The results of 2010 (Part II)

Continued from — Part I

"Bulava" missile stubbornly unwilling to fly, became famous throughout the world ever more bad start attempts.

The main developer of the new instruments for nuclear submarine appears ready to admit that it did not work Main developer of an intercontinental ballistic missile "Bulava" sea-based chief designer of the Metropolitan Institute of Heat Engineering academician Yuri Solomonov did perceptible statement. According to him, the need to string up quite small, and long-suffering "Mace" still fly. However, not a submarine, here at Solomon with it somehow did not have long leaves. On the ground can get even better … In short, a sensation academician defined as: "Interspecies unification, in general, when taken missile" Bulava "and is used, for example, in the complex ground-based — this task is basically realized." It is only necessary, they say, a little more sweat. "What's to fit, I can not say it's proprietary information — reveal the secrets of chief designer. — But insignificance part parts of the structure, in terms of value — is less than 10 percent will have to be adapted to the ground operation.

Academician Yuri Solomonov

These extensive explanations of head designer hunt to give him a tip: maybe we should change the title? And what will help, because, as the famous cartoon character used to say, as the ship you call so the ship will sail.

Russian corrupt officials have discovered a new kind of corrupt transactions, under the title "Elite's classified corruption" in the army.

Deputies of the State Duma of the planned budget found the "secret" loophole is not verifiable by the Parliament (on defense about 30% — are secret). Members of the Russian administration in the state to "impose" the Russian government to find a purchase, pay for it out of the budget and find where it will be "rolled back". Output for observations: sell better over the limit, agreeing exactly with sales. Projects of this kind can now support only the part of the elite, which is interested in the legitimation of their own capital in the West. Or provide for themselves Western guarantees of their own political future after the change of senior management.

Approximately the evolving situation with the purchase of "Mistral" UAV basements and boats. There are plenty of schemes in which "sawn" budgets. For example, in October, the Ministry of Defence has announced a tender but the construction of helicopter. Striking is not that the tender was announced, and the fact that without waiting for the outcome of trading, the Russian government has already voted, who will be the winner of this tender.

Strengthening the pro-Western lobby in the Russian elite to be associated with the process, "cashing in Russian style." Under the cover of the propaganda machine part of the corrupt elite (and their patrons mandatory) in a hurry to reincarnate the highest ratings of MIC — the countries through loans in hard currency. But these funds are not for the development of the country and in offshore pocket. In addition, last year, the French company Thales signed an agreement for the transfer of licenses for the establishment of Catherine thermal imaging cameras for T-90 tanks. A trial batch of these vehicles was purchased in 2008. This year, Vologda Optical and Mechanical Plant will begin production of licensed thermal imagers in the amount of 20-30 pieces per month. And in the end, the Defense Ministry began negotiations to purchase the new French outfit "foot soldier of the future" Felin. However, according to the head of the General Staff Nikolai Makarov, will be bought only eight sets "to compare with our gear."

As said, a past president Vladimir Putin, no matter who is now the President of the Russian Federation, will all soon "as planned" France — a country that is known for the introduction of corrupt practices when selling guns over the limit. Believing in unselfishness lobbyists "Mistral" somehow does not hunt, especially in the face of more and more corruption scandals in Russia. The deputies of the State Duma, the mayors of large cities, assistant ministers, admirals involved in corruption schemes in the field of defense procurement. Now it turns out that our homeland is ready to support in time of crisis, the French and the German shipbuilding industry, to develop the aviation industry in Israel, forgetting his own shipbuilding and aviation industry. Shameful to hear that our homeland is ready to take the Israeli weapon to harm their "defense industry".

The current Chief of Staff of Russian armed forces, Gen. Nikolai Makarov so conditioned puzzles "We are working on the issue of the purchase of a trial lot of Israeli UAVs." It will be manufactured only in this case, "if our industry will not be able to release in the last time, those drones that we need." The bureaucrats of the Ministry of Defense want to earn huge amounts of money on the background is not the best situation in our military-industrial complex.

