"Two Views of the beginning of Russian history. In our historical literature is dominated by two different views of the beginning of our history. One of them is contained in the critical study of ancient chronicles, compiled by a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the XVIII., The famous German scientist Schlozer in German and published in the beginning of the last century. Here are the main features of Shletserova gaze that held Karamzin Pogodin Soloviev.
Up to half of the IX., That is, until the arrival of the Vikings, the vast area of our plains, from Novgorod to Kiev on the Dnieper River to the right and left, it was wild and empty, darkness covered: people lived here, but without a government, like the beasts, and birds filled their forests. In this vast desert, inhabited by the poor, who lived scattered savages, Slavs and Finns, the first fruits of citizenship were first recorded visitors from Scandinavia, the Vikings, about half of the IX .. Known (imposed) to us a picture of manners of the Eastern Slavs such as its composer drew Tale of early Russian land, seem to justify this view. Here we read that the Eastern Slavs to the adoption of Christianity lived "Zverinskaya, the cattle" in the woods, like all animals, killing each other, they all ate unclean, lived solitary, scattered and hostile to one another birth, "zhivyahu kozhdo with his race and in their mesteh owning kozhdo hails her. " So (it turned out) that our history should begin no earlier than half of the IX. image of the primary historical process that started all of human society, the picture out of the wild state.
Another look at the beginning of our history, the exact opposite of the first. He began to spread in our literature some time after the first (version history), the writers of the XIX century. The most complete expression of it can be found in the writings of Professor of Moscow State University and Mr. Belyaev Zabelin, in Volume I of his "History of Russian life since ancient times." Here are the main features of their sight. Eastern Slavs originally inhabiting where they know our home record, here, within the Russian Plain, they settled, maybe even a few centuries before the birth of X (Christ). Designating as its starting point, the researchers of this trend represent a long and complex historical process, which from small primitive tribal unions grew in Eastern Slavs whole tribes, tribes of the city arose ….
Following this view, we have to start our long history of BC, almost from the time of Herodotus, in any case, for many centuries before calling the princes, because even before their arrival in the eastern Slavs had established quite a complex and elaborated social system , otlivshiysya into solid political forms. "
And even after reading the famous legend of the vocation to Rus Vikings no I could not tell, and that was in my country, before calling the Vikings, what knowledge about the world and the universe owned our ancestors? Here is the famous legend of the Varangians:
"Legend of the vocation of the Vikings and the origin of Rus'" Nestor says in "The Tale of Bygone Years" under 862 (this date is conditional, the chronicler did not know the exact year), that these tribes revolted and expelled the Normans across the sea — the Baltic, or Varangian, as it called in. But when they began to "own themselves", they had no "truth" — kind of got to race, began strife. Then they decided to look for a prince, that he rules "by right" — by law.
Chud, the Slovenes and krivichi sent messengers over the sea to the Varangians, who called themselves the "Rus". Ambassadors pronounced, according to the chronicle, the famous phrase: "Our land is great and rich, and the order (" together ") in it. Come and reign over us. " In response to the "elite" three brothers — Rurik, Truvor Sineus and — with his birth and took with them "all Russia." From this Varangian Rus, says Nestor, and was called the Russian land.
It chronicles the legend of the vocation of the Varangian princes caused a lot of controversy among historians. She was considered a fiction, because in Scandinavia was no Varangian tribe named "Rus". But linguists have found that the name "Rus" was not a tribal. It meant "rowers" — squad participating in the march on the rowing, rowing boats. This word was in Swedish as "Rote" and Estonians — the descendants of recorded Chud — still called Sweden "Roots." Chud first met with these "rowers" on Varangian Sea and gave them the name of the Slavs. Both called the Vikings coming to Eastern Europe for rowing boats, Rus. In the campaigns in the West Norse Vikings called themselves — participants voyage. "
Similarly, miraculously preserved Scripture Slavs — "Veles book" announced today a number of scientists fake. In this chapter I will give some arguments in favor of the truth of the knowledge contained in the book of Veles. Consider a series of excerpts from the book AI Aces — "Veles book": "Veles book — is the scripture of ancient Slavs. It was carved on beech boards Novgorod priests in IX. n. e. and is dedicated to the god Veles.
This book describes the history of the ancestors of the Slavs and other European and Asian nations from the time of the legendary ancestors, as well as historical time, which we define as the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, and up to the IX century AD. It gives us a spiritual universe of ancient Rus, and embodied experience of three thousand years of spiritual quest, struggle, victories and defeats of the many peoples who inhabited Eurasia. Veles book — the only extant scripture Europe.
