Until now, there is no single view on the question of when and where he began the second global war and who is the perpetrator of this particular disaster. Officially, the science of history refers to the date of September 1, 1939, but this statement is often questioned: de-facto standard in this day began just only Polish-German conflict. The true flame blazed World War 3 September 1939 — the same day were France and England (and, as it should, the whole British Empire) declared war on Germany invaded with 2 days of earlier in the area of Poland.
Maybe we do not agree with the inhabitants of the Far East. Martial acts in this region were conducted with the September 18, 1931 — on the day the train was blown up in the suburbs of Mukden canvas that was the beginning of Japanese intervention in China. The Sino-Japanese war broke out with the newest force in 1937 and did not stop right up to September 9, 1945. Specifically, the Japanese bombardment of Marco Polo Bridge July 7, 1937 some researchers accept for the first episode of the second world war. This conflict was beneficial to the rest of the world powers: Britain, fearing capture by the Japanese own colonies in South-East Asia (Hong Kong, Singapore, etc.), vsekrete glad that the Empire of Japan is mired in the vast mainland China. Russian alliance, despite the alarming situation in the Far East and the constant incidents (Hasan, Halkin-Gol), was well aware that Japan is not able to conduct any major offensive actions until such time as will not solve its problems in China. Following this doctrine, the Soviet Union actively provide military assistance to China, and April 13, 1941 signed a pact with Japan on mutual non-aggression, which allowed to transfer large numbers of troops to the western borders. Land of the Rising Sun was also beneficial to the fragile peace with the Soviet Union: the war with China was on the decline, turning to evenly counterinsurgency. Clearly understanding that up to the Baku oil she had never reached, Japan has concentrated all its forces to strike at the huge archipelago Philippines and Indonesia — with a powerful fleet in the world it will not be difficult to capture the rich oil and mineral deposits in the region.
A similar play led the United States — an endless war China does not allow the Land of the Rising Sun from time to realize their ambitions in the vast Pacific Ocean. In the summer of 1941 decided to America little "strangle" the victorious advance of the Japanese army, imposing an embargo on the supply of oil to the Land of the Rising Sun, by providing for a guaranteed Pearl Harbor.
As for the European events, there is more and more difficult and controversial. World powers have entered into mortal combat 3 September 1939. With regard to the German attack on Poland — this is just one of the many prerequisites second World War in Europe. And was Poland that "innocent victim", which it will melt in the annals of history? Over the past few years in Europe came a lot of nasty events, each of which can be described as the beginning of the second world war.
So, in February 1938, three weeks before the Anschluss (the inclusion of Austria into Germany), Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Józef Beck in talks with Goering hot expressed support for German purposes and allocated intrigued by Poland to be addressed "Czech difficulties."
On the morning of March 13, 1938 the Austrians woke up and found out that now live in a new country. No one on this occasion expressed his objections — Austrian Anschluss took as tribute, one civilization, one language. Encouraged by the German success, Poland March 17 puts Lithuania arrogant ultimatum demanding the repeal of the Lithuanian section of the constitution, in which the capital of Lithuania still listed, the Vilnus, ie recognize the legitimacy of the occupation Vilnusa Polish troops in 1922 and to renounce the rights to this area. Polish Army at the beginning of the redeployment of the Polish-Lithuanian border. In case of difference ultimatum within 24 hours of Poles threatened to march on Kaunas and completely occupied Lithuania. Russian Alliance through the Polish Embassy in Moscow is recommended not to infringe upon the freedom and independence of Lithuania. In the unlikely event the Soviet Union denounces without warning Polish-Soviet non-aggression pact and, in the case of an armed attack on Lithuania will retain freedom of action. Thanks to the timely intervention of the danger of an armed conflict between Poland and Lithuania have been prevented. The Poles refused an armed invasion of the Lithuanian countryside.
September 8, 1938 in response to the Russian Union of willingness to come to the aid of Czechoslovakia as against Germany and against Poland in the Polish-Soviet border were organized naikrupneyshie in the history of the reborn Polish country's military maneuvers in which involved five infantry and one cavalry division, 1 motorized brigade, and aviation. Advancing from the east, "reddish" suffered a crushing defeat on the "blue." At the end of the maneuvers was held in Lutsk superb 7-hour military parade, which personally perceived Marshal Edward Rydz-Rydz.