Speaking of foreign purchases of "drones", you need to look further. If we say a word about it, means we almost refuse to GLONASS, as the Israeli air drone operating system for GPS. The owners of private cars "encouraged" to take only the successors of GLONASS. But how to explain why the GPS receivers are $ 400, and the Russian system of more than $ 1200? So Makar, the Defense Ministry bureaucrats are willing to make the decision to abandon the State Duma of the need to buy Russian weapons. The first big zabugornoy military procurement was the purchase of Russian military department of the Israeli firm Israel Aerospace Industries 12 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) 3 different types. This lightweight, portable systems, mini-UAV Bird-Eye 400, tactical I-View MK150 and moderate class UAV Searcher Mk II. Their total price — $ 53 million deliveries will begin in 2010, negotiations for the purchase of the second party.

With all this, Israeli drones altogether inapplicable to RF. The reason — the basing of the airfield. Israeli drone is usually operated in the same way as ordinary plane. He takes off from an airfield in the exploration and vorachivaetsya the airfield. This is applicable for tiny Israel with constantly good weather.

At least some Russian unmanned complex is organized very differently — like a mobile missile system, and the UAV is operated similarly to a rocket. Russian drone is usually stored and transported in a container freight launcher, start with this installation in any location where it will deliver, and vorachivaetsya to the launch to landing on unequipped area. It is clear that our home does not have such a dense network of airfields to exploit unmanned aerial vehicles anywhere own large areas, and with a very different, not Middle Eastern weather criteria.

By doing so, Russian government country almost gives up the defense, shall be removed from the environment are not overloaded branches of the industry, advanced, export competitive, economically very profitable industries. Our homeland is uniformly can be reincarnated as a backward third world country, inefficient, with Zapyataev production, commodity economy, procuring finished products abroad and therefore Makar supporting through the export of production and financial resources, the Western economies.

In this regard, I would like to remind you that, being approximately in the same situation, Japan decided not t
o equip its armed forces only Western materiel, and at least some of them to make their own. Although the resulting tanks and aircraft were at equal performance characteristics more expensive than Western counterparts, but it means "not gone" out of the country, and national research universities and defense companies were able to stay afloat and keep highly qualified staff. The same method is now more than a year go to China and India — they tend not to get off the shelf technology abroad, or a license to enter the establishment, or to make a joint AMSE standards, or just copy them and start producing in-house. .

Buying a helicopter class Mistral.

To this day, all attempts to realize these ships in the world market proved inconclusive. France, having built two ships for its own Navy, was required to complete their construction, and exposed the ship as a tender for the competition in Australia, when Australia decided to choose a type of amphibious assault ship for their own forces. Canberra firmly insisted, that both ships were built in the shipyards of Australia, while the Paris yielded zabugornom employees only one ship — the second has been built in France. The main premise of the refusal of the Australian Navy "Mistral" in favor of his Spanish rival have never overcome differences over the place 2-built ships. Secondly, Australians rated Mistral as "too complicated ship, having some difficulties with the seaworthiness and very expensive." Mistral can not be held to discover any unique technology or unique weapons, which would not be able to independently create our homeland.

Technical properties of the class amphibious assault helicopter carrier Mistral.

It has a standard displacement of 156.5 thousand tons, total — 21.3 thousand tons. When filled dock — 32.3 thousand tons. Its length — 199 meters, width — 32 m, draft — 6.2 meters. Full speed — 18.8 knots. Range — up to 19.8 thousand miles.

Helicopter ship group includes 16 aircraft (8 and 8 amphibious combat assault helicopter). Immediately on the flight deck may be located 6 helicopters.

In addition, the ship can carry four landing craft or two hovercraft to 13 main battle tanks or up to 70 vehicles, and up to 470 troops (short 900). On board the "Mistral" is equipped with a command center area of 850 square meters. meters, which can run up to 200 people. It is well arranged and allows the use of "Mistral" to control various operations and the scale of cross-species groups of troops (forces), including those carried out off-line, the actions of the squadron, fleets or fleet.

In addition, the ship has a hospital with 69 beds (their number can be increased, but nekordinalno), two operating rooms and X-ray rooms. In the Mistral fascinating, first power unit. The French have always been strong in the development of the economy engines. A distinctive feature of the propulsion system is the lack of massive propeller shafts, as the two propellers are placed in special rotating gondolas — range of rotation is 360 degrees. This design makes the main drivers of the vehicle more agile, which is especially important when moving around the coast.

