We submariners accepted that there is a submarine lucky, and there are simply out of luck and full of mischief. This can be considered as multipurpose nuclear submarine "K-324" (by ordering NATO — Viktor 3, we have this type of submarine is listed under the code "Pike"), which was pursued by misfortune in lifelong service in the battle of the fleet.
Thus, even during industrial tests in the summer of 1981. Askold "Pike" rammed into the area of the 4th reactor compartment mysterious nuclear submarine (according to some reports — the Chinese PLA such as "Han", which, according to Japan sank. Chinese themselves on this account kept a deathly silence). Later had a blast battery and a large fire in the 1st torpedo room, where there was a full ammunition — 24 ordinary torpedoes and two nuclear warheads. And only some indescribable magic saved the "K-324" and its crew from death and nuclear disaster: a compartment was one hundred percent destroyed, but not the torpedo detonated. Sometimes icebreaker at one point quickly sank to the depth to the fatal mark, where the boats will not float — they, like shell, crushes wild water pressure. In this state of emergency haunted "Pike" even after its withdrawal in the sediment. It all began, they say, from the fact that during the descent from the slipway at the shipyard in Komsomolsk-on-Amur on the keel of the PLA did not break the usual bottle of champagne. Four times in a row (!), Which is considered to be an evil omen …
Outline all the misadventures of the "K-324" for 20 years of service in the Pacific, and then to the Northern Fleet — not enough for a whole newspaper. Why do we focus only on one story from the life of the submarine. Stories exciting indescribable worthy adventure novel.
Hike "K-324" to the shores of America in autumn 1983 made a stir in the Atlantic. At the finals on October South American media boomed throughout the world sensation by publishing pictures of emergency pops up in the Sargasso Sea off the coast of the U.S. Russian SSNs "K-324". The boat was in the drift, giving the trim by the bow and stern partly bared to the propeller.
I must say that while the war was cool in the heat, and the attacks of the Yankees, including and about prowling off the coast of the U.S. nuclear submarines Soviet nuclear weapon on board and represent a mortal danger America, "and the entire free world," the military and political control of the Soviet Union did not respond. And what can be said, if Moscow did not really know what happened yet in the Sargasso Sea is located on a combat service "K-324"?
In fact the Yankees are not troubled himself to himself by the fact of our surfacing submarine. The reason so nervous reaction of the wing is quite different. In what turned out to wound on the screw "K-324". Situation was very grim. And at the forefront of this struggle will of the options were the commander of the "K-324" Captain 2nd Rank Vadim Terekhin and his crew, in whose hands those days was the fate of the world.
So what did happen with the Russian submarine at the end of October 1983 in the Sargasso Sea?
Unintended catch of $ 500 thousand
It was the first combat service in the Atlantic, "K-324", which is shortly before defected from Kamchatka under the Arctic ice to the Northern Fleet and was included in its composition. Two overseas quite a NATO ASW our submariners were secretly. In any case, the surveillance is not found. But after 5 days have heard the work of sonar buoys. This indicated that they detected. To report to the command of the fleet does not have. Since this is a minus for the loss of the commander of stealth. Captain 2nd Rank Teriokhin his hopes that he will break away from "ears" adversary. And the case has turned up. In the right side went on a huge ship. "K-324" has successfully settled down under his head, and four days followed by its own position in the Sargasso Sea. As a result of this maneuver the enemy had lost contact with our boat.
Arriving in the Sargasso Sea, "K-324" took the position in 38 miles from the U.S. naval base in Jacksonville. There was a shipyard, where the Yankees were building class SSBNs "Ohio". Just at this time, according to our intelligence, had to take tests 5th ship of this type of boat "Florida." At the edge of the territorial waters of the United States of its output controlled CLS (scout ship) of the Northern Fleet "Godsend." The plan of our command was: how the scouts will find leaving the base of "Florida", they immediately have to send a contact with her crew of "K-324", so that divers have been working with an American submarine — wrote her features, elements, agility, etc. In addition, the "K-324" was to perform exploration of American acoustic detection systems far our ships. After a while terehintsy got shifroradiogrammu: exit "Florida" is delayed a few days, change the watch area, follow in such a square. Submariners run to the designated area. Hydrophone found a ship. Our submarine thought it was a fishing trawler. Later, the crew Vadim Terekhina again gave the order to change the area. Coupled with this, "fisherman", ducking under it, our guys have changed position.