Today, we can read the "Iliad" and "Odyssey" by Homer, "Aeneid" Virgil, "Metamorphoses" by Ovid. However, from the sacred books of the ancient Greeks and Romans: from "Rapsodicheskoy Theogony" Orpheus, from essays to Moses, from the "Sibylline books" have reached us only fragments. Ancient myths and sacred history we know of paraphrases and transcriptions of ancient authors. Preserved Scandinavian epic, collected in the XIII century, songs skaldic "Edda" and "Younger Edda." From the sacred books of druids were only later Irish legends.
In this series, Veles book has a special place, because it is — the priestly book, but because the text — the oldest tradition in Europe. And not only in Europe. Tales of ancestral Veles book are related with stories of ancient Indian Vedas and ancient Iranian Avestan literature. Tales of Veles book progenitors are similar and the legends of the biblical patriarchs.
We have been given the opportunity to feel the spirit of ancient Slavic culture. I believe that the phenomenon of Veles book — the ancient history of progenitors (V-II millennium BC. Oe.) Speaks of the early days of Russian Revival.
Veles book resolves a long-standing dispute about the origin of the Slavs. It plunges us into the vortex of historical events, describes the fate of the various peoples, tribes involved in the birth of Slavic and Russian ethnic groups.
Russ and Slavs in Veles book — it Dazhbog grandchildren. From Dazhbog born grandparents Bohumír and arias. From Bohumír Slavuni and his wife, according to the Book of Veles occurred Tree, Field and Screven, and from there went — clearing and drevlyans krivichi. Of Arius and of his sons Kyi, Schek and Horeb — are kind of clearing (these, in contrast to the descendants of field, probably — lyashskie), Czechs and Croats. Among grandparents and brothers are mentioned — Eng, Skiff and Wendy, from which the Russes, Scythians and Wendy.
Many Slavic peoples are descended from the Aria, which is easy to learn the famous son of the Greek myth of Apollo — Aria, the progenitor of the Aryans, or Scythian Ares, mentioned by Herodotus. Progenitor Bohumír named Brimir or Ymir — known Scandinavians named Ima — residents of the Rhodope Mountains in Bulgaria under the name Iima-Iranians, and the name of Yama — the Hindus.
Rhode Bohumír, which belonged to many northern Slavic tribes, as old as the genus Arius, but he did not Aryans (sort of). Note that the Aryans and the descendants Bohumír in ancient times were mixed together, and mingled with many nations of Old Europe and Asia. In the blood of a thousand years of Slavic blood flowed tribes of Indo-European, Finno-Ugric, Turkic and other. Today we can only talk about the cultural, religious and linguistic heritage of the ancient Aryans. Aria, Aria descendants (or Oreya) primarily means — Pahari. "Shouting" is still in the Russian folk dialects means — to plow, "oratay" — a farmer. These words come from the "Aryan", but then "Aryan" in Iran and India has come to mean "noble."
According to the texts Veles book, descendants Bohumír and Aria came to the Dnieper, in the Black Sea and Asia Minor from the Seven Rivers (I 9a), the land of the Aryan and the edge of the Yin (III 38a), that is from China.
Legends about the outcome of the Slav su, and China (III-I millennium BC. Oe.) Are similar to the legends of Ancient India and Iran on the outcome rigvediyskih Aryans or the ancient Iranians, that is, the ancient Indo-Europeans, from whom many European nations, including Slavs …
6) The memory of the exodus from the Carpathians. Next — Bobrets resulted in Russian Golunov. 18a:
"Look around — See the bird that on your forehead! And the bird will lead you to victory. And here you are with a bird Swa, so win!
And she said, showing off in front of us, we are attracted to his light. And so it was in other times, when the Russian went to Wendy's and they wanted to take away their gods to the sea.
We nestle there. And there were cities and temples to pray, and there were many buildings, and we were rich. Both were decorated with gold, let us pray, and silver, and we honor the many gods of wood and go from temptations. And it was another knows who saw it, that it hurt and they contradict — and because our relatives had no rest. Arabs came and tormented at the market of the wealth and the tribute, which is given for all the young men, who settled there (slaves and soldiers.)
And the earth, they say, we are also sick of the wars and difficult life. And then we went to the Carpathian mountains, seeking rest, but there also we were at war with the evil pagans (!). There, we sang, we — Russian, and the glorious days of those. And we have those songs from our fathers — the beautiful life in a steppe and the glory of the fathers.
And the governor Bobrets took Russian in Golunov and found after his death in a brave army rank Perun. This we will never forget, because we — the sons of our fathers, and we have a love for their memory. And we talked about them, because they were our strength, and strength to that came to us from them … ".