The time will come, and the Poles will pay dearly for his bragging — 2nd global war claim the lives of 6 million Polish people.
Next steps developed quickly:
September 19, 1938 — Polish government agrees with the views of Hitler's about the fact that Czechoslovakia is an artificial entity. Poland also supports the Hungarian claims in the disputed territories.
September 20, 1938 — Hitler gives a formal guarantee to the Polish ambassador in Berlin, Jozef Lipski, in accordance with which, in the case of a possible Polish-Czechoslovak military conflict over the Cieszyn region Reich will take the side of Poland. His decision to Hitler unleashes absolutely Poland. It did not happen without a discussion of the "Jewish question" — Hitler beheld solution to the Jewish problem by emigration to the colonies, in agreement with Poland, Hungary and Romania.
September 21 1938 — Czechoslovakia, Poland sent a note demanding the solution to the problem of the Polish minority in the state Cieszyn Silesia.
September 22 1938 year — th
e Polish Government urgently report to denounce the Polish-Czechoslovak government contract to minorities, and a few hours of Czechoslovakia declares an ultimatum to join the Polish lands with the Polish population. On this day in Warsaw was quite openly deployed in the recruitment of "Cieszyn voluntary body." Create teams of "volunteers" are sent to the Czechoslovak border, where the suit armed provocations and sabotage.
September 23, 1938 — Russian government warned the Polish government that if the Polish forces, concentrated on the border with Czechoslovakia, invade its borders, the Soviet Union would consider it an act is not caused by anger and denounce the non-aggression pact with Poland. In the evening of the same day or the reply of the Polish government. His tone was, as usual, arrogant. It explains that holds some military measures only for the purpose of defense.
On the night of September 25 in the town near Końskie Trshintsa Poles threw hand grenades and fired at the house of the Czechoslovak border, resulting in two buildings burned. After two hours of fighting the attackers retreated to the Polish countryside. Similar clashes occurred in the night and in several other places Cieszyn region.
September 25, 1938. Polish bandits have made a raid on the railway station Frishtat, fired at her and threw grenades.
September 27 1938 year. The Polish government has put forward re-claim the "return" to her Cieszyn region. On the night in all areas of Cieszyn were heard rifle fire and pelemetnye queue. More bloody skirmishes, as reported by the Polish news agency, were observed in the districts Bogumin, Tesin and Jablunkova in towns Bystrica Końskie and Skshechen. Armed groups "rebels" did not once attacked the Czechoslovak weapons depots, Polish planes every day violated the Czechoslovakian border. In the newspaper "Pravda" of September 27, 1938., N267 (7592) on 1 page article by "rampant arrogance Polish fascists"
September 29, 1938. Polish diplomats in London and Paris insist on an equal approach to solving the problems of the Sudeten and Cieszyn, Polish and German military band agree on the demarcation of the troops in the event of an invasion of Czechoslovakia. The newspapers described touching scenes "military brotherhood" between the German Nazis and Polish nationalists. On the Czechoslovak border post near Grgavy attacked gang of 20 men armed with an automatic weapon. The attack was repulsed, the attackers fled to Poland, and some of them being wounded, was taken prisoner. During the interrogation, caught the bandit told that their squad a lot of Germans living in Poland. In the night from 29 to 30 September 1938 was concluded shameful Munich Agreement.
October 1 1938. Poland, Czechoslovakia inferior region, where the population of 80 thousand 120 thousand Poles and Czechs. The major acquisition of the industrial potential of becoming trapped areas. Businesses located there given at the end of 1938 almost 41% of smelted iron in Poland and almost 47% of steel.
October 2, 1938 began "Operation Zaluzha." Poland occupies Cieszyn Silesia (Teschen district — Frishtat — Bogumin) and a number of settlements on the territory of modern Fri Slovakia.
It follows nezamudreny conclusion: Poland, Hungary and Germany, along the Polish-Hungarian-German panzer wedges dismembered Czechoslovakia in October 1938 Just saying that this heinous event can be regarded as the beginning of the second world war.
Figuratively speaking, Poland, Hungary and Germany played with flaming firebrands until the fire ignited World War II. Trying to substitute each other, they all got what they deserved.