At the end of November 1923 in the suburbs of the Japanese town of Odate (Akita Prefecture) was born puppy Akita Inu. Strictly speaking, it is then it has become a puppy of this breed, and at the time of the title in Japan, few people thought. Soon the puppy shipped thousands of kilometers in a suburb of Tokyo Shibuya, to the new owner — a professor at Tokyo Imperial University Eysaburo Ueno. New pet dog was his eighth and was named Hachi or Hachiko (Japanese for "hachi" stands for the number eight).
Ueno and Hachiko lived in perfect harmony. In the morning the dog was accompanied by Professor Shibuya train station, from which he went to work in the evening, at five o'clock, and met there, and weekends and holidays they spent in each other's company. But May 21, 1925 Eysaburo Ueno died on the work of a brain hemorrhage. They say that at night, when the body of professors brought in Shibuya, worried about freak accidents Hachiko, smashing the glass door, burst into the house and spent the night in the living room at the feet of the deceased owner.
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The newspaper «Asahi» August 4, 1932, wrote an article about loyalty Hachiko, the Akita and reputation became known throughout Japan. Hachiko was born in Odate in 1923 and was in Tokyo two months later. Hachiko owner was Dr. Ueno, a professor at the University of Tokyo.
Dr. Ueno died when Hachiko was at the age of 1.5 years. Over the next ten years, Hachiko continued to come to Shibuya station every evening to wait for his owner, who is dead.
Hachiko died in 1935.
Akita — means of Akita dogs — a province in the north of the largest island in the archipelago yaposkogo. The breed is very old. Probably the ancestor of the breed was the so-called matagiinu, which means "dear hunter" — a dog that met the VIII century Odate in the mountains and used to hunt bear and boar. This name be awarded the most skillful and successful hunters. History Akita began in earnest during the Edo period (XVII century), when hunting fun practically stopped and needed a guard dog for the service. So in the XVIII century, the Akita Inu migrated from rural huts to the palaces of Japanese nobles. The change in social class was due to the exit of the law Generalissimo Tsunayoshi that man, offended or killed Akita Inu, subjected nakzaniyu. Soon breed could own only the royal family and the ruling aristocracy.
This greatly affected the development of the breed. Akita Care and Feeding turned into an elaborate ceremony, produced a special leashes, denoting the rank of Akitas and social status of its owner. To refer to a dog, and when talking about it uses special words. Behind every Akita courting a separate servant, who was dressed in ornate costume, corresponding to the respect that the person wants a dog. The presence of the Akita Inu was considered a symbol of happiness and prosperity of the family.
In the Meiji era, fights the dog continued to be popular. Then, Akita dog named "Odate" because of the name of their hometown. In about 1897, Tosa fighting dogs were brought in Akita Prefecture. Then, Tosa, now known as the Cauchy Prefecture, was one of two places where the dog fights were popular.
First, the Akita breed was stronger than Tosa. Gradually, the situation is reversed because of Tosa breeding with European breeds. There is an active cast-blood molossoidnyh Dogs: Saint Bernard, English Mastiff, Great Dane, imports from Europe are becoming more and more intense.
Akita Inu in contrast to its predecessors is more powerfully built with a distinctive sloping of ears.
The Mayor of Odate, Mr. Shigeie Izumi, very worried about crossing «Odate» with other dogs. To preserve the purity of the breed «Odate», he founded the Society for the Preservation of Akita-Inu in 1927 .. At the same time, the popularity of dog fighting has decreased, reflecting the interests of time. There are only a few pictures of dogs that era. Two dogs: dog named «Tochi-2" and a bitch called «Babagoma», owned by Mr. Kunio Ichinoseki, had a great influence on the breeding of the Akita. Other species are also affected by dilution. However, a few photos of other breeds that era remain.
During World War II, most of the dogs in Japan, was intended for military use. However, some people secretly kept Akita-Inu. After the war, some officials in the prefecture of Akita Akita wanted to keep the house.
These were very difficult times, many people are hungry because the food was very little. However, breeding Akita started again. For the revival of Akita dog «Tsubakigoma», a survivor of the war, he returned to the house of Mr. Ichinozeki. And «Tsubakigoma» and «Kongo-go» and the line «Dewa» made a great contribution to the breed.
Japan experienced a major crisis in the Second World War. By 1946, miraculously survived only a few representatives of the thoroughbred breed, giving hope for its revival.
Large, bright, naturally has a great exterior, quiet and silent attracted many foreigners. After the war, the Japanese islands were stationed many U.S. troops. Thus began the removal of the breed in the United States. Later, the breed was already imported from the U.S. to Germany and Italy. So chic Japanese Spitz Giant won his popularity around the canine world. Especially popular breed enjoys in America and Europe.