The truth is not clear how performance will be restored abortnyh GED if they refused without proof? A ship without a movement — it is not a ship, and a simple target. The only advantage of a French ship — the cruising range.

Mistral is designed to carry troops and cargo, landing troops, can be used as a command ship. At the current time a French Navy with 2 ships of this type — "Mistral L.9013 and Tonnerre L.9014" It's a big ship after the aircraft carrier "Charles de Gaulle".

Technological properties of the class amphibious helicopter Juan Carlos I as either believe Australians DVKD class "Canberra" and monotype "Adelaide" is scheduled to be built for the Royal Australian Navy by 2013 and 2015 year. Practice, the amphibious assault ship is docking, the distinguishing feature of which is a solid flight deck with bow springboard for the take-off of aircraft with short takeoff and vertical landing. Apart from the 12 helicopters also provides the basing of up to six tactical fighter aircraft — in our case, it would be the MiG-29K. ship can be used as a substitute for an aircraft carrier the implementation of its repair in dry dock.

It has a length of 230.82 m, the highest width — 32 m, the largest displacement — 27563 tons and a draft — 6 m.Korabl develops the highest speed up to 21 knots (39 km / h) and provides transportation of equipment and personnel to a distance of 9,000 nautical miles (16,000 km) at speeds of 15 knots (28 km / h). The ship's crew consists of 243 people unchanging staff.

The ship can also be transported indoors to 902 paratroopers with equipment and up to 46 main battle tanks Leopard.

Because it was more profitable for Russia to purchase Spanish amphibious dock vertoletonosea Juan Carlos I

In the French-Russian deal on the "Mistral" clear visible only for the benefit of France. Sarkozy is using the deal to "Mistral" as bait to do business with Russia in a wider range. Sarkozy wants the deal to achieve guarantees for business contacts with Russian French business. For example, a company GDF Suez will receive 9% of "Nord Stream". President Sarkozy confirmed that negotiations for the sale of the Russian Federation 4 landing craft class "Mistral". "Mistral" — a helicopter, which we will create for Russia without military equipment ", if will be sold, will be deprived of electrical and computer systems. Unclear how modern technology can not sell the" Mistral "for what it is then generally unnecessary.

Official Moscow led to this condition as one of the main characteristics of the transaction being discussed. In addition, in France — it's first big market, and the sale of "Mistral" rescue from bankruptcy shipyard in Saint-Nazaire on the Atlantic coast. In case of signing such contract the work of French industry will be provided for a couple of years. The command of the French Navy has been highlighted by the fact that by optimizing the costs of various articles, the introduction of Innovative engineering solutions and sectional construction of ships of this type not only reduced construction time series, and almost 30% could reduce the amount of the total cost of program there.

In the western shipbuilding has long been a trend in the use of civilian military shipbuilding technology, it allows you to reduce the cost and construction of the ships to use standardized equipment on warships and civilian vessels. But all of this unification is not the best way affects the survivability of the ship; Although Russian ships can be more expensive, because it is not used such a profound unification of equipment with civilian fleet (which is true), they will only gain in reliability, survivability, and other fundamental properties. Unfortunately, these requirements are mutually exclude each other: if you want cheaper and easier — get one, you want to ensure the stability of the military — get more. Warships and are built for fighting, not for pleasure trips on bolshennomu Barrier Reef or the Caribbean. Just about at the moment to have forgotten. And especially this sin just Western companies, for whom the issue of low-cost goes to the first place.

Alleged failure of. As a part of the Russian Navy landing ship dock vertoletonosny class "Mistral", in case of purchase from France, will be used solely as a command ship, the Defense Ministry is considering an amphibious ship as a secondary function of the inherent multi-purpose vehicle. The
Russians have to take this ship. 450 million euros, which we have to pay for the purchase of the lead ship, and about the same amount that we must pay for a license to create each subsequent ship, give us a total amount of almost difficulties billion euros, which in practice we have to give France.