Collect the pieces lost knowledge of ancient Slavs authors — Myths of Ancient Slavs, Kaisarov AS, Glinka G., BA Rybakov Here, he writes in the introduction to this book, Ms. Alexander Bazhenov:
"Solar Gods Slavic word" culture "comes from the word" cult "- faith, customs and traditions of their ancestors. He who forgets it — has no right to be a cultured person.
Before Christianity and other monotheistic religions of all peoples were pagans. Terran culture of thousands of years. We also count the national culture, at best, is from the Baptism of Russia, in the worst — since 1917. And in fact, in both cases the ancient history of nations, and above all — their views on the cosmos, nature and man, are excluded from the knowledge of ordinary people. In particular, about Paganism in the schools do not say a word. About Paganism have no idea, not only students, but also teachers. Meanwhile, the curriculum ought to start with stories, songs, myths of the ancestors.
Pretending that our ancient ancestors are no beliefs, ideals, and worship was not, we thus cram understanding of the history of the people, and, especially, his spirituality into the Procrustean bed of Darwinism, which denies any spiritual (divine origin of the spirit) of man and exploring only its otobezyanyu physiology.
Paganism is surrounded, on the one hand, many of the mysteries of neglect and loss, like an ancient lost and therefore completely unfamiliar world. On the other hand on it (talk) imposed an unspoken "taboo". This is the last — the phenomenon of trampling, erase from people's consciousness of their native culture of the Eastern Slavs began with the introduction of Christianity, and was not abolished with the coming to Russia atheists in 1917. Therefore, if one belongs to paganism and atheism as equally godless phenomena (it) is deeply mistaken.
Atheism is opposed to any religion and spirituality. Paganism — religion, and (it is) close any other religion has on its main fact — faith in God. That is why paganism, while converging among themselves their different channels, made friends with other, more recent, who came … monotheistic religions, merged with them and in many ways they dissolved.
Paganism — from the "languages" (the point: people, nations), the word combines the principle of faith of different people. The very same faith of these people, even within the alliance of tribes, could be very different among themselves.
Slavic paganism developed along different channels. Some tribes believed in the power of the cosmos and nature, others — Rod and Rozhanitsy, and others — to the souls of dead ancestors and spirits (inspired force), and the fourth — in the totemic animal ancestors, etc. Some were buried (to keep) their dead ancestors in the ground, leaving them something to eat, believing that they then help the living from the dead. Others — burned dead in boats (lodyah), sending their souls in heaven swimming. (They) thought that if the body burn — the soul rises quickly at the sky and there bailiffs each to its star (hence, passed away.)
For burning the dead and for the offering of the victims in the ancient pagan Slavs existed in certain places — altars in the open in the form of a triangle, square or circle, who were called stealing. In Sanskrit, the word means stealing sacred sacrifice in honor of the dead. Stealing is also called the burning sacrificial fire. "Stealing and trebischa idol" — wrote Nestor — chronicler. There was also a god, guarded altar, probably it was called stealing (Croda).
Slavs there was a belief that the fire burned the deceased person immediately before the eyes of those who love him close off into paradise — vyry. Iiry, arias — hence the name of the ancient Aryans. Soul associated with breathing and smoke. About who stopped breathing, said he gave up the ghost. Then the soul took up the larks, the first birds arriving in the spring of vyriya — paradise. Day of arrival Lark — March 9 — is the day of remembrance of ancestors and called Radunica. During the struggle with the pagan gods he attributed the worst demonic features, in modern terms, the image was the enemy, so the day of remembrance of the dead of Slavic traditions at first, due to the propagation, the Easter calendar, was postponed to May 1 and was considered the demons, unclean day — or rather, Night (Walpurgisnacht). But later discreetly Slavic commemoration of the dead and the Christian Easter closer.
Christianity originated far from the Slavic tribes who adopted Slavic paganism as an alien religion, and brutally destroy it. But the nations for centuries and resisted in various ways brought paganism to Christianity (by way of allegory, coding, hint, or rename a consonance inner essence close, etc.), in the end, the people (originally pagan) worldview, ethics, dissolved in Christianity, creating a unique fusion — Russian Orthodoxy.
One way or another, but today, the ancient faith of our ancestors (various tribes) is similar to pieces of antique lace, forgotten pattern which must be restored by snatches. Complete picture of Slavic pagan myths still has not recovered, although there is a lot of serious research.
Today we can only give a general idea of Slavic pagan world, gathered from what was saved. And, if some of the gods can be more or less thoroughly characterized, the other remained only names … ".
Author: Alexander Bazhenov