The passing in 2010 set a record for the number of severe weather phenomena, said on Thursday the Russian Hydrometeorological Center Director Roman Vilfand.
"This year was a record number of severe weather events. Anything like that in our files no observations" — Vilfand said at a news conference.
According to him, in 2010, there were more than one thousand of dangerous weather events, including more than 400 damaged.
"Weather this year was unique, there is nothing similar in the archives of instrumental record," — said Vilfand. "This year there is no analogues", — he added.
According to him, even in the winter in the Volga region because of heavy frost frozen soil, causing the spring melt water could linger and become a so-called productive moisture. Although the snow at the end of winter was a lot of 50-60% more than the norm, but steady in March anticyclone has meant that much of the snow sublimates — turned into vapor, bypassing the liquid phase, said Vilfand.
As a result, when the European part of Russia established a summer heat wave, the lack of water has led to severe drought.
"In some areas have been lost and 50% of the crop" — said Vilfand.
At the end of November in the European part of Russia again observed abnormally warm weather. Also the head Giromettsentra recalled that recently in the Moscow region was noted another unique phenomenon — the freezing rain.
He explained that the capital was on the boundary between two air masses — warm Mediterranean and cold Asian. On this boundary atmosphere was layered: the layers of warm air interspersed with layers of cold. As a result of the snow, passing through a layer of warm air at about one and a half miles, melting, turning into rain and then freeze again, hitting the cold air near the surface. Vilfand noted that because of the freezing rain formed a crust of ice, the thickness of which could be up to three centimeters.
"I think that Muscovites are unlikely to ever see such a thing," — said Vilfand. He added that these events occur relatively frequently in the northeast of China.
Earlier the head of Hydromet Alexander Frolov said the weather service in 2010 were able to advance warning of 93% of hazards, which is significantly higher than in 2009, when the figure was 89%.
Just a weather storm warning issued in 2765, of which came true in 2576.