Ship for the Russian Federation will be based on civilian standards — without weapons and radar. But if it makes sense to buy the series, it is necessary to take the first ready-made. Starting the official position of the Russian Federation is this: buy one ship, the other three are building on areas of our country. Construction of huge ships — is also the jobs and support the military-industrial complex. For Russian shipbuilders is also an additional opportunity to develop new European technologies. But in the process of negotiation, Our homeland retreated from the plan. French President Sarkozy proposed that only two ships can be built in Russia. "Two and two — it was a reasonable agreement," — he saw, implying that the two "Mistral" will descend from the stocks in France, and two more — in Russia.

Construction of the "Mistral" will take the company STX France and DCNS. Naval experts at uhohotalis the phrase Chief of the General Staff Nikolai Makarov "According to the Ministry of Defence, Mistral consumes 2 — 3 times less fuel than our landing craft! The French made a breakthrough in the global naval power? Their efficiency of the power plant in 2 — 3 times higher than all ships of other? Become clear what "educated" specialists sit in our hot lover Defense!

Chief of the General Staff Nikolai Makarov said that our motherland can purchase a French helicopter carrier plus technology for its production. "We have no ships of this class. Our large landing ships here and there are 3-4 times less" Mistral. "This is not the only amphibious ship — yavna its versatility: it is a helicopter carrier and command ship, and landing ship, and an infirmary and a transport ship, and all the latest feature to give him is not difficult at best rather short period of time. In addition, the Navy "Mistral" is engaged in transportation of people and goods, combating submarines and rescue of people in unavoidable situations, "- said in an interview with broadcaster commander" Russia Today ". Russian Navy wants to use the" Mistral ", in the case of its purchase from France, as the command ship. Lude laughs! Take Mistral, a ship management (and even more four ships in the end), as an auxiliary fleet — this is taxpayers' money down the drain! With all of this amphibious ship function is regarded as a low priority. The fact that the Russian ships carried troops landed in at least some circumstances in all the criteria for a particular approach to the foreshore and in the home, Mistral — only transfer technology. These ships are used to actually own a delivery vehicle landing craft themselves such ( landing craft) are not being.

Why Our homeland buys helicopter? Much more important reasons — why and what our homeland buys helicopter, and why France — a NATO member — not just agree to a similar deal, and in fact encourages Russia to purchase. Purchasing a grave in France (21 tons displacement) amphibious assault ship to Russia today is stupid. Such a large landing ship needed to wire the amphibious assault landing in distant countries of the Russian Federation. And then to cover such a huge need an escort ship — the cruiser, a pair of destroyers, besides aircraft carrier (which in Russia is not). In the event of a major war this "Mistral" in the Russian Navy is transformed into a huge target. Has long been clear to all that the distant shores of the Russian Federation will be able to throw out their own Marines will not soon for all fleets only marine brigade.

The severe shortage of ships — rather weak armament, not providing reliable self-defense against many threats, or severe (ASM, torpedoes, frogmen-saboteurs), but this error can be corrected rearmament Russian ship gun systems. Landing troops with heavy machinery on unequipped coast without the help of other "Mistral" can not produce, only with a tank-landing pontoons. With 50 years of this procedure is long and complex: filling the chamber with water dock and out of her pontoons take several hours. Immediately all the equipment they take to the water's edge can not. Need to make several trips. The entire process of landing takes a lot of hard times. During this procedure, "Mistral" filled with docking camera is quite vulnerable. In general, the paratroopers helicopters on saving value delivered promptly. But … without heavy weapons and armored vehicles. The main "Mistral" does not fit into the concept now fighting the introduction of Russian marines. Having adopted such a ship, our fleet will not be able to use it to conduct those amphibious operations, which are practiced in decades, or at least not get the last of it meaningful assistance to carry out such operations. Helicopter carrier "Mistral" is not suitable for landing operations and it will be difficult to adapt Russian equipment. This ship NATO military equipment means "without modern equipment. bought a product bundling," empty box + chassis ", but in fact an empty shell can cook and our shipbuilders.'s hard to imagine a situation where the French will make the body, and we will install it on your snap-in. hard priladit quite alien to the housing project with some overall properties, Russian armament, electrical equipment and other technological components. To do this, at least, it is necessary that the French engineers were building the ship with our shipbuilders.

