According to the school and high school history textbooks and the opinion of the Church Slavonic, Russian alphabet created "solunskie brothers" Cyril and Methodius. And this lie in Russia promoted by the All-Russian festival of the Day of Slavic Literature and Culture (Day of Saints Cyril and Methodius). Although the Pannonian life of Cyril and Methodius in black and white it is said that the brothers had seen and used to create their alphabet books written "Ruska writings."
There are other data on Russian literature, existed prior to the Baptism of Russia, so that the agreement of the Grand Prince Oleg Romeo defeated by 911, the said written will Russes. In the contract of Prince Igor from 944 for the same Byzantine Empire — the princely letters to merchants and ambassadors who were sent to Constantinople. Pagan Russia was literate — it is a historical fact, and excellence in literacy Russia before the barbarian kingdoms of Europe persisted for centuries. If there is even the kings and supreme lords were illiterate, not to mention the townspeople and peasants who were literate in the main members of the clergy and Jews. In Russia, there was a significant layer of literate citizens, and even villagers, this is confirmed by archaeologists found on birch bark.
Recent studies, scientists have identified the fact that the history of writing in slavyanorusov goes back thousands of years, so that the oldest inscriptions in ancient Crete and Greece, which could translate to any one language of the world, succumbed to the decipherment only with Russian. Russian language has preserved many roots (more than the other languages of Indo-European language group), which date back to the ancient one language the white race, which is why between Russian and Sanskrit so much in common.
And pagan Russia, unlike views Russophobes that introduce distortions to their stereotypes of people's consciousness, was not "wild" country swamps and forests, where our ancestors ran in raw hides of animals and prayed stumps, was a highly developed civilization. Russia would defend its borders from the most famous conquerors like the Persians, of Alexander the Great, the Roman legions; mnogosotkilometrovye build powerful line of defense, such as snakes and Trajan Shafts was a country of castles have several kinds of writing.
So, before the Baptism in was extended so-called "velesovitsa" — it was just, the most common writing system for the common people, messaging, production and trading activities. Since then slavyanorusy lived in communities, such an "initial" literacy can have almost all the teachers were "nymphs", part of the Russian priests. That book, written "velesovitsey" fell into the hands of "the Enlightenment" — the Gospel and the Book of Psalms. Why do the heathen rusam Gospel and the Psalter, written in Russian? The answer is simple: for centuries Christianity penetrated into Russia, a number of castles, especially in the south, there were Christian communities. So, in Kiev, they lived in a suburb of Ugrian, there converted to Christianity at the tomb of Prince Askold was built the church of St.. Nicholas. They translated the Bible into Russian.
Constantine the Philosopher (Cyril) and Methodius, having been in the Russian city of Korsun, which was then under the control of the Khazars, studied these books and developed their own written language, which is adapted to facilitate the translation from Greek into Russian for the brothers add some more man-letters and several previously existing in the Russian "velesovitse" letters modernized under similar Greek. Thus was created this new language, which he called "Cyrillic". After the "Christianization" of Russia was held "reform writing" old books were destroyed. New written to "Newspeak", the story of "formatted" in the right way for the rulers.
And we need to know and remember that Russian writing existed thousands of years before Christianity in Russia. And Cyril and Methodius, the creators of Russian literature is not, and the reformers of the time of writing. The benefit of the process is in our time — offers translation of Russian literature to Latin distributed regularly.
Grinevich GS Proto-Slavic alphabet. The results of decoding. M., 1993
Chudinov VA Riddles Slavic Literature. Moscow, 2002.
Chudinov VA Russian runes. M., 2006.