Scientists have a lot, but still not very fruitful debate about the place on Earth where in biblical times could lie the Garden of Eden. In the end, the Garden of Eden could be completely extraterrestrial origin. Still better place than the State of Bahrain, to be found. Here grows the Tree of Life or Shadzharat al-Haya — one of the miraculous wonders of the world.
More than four centuries Tree of Life grows on the highest point of the Kingdom of Bahrain. This tree, prozopis of the genus of the plant family mimozovyh — nothing less than an attraction for tourists. The real mystery for the researchers is the following puzzle: how to survive in the scorching desert lonely tree, if the nearest source of water is from him at a distance of 1.2 kilometers? If to maintain their livelihoods plant uses ground water, what should be the length of the roots, if the tree is growing on top of a ten-meter hill.
In the Hollywood comedy "Los Angeles-based history" (LA Story) with Steve Martin in the title role, was released in 1991, this tree is referred to as the tree of life (tree of life). The mystery forever live tree produces a legend. Locals believe that the place is now growing tree of life, was the garden of Eden.
On the planet, until recently, there was only one similar plant — tree Tenere (Arbre du Te'ne're '), which is native to 238 kilometers from Agadez and was known to all Tuareg-conductors, as a natural landmark in the southern part of the Sahara. Ténéré in the language of the tarka means "an isolated area," she stretches for 1,300 square kilometers across an array of Air and Highlands Kauar.
Local tribes guarded his shrine. Anyone plucked from a tree branch at least, severely punished. Tree of Ténéré was the only tree in the world, marked on the maps, but the maps in Google acacia this three-meter of 300 years, and did not get there in time. In 1973, the tree was gone. It was either destroyed by a powerful hurricane, or it crashed into a drunken Arab on the truck. In December of that year, the remains of the tree have been taken to the museum, which opened four years mausoleum.
This unique acacia seems to be confirmed by the fact that at one time there was an oasis in the Ténéré. Instead of sand dunes splashing waves of the lake, from which the surrounding fields were irrigated. Not far proceeded Tafassaset, has now turned into a river with a dried riverbed.
Here were found stone tools of primitive hunters who lived on the banks of the lake for about 600,000 years ago. On the rocks were hunting scenes, which suggest that an ancient civilization vanished in the Sahara with a past in the sand with water.
So, humanity known trees that manage to survive in subhuman, or rather not floristic conditions. Why not go even further — and not make a sensational discovery?
Some scholars, as well as residents of the Gulf, are convinced it is in these places once existed paradise. The Bible says that the Garden of Eden was located east of Shinar (perhaps Schumer). The etymology of the word "Eden" (Sumerian version of Guan Eden, Hebrew — Gan Eden, as well as in the major European languages, "sounds" more like) proponents of this hypothesis is derived from the Sumerian word Edin — plain or steppe. This purely geographical term used to refer to the plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southern Mesopotamia.
From the ancient Sumerian spells, hymns and lists of recipes Orientalists discovered the existence of a Sumerian sacred trees, each tree honored to be identified with the city and the deity.
"In the plots of Shuruppak tree is revered as a cosmic substance, which carries the full universe of space to the existing marriage and the emergence of life — sure Sumerologist V. Emelyanov. — Magic tree at this time can be compared with the shaman, although evidence of travel under such a tree, we do not know. Later texts valuable tree is not in itself, but only as an attribute of a deity associated with the sphere of his influence. Finally, in the last texts of the Sumerian civilization (what is supposedly a song about Gilgamesh and the underground world) tree and its cult opposed to an anthropomorphic deity. At this stage, the sacred, particularly associated with the tree, begins an independent existence: now it is coming from a living space with three areas (the sky — the average world — the underworld). "
It's time to recall the World or Cosmic Tree. This image is characteristic of the mythology of almost all nations of the world, known by different names: "the tree of fertility", "tree center," "shamanic tree", "tree of knowledge", "mystical tree," etc. There are also more rare variants, as the "tree of death", "the tree of evil," "the tree of the Underworld" (the lower world), "the tree of descent."
If we consider the World Tree vertically, are the following components: the bottom (roots), medium (stem) and upper (branch). Immediately go contrast (top-bottom, sky, earth, earth, underworld, fire, moisture, etc.). With the help of the World Tree distinguish the main areas of the universe: the top (the kingdom of heaven), the middle (ground), the bottom (the underworld), past-present-future (day-night, favorable-unfavorable time of the year, the ancestors of present-generation descendant, the reason and consequently, three body parts: head, body and legs, and three kinds of elements of the elements: fire, earth and water.
The horizontal structure of the Tree is formed by the tree and the objects on either side of him. On both sides of the trunk are usually symmetrical image of ungulates or human figures. For Mesopotamia typical scene of sacrifice, where the right is usually placed the sun god, and the god of death — on the left.
The necessary insight into the mythology we needed to emphasize one important detail — the archaeological excavations confirmed fabrications cultural studies and religious studies scholars. In particular, the French scientist Gerald Messade one of the chapters of his book "The History of the Devil" called "Mesopotamia, or the emergence of the concept of sin." The Garden of Eden from the Holy Scripture for Christians is also associated with the expulsion of Adam and Eve from paradise. Messade writes: "Contrary to our hypothesis, the concept of sin arose much earlier than the emergence of Judaism and Christianity. About him for the first time mentioned in Sumerian legend of Nergal and Ereshkigal, and sin is taken as the machinations of demons, whose power over the people went so far as to trample upon those morality, neglected religious tenets or, even worse, have touched the forbidden object (a taboo in fact Sumerian word). "