An additional reason for which the ship is not needed, Russian helicopters to the French hangars and elevators do not cram. Experience has been. When the "Mistral" has gone on a visit to St. Petersburg, Russian Ka-52 and Ka-27 successfully sat on his deck, but later found out that the Russian rotorcraft in height do not fit into the lumen of the elevator because they could not be lowered into the helicopter hangar. Little confusion quickly "hushed up." So at this point we Mistral — is not needed, it may be 15-20 years will be needed — but we hope that by the time our homeland, though will be able to do without it.

Russian Navy needs UDC displacement of 28,000 tons, with diving and arresting gear, which is applicable for 6.4-based MiG-29K. More would have approached the Spanish Juan Carlos I has a bow ramp for takeoff aircraft with short takeoff and vertical landing. French can afford to build for yourself a cheap helicopter type "Mistral". RF needs of ocean-going landing craft with their good defense, including a secured carrier-based fighter. Our homeland is buying completely useless ship, do not fit into the Navy under no sauce, no guns self-defense, without escorts and without the presence of most Marines. The only thing that can "Mistral" is to arrange cruises to the Minister of Defence, Chief of Defence Staff and their entourage, and the Chief of Navy.

Many defense companies are not yet ready for mass production sverhtehnologichny weapons systems. According to him Vladislav Putilin (Deputy Chairman of the Military-Industrial Commission (MIC) of the Russian Federation) only 36% of strategic companies financially healthy, and 25% are on the verge of bankruptcy. The structure of Russian defense industry comes to 948 strategic companies and organizations that are subject to rules of paragraph 5 of Chapter IX of the Federal Law "On Insolvency (Bankruptcy)", providing special rules of bankruptcy. At the current time in respect of 44 of them filed bankruptcy.

According to the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation, 170 strategic enterprises and organizations of the military-industrial complex have signs of bankruptcy. Moreover,
with respect to 150 strategic enterprises and organizations of the tax authorities have ordered the recovery of debts due to their property, which are focused on the implementation of the bailiffs. Additional objects and defense did the delay in the transfer of funds by the state defense order. As a benchmark we analyze the aviation industry companies and armored engineering.

Over the past few years the defense managed to make some very large debts.

In the aviation industry: the RAC "MiG" — 44 billion. rub., MMP. VVChernysheva — 22 billion., NPK "Irkut" the company "Sukhoi" — about $ 30 billion. And armored engineering — for example FSUE "Omsk Transport Machine-Building Plant" produces tanks T-80 and T-80UK. Accounts receivable of the company is 1.5 billion. rub. In 2008, between the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and JSC "SPC" Uralvagonzavod "was awarded a 3 year contract for the purchase of 189 tanks (tank to 63 per year). In 2010, the Ministry of Defence had planned to buy 261 new T-90 tank, which produces JSC "SPC" Uralvagonzavod ". If the order is for the purchase of tanks on 18000000000. rub. all the same comes true, then the plant will have a chance to pay off their debt — 61 billion. rub.

Despite the fact that in recent years the Russian Federation managed to regain some lost ground in world trade instrument, success can not be overestimated. After all, the basis of the crisis in the field of military-technical cooperation are not only and not so much the imperfection of the municipal government (though it is also fundamentally) as prepyadstviya manufacturers of military hardware. According to many military technologies Our homeland is still at the level of 1970-1980's. State defense companies and their significant technological dependence on suppliers zabugornyh remain critical.

Thus, compared with 1992, the establishment of military aircraft dropped 17 times, military helicopters — to 5 aircraft missiles — to 23 munitions — more than 100 times. Alarmingly lowering properties of products for military purposes (PVN). Costs to eliminate defects in the manufacturing process, testing and operation of HRP reach 50% of the total cost of its ready. While in economically developed countries, this figure does not exceed 20%. The main reason — the wear of the main equipment, which reached 75%, and a very low level of modernization: the rate of renewal of equipment is less than 1% per year with little need need 8-10%.

