monstrous disaster sterevshey face Arctic only 34 species of large animals, and bound her with ice and permafrost. Without going into details, we mention only that it is reasonable to associate this with a global cataclysm catastrophe that struck the Earth about 10-11 thousand years ago with the fall of the huge cosmic body (asteroid or comet). Material traces of it have been preserved in the form of two of the largest impact craters in the bottom of the ocean in the Caribbean. She also confirmed widespread in the Northern Hemisphere at the same time mass graves of extinct species of large animals (taksodonov, American bishops, etc.). Echoes colossal disaster preserved in the memory of mankind, dispersed all over the planet myths of the Flood.
Thus, it would be logical to assume that the hypothetical Arctida-Hyperborea ceased to exist, if not immediately after the global climate change on the Earth about 10,000 years ago, melting cover Europe and North America, glaciers, then at least somewhere in the fifth millennium BC, which includes the most recent remains of mammoths found in the far north.
But at the same time, those same Greeks mention contacts with Hyperboreans already in quite historic times (this is in addition to the purely legendary journey to the north of Perseus and Hercules). In particular, although Herodotus wrote that Hyperborea impossible to hit because of the flying feathers on its borders (snowstorms?), He mentions that the Scythians, Hyperboreans transmit gifts wrapped in straw (it's what could exist in cereals Polar two thousand years ago?). According to the "father of history" in Hellas Hyperborean Abaris came to renew old friendships and relationship with the residents of the island of Delos, where the were born in the summer she-titans Hyperborea birthplace of Apollo and Artemis, and where there were temples dedicated to them.
On the island of Delos in the early XX century were found mentioned by Herodotus stone Hidden Treasure two giperboreyanok — Servants summer, as narrated inscriptions on their gravestones. Oracle Oracle of Delphi in honor of Apollo also founded the Hyperborean Olen (other myths, however, Apollo himself). In general, it seems that the road to Arctida had only one direction — for example, if the Embassy of the Hyperboreans to Delos came almost every year, the only one of the historically famous Greek attempts to reach the North of the country, launched Hellene Aristeas in the VII century BC . so does not complete.
Apollo himself visited Hyperborea time in 19 years on the air chariot and store their deadly arrows. It is curious that on Mount Meru gods lived from the "Mahabharata", flying through the sky in strange machines "Wiman" and who gave Arjuna deadly weapon "astravidyu." Here, however, the solid ground of facts under the feet of some lovers of antiquity begins fairly wiggle. You can still perceive the famous squeak version of the death of Mohenjo-Daro in a nuclear explosion — as though almost fantastic, but it has at a certain justification. But when it comes to essentially geophysical war between the Atlanteans and the Hyperboreans, as a result of which "shifted the Earth's axis," then there is more candid fantasy. Let us return, however, in our time, because myths myths disasters disasters, but to confirm the existence of Northern civilization requires something more tangible. And in 1922, on the Kola Peninsula in the vicinity Seydozero sent to a two-year expedition led by AV Barchenko. A senior official in charge of its GPU Gleb Boky, exhibit, like many of his colleagues, of great interest to all sorts of occult with a pragmatic, however, the objectives: to use them for the benefit of the young Soviet republic (by the way, and the Roerich expedition in search of Shambhala were funded by the Soviet state ). Results looked sensational — have been found the remains of some cyclopean structures, including the ancient paved road, stone cubes, columns, carved into the rocks geoglyphs (trident, oblique cross, 80-foot image of a man who was called by the local population, "the old man Kuyva" etc. ).
Stirred up even affected the fashion for atlantology Europe. However, after it became known that before the grandest structures expedition never reached and the "material evidence" respectable audience were not provided, the interest in "Kola Arctis" sharply diminished. And by 1938, and A. Barchenko, and its curators have not survived.
Next peak of interest in Russian Hyperborea awoke in the late 90's. last century, when also the Saami sacred Seydozero and lying near Lovozero Mountains (they are located east of the Khibiny mountain range, near the center of the Kola Peninsula) amateur expedition headed by Professor VN MSU Demin. The expedition was conducted in two seasons, in 1997 and 1998, and brought the sensational results that confirmed the overall findings Barchenko (the expedition Prof. Demina "Red Star" told in February-March 2001 — Ed.).
At the top of Mount Inchurt members of the expedition were found megalithic stone slabs (some of which were allegedly drilled at meter depth), carved in the rocks huge stage (or mini-terrace?) Finally just sanded numerous steps the steps leading into the collapse of the cave- and a plurality of grooves carved in granite. Confirmed and image "old Kuyva" rock paintings on the coastal mountain. Even more interesting (unless, of course, this is confirmed) was found in the course of "Hyperborea-98" laid out on the bottom Seydozero masonry 100 × 200 m, representing a cross with equilateral triangles on three ends. If desired, it is possible to find a clear resemblance to the archetypal symbols of the tree (such as the Aztecs and Sumerians).
Very interesting, and found there were quite impressive (up to a meter long) stone slabs with punched holes in them in the middle, from which protruded the remains of petrified wood. Members of the expedition found them similar to Etruscan anchors — this, perhaps we can agree …
As a complement searches traces of ancient civilizations of North storyline was shown two years ago in one of the programs of Russian television. Went to the same areas of the Kola Peninsula and is focused on stories of local residents expedition television journalists found among nearly impenetrable thickets some stone blocks, resembling cubes and parallelepipeds with edge order of a meter or more — that is, weight over a ton. They were arranged randomly and in principle they, of course, could be mistaken for the remains relatively modern fortsooruzheny. But, first, they too were far from potential war zones at the border, and secondly, the current military engineers granite is not in vogue, concrete enough, and, thirdly, for many miles from the place of discovery was no road access, and the pull of gravity dragging such a long time is not accepted.
The most interesting show Skolkov made with granite blocks. Held in Moscow by several independent methods of geological and mineralogical analyzes confirmed, first, artificial treatment of their surfaces, and secondly, given the approximate age — about 8-10 thousand years. Last good fit in with the idea of the existence of Hyperborea, but does not correspond to the current historical and archaeological views — because, apparently, the representatives of official science prefer this finding is simply not seen (well at least from Arkaim in their time, have shrugged).
Further evidence for the existence of Hyperborea flashed in print in 2003. It seems that the British expedition underwater archaeologists found in shallow waters of the North Sea (at a depth of 8 m) the remains of two cities and estimated their age as much in 10 thousand years! How realized is what is the mysterious ruins of buildings, to the general public remains unknown, but because of the authenticity of this message remains anyone's guess.
So that the ground for research and reflection remains. Also nice to know that the mysterious North Atlantis — Hyperborea may not somewhere far away, and very close to us.