In recent years, lowering properties of PVN and increased incidence of non-compliance with contractual obligations deadlines Russian MTC, coupled with unjustified price increase of military hardware, have become noticeably affect the relations in the field of military-technical cooperation with classical Russian buyers PVN (first with India and China), and as a consequence, the scope of supply. Defense companies are not fully controlled by the implementation of contracts. Some foreign customers have to stand in line for a Russian gun. However, while not entirely clear how to keep the cost of 2011 for the entire range of military equipment, which is going to buy the military in the industry until 2020. Budgeted deflators for some reason are always less than the actual inflation rate and the increase in the price of materials and devices for the end product.

In the end, all the programs from the arms through 5 years are unbalanced, and the amount of the shortfall of funds and, as it should, not received by the troops technique achieves 30-50%. A comparison of sales of defense products for export to the procurement of defense products to the benefit of the Defense Ministry has shown that for many years the sales of weapons and military equipment (AME) to foreign countries exceeded the volume of domestic purchases and only in recent years has tended to boost domestic demand.

And if in 2000-2003 the Russian Federation military spending accounted for about 30-32% of the total exports of defense products, in 2004-2005 were comparable, and since 2006 have exceeded the volume of exports in 2006 amounted to 114.6% in 2007 year — 132,6%. These data reflect not only the improvement of the economic situation in the country, observed in the last five or six years, and the change to the state of affairs of the country's Armed Forces, requiring the re-equipment and modernization.

In the federal budget for 2009-2011 provides a significant increase in purchases of defense products, regardless of the monetary crisis. Degradation of the Scientific-Technical Complex has led to the fact that, despite the growth of the state defense order, the creation of the latest generation of the arms can not be done. Segodnyaschy situation makes the risk of national security of the Russian Federation.

On the ideas of Sergei Rogov, director of the Institute of USA and Canada, the leading countries of the West R & D spending 2-3% of GDP, including the United States — 2.7%, while countries such as Japan, Sweden, Israel, achieving 3.5-4.5% of GDP. Very highest rates of increase R & D spending China (1.7% of GDP). It is expected that in the next decade, China will overtake the U.S. in terms of spending. The rapidly grow R & D spending in India. By 2012, they will reach 2% of GDP. European Alliance has put puzzle increment R & D spending to 3% of GDP. Shred spending on defense research and development of the Russian Federation — 0.6% of GDP on civilians science — 0.4%. For comparison: in the last years of the USSR total expenditure on R & D amounted to 3.6-4.7% of GDP. Unfortunately, in Russia fraction of the costs of basic research is only 0.16% of GDP.

In the developed countries, the cost for basic research are 0.5-0.6% of GDP. Countries — Following the global science research policy has two sides. On the one hand, the government directly funds research, and on the other — with the help of tax measures provokes spending on R & D personnel sector. In Russia, according to the OECD, the tax system does not encourage and prejudice research and development expenses. Russian business expenses on R & D is 7-10 times lower than in advanced countries. Only three Russian companies are among the world's 1,000 largest companies by size of R & D costs.

It is surprising that the satisfaction of inquiries of "Rosoboronexport" enjoys an advantage over the needs of the Armed Forces. In Russia, is an issue: what is more important for the country — Orders MO or "Rosoboronexport"? It is thought that the contracts of "Rosoboronexport" is more important, since domestic prices inferior to export. That's why "Uralvagonzavod" can not begin to create the new T-95 tank support combat vehicle (BMPT).

Autonomy remains a key element of the Russian defense doctrine. One of the main goals of the latest policy for defense labeled "avoidance of critical dependence on the supply of devices defense products and materials of foreign production." Fully reflected the aspirations of the heads of the companies defense: the government will promote the unique equipment and lease to Russian defense industry. Difficulties of Russian electrical component base, as well as electronics, special metallurgy and fine chemical products, will be addressed through federal programs and motivated public-private partnership.

The control system defense industry in Russia has been reviewed 6 times. As a result, the level of management down from the Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation to the control of the Department of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation. The activities of the different actors involved in the development of different types of military products, are not coordinated with the Federal Law of 26 September 2002 № 127-FZ "On Insolvency (Bankruptcy)".

This law has softened the requirements for the strategic defense industry companies in
terms of signs of insolvency and established an enlarged list of measures aimed at preventing them from bankruptcy. But this law asks a number of configurations. In particular, this refers to the order of sovereign guarantees on the obligations of strategic companies in the period of their financial health, restrict the rights of creditors on the disposition of property of the debtor, the rights of the owner of mobilization (spare) capacity.

It is proposed that in the adjusted law was spelled right initiation of bankruptcy of strategic enterprises only to the government or the Russian Federation instituted bankruptcy proceedings after removal from the enterprise strategic status.

A bad policy exists in the pricing of products CMO. At the moment the prices for military products approved by the customer in accordance with departmental regulations on the basis of calculations of costs submitted by the main executor of the order. Often the approved product prices DIC not correspond to the growth rates of natural monopolies. As a result, prices for military products constantly grow. Because, in spite of the yearly increase in spending for public defense contracts, funds for the purchase of new modern weapons is not enough.

Not yet been such an important problem of solutions for defense, as taxation. Earthen tax, property tax, other taxes that strategic defense companies now have to pay, have become a major reform of its brakes. Executives defense companies for many years can reach the abolition of value added tax on advance payments, which are conducted under contracts within the municipal defense contracts, according to defense industry companies' profits.

At this point you need to revise the goals and objectives of the weapons complex. Must surely be aware of who we're going to fight a war, what it requires and what types of arms, respectively, should be the state defense order. If there is no sane defense contracts, there will be no defense industry. The industry can not preserve and throw up the best times. The equipment will become obsolete morally and physically, it rastaschat, professionals will not. Because canned back even more expensive than a new build on the new site. While this awareness is not, the situation will only get worse.

Also in 2010 year scored another sensational event. It turned out that the business is thriving awards and medals, under the auspices of the country. In the Russian sector of the global network has an unheard of to the village website — the service: now at least some of a Russian citizen, and even stranger, having enough money, can order for themselves the merit of vending Russia with the "Catalogue of departmental awards and the public." Within 15-20 days by paying a certain amount, a lover of "tsatsek" will receive by mail a departmental medal or award with blank certificate. At the request and the availability of additional funds, the credit will be awarded in a festive atmosphere in any prestigious institution of Moscow with the relevant speeches and banquet. In the directory of more than 23,000 public and departmental orders, medals, frachnyh characters. Price list is available at zasluga.ru. Variation in prices from 1200 to 376,000 rubles. — According to our Constitution, the Russians have the right to wear the merits of both the USSR and Russia. Order of the Soviet Union — 22 items, medals of the USSR — 58. The merits of — 26 medals, 6 characters differences, 21 medals. Other names of 22,827 awards — from insidious.

The fact that at the moment is a premium Russian system, you will not find any of our peers, or world history. Devalued and front-line combat service of the USSR. Made personal structure for premium business. Released the "Catalogue of departmental and public awards." And it seems that it is profitable to many. The Russian government — since less thrifty spending. Business, because if you want to do things — pay the right person awarding the medal or public order, and the case is made. If we talk about pure outside, the glittering tinsel of some new-fangled craft surpassed. But the thing that loses the merit of its own primordial sense. It is now often receive not for the courage and valor, and, indeed, for the money or for the connection to the higher echelons of government and business.

Here are a few quotations on other merits. Show business can be delivered to the Ministry of Defence departmental medal № 021/MO «Major General Alexander Alexandrov" for 4000 rubles. The one who is interested in collaboration with Ministry of Internal Affairs, it is helpful to get public MDV number 126/MVD medal "For the award of management" at the cost of 4,000 rubles, or the public order "For merits» № 108/MVD, for 3500 rubles.

Created a huge series of departmental awards, special regime which even hard to understand. In the first place — the merits of the Ministry of Defence 32 medals, lapel characters — 92 characters just -22, public medals MO — 22.Glavnoe Intelligence Directorate (GRU): Public medals — 9, public symbols — 24.VDV: Public medals — 22, public symbols — 18. Air Force: Public medals — 27, public symbols — 19. Navy: public orders — 3, public medals — 183, public symbols — 583. Amazingly, law enforcement and special services of the Russian Federation "did not notice" that all these references merit in free circulation and can be purchased throughout the territory of Russia in the stores of "Alloy", Metropolitan Plant Awards, Capital Mint, and now on the web of . In general, a system of awards of the Russian Federation to bring at least a simple order.

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