As it turned out, terehintsy "Claus;" under the bottom of the U.S. Navy frigate "McCloy» (McCloy), who just found the "K-324" with the help of a new supersekretnogo towed sonar (it is a few hundred meters of a special cable on the end of which the capsule is smart sonar inside). Russian intelligence was after this latest American system of remote detection of foreign submarines, but to get it so far without success.
Then courses boats and a frigate parted. "McCloy" and not finding a Russian submarine (taivshuyusya under it) and returned to base. And here come the Yankees into a nightmare: it turned out that they are somehow inexplicably lost their super-secret expensive towed antenna. Commander of the frigate's superiors "tore up" so that he cursed the day and hour when he decided to go to the service in the U.S. Navy. In the end, the conclusion was made: The antenna has come off in the end was a heavy storm. Although it's still hard to believe: it was too firmly it was fixed, the tank does not tear! Tank-it may be, really do not tear, but the submarine, and even Russian …
"From 00 to 8:00 am on 25 October, I carried a watch in the control room — recalls the last commander of the" K-324 "Capt. 1st Rank Vadim Terekhin of supplies. — The speed of 12 knots, we go to a depth of about 100 meters. At 3:00 decided to have some tea. Just sat down and began to vibrate the body and there was a warning signal disturbance. Emergency protection tripped the turbine. We have lost the move. The boat we have single-shaft, because the situation is very grim! Under the keel over 4 thousand meters. Keeping the depth on the thrusters on the quiet course of 3-4 knots under electric motors. About 2-hours trying to figure out what happened? Tried to run the turbine, but it failed. Mechanic Captain 2nd Rank Anatoly Sedakov realized that something had happened with the screw, but what? If wrapp
ed in a fishing net — none of that would have happened, it would have torn the screw. Means it was something different. In the meantime, it's time communication session with the KP Northern Fleet. About 5 o'clock in the morning gave the command to swim out to periscope depth. But at periscope depth boat could not help us thrown to the surface. We have lost all CCH (head of ballast tanks. — Comm. Aut.) And swam in the cruising position. It is clear that such a Makarov violated secrecy. A violent storm raged. Get out on the bridge did not seem likely. In the periscope could consider some sort of loop on forage stabilizers 10 cm in diameter. Apparently, this nowhere who took rope and wrapped around the propeller. Provided that it is a cable of military purpose. When unable to make a connection, given a radio to the command of the fleet, reported the emergency ascent, the situation. Then twice tried to go under the water. To no avail.
In this case, the second time began to fall so quickly to the depth that the idea flashed all over! After all, the 140 meters, where we have been, blow tank hard. With some difficulty, but were able to prevent the fall of the boat on the transcendent depth. Came to light. The storm did not let up. A boat with a displacement of 7.5 thousand tons thrown to the waves like an empty tin can. In compartments of everything that was not fixed, and even that was attached, posryvalo from the floor and scattered across the deck. Received radio. KP Northern Fleet had upgraded us to communicate with NBI Navy. The situation is very grim. In Moscow, many pondered what to do. General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU Andropov was sick, and the responsibility for possible consequences of non-standard because of our ascent no one wanted to take on. "
In late October — early November 1983 the world once again stood on the brink of nuclear war. The crew of Russian submarines "K-324" in the case of the Sargasso Sea has mastered one of the most important secrets of the U.S. Navy — ultramodern antenna set up to detect submarines. Americans were furious and decided such acts to discourage own secret that matter almost came to an armed conflict that could grow into a war between the superpowers, with 2 … Oh, so this recalls the last commander of the "K-324", Captain 1st Rank Vadim Terekhin retired, now living in Vladivostok.
"The boat did not take risks"
"… The main headquarters of the Navy finally gave a coded message to which asked for: that the cable reeled in the boat screw? Here again gave the order not to risk the ship and the people. What can we do if a ship without a course and a storm rages? In the evening on October 26 element subsided a little, I took the machine's safety tip and made his way to the stern. Tightly close to the stabilizers and the screw was unreal. Meters with a 6-7 shoot was on cable. Sparks fly, bullets do not take it. Means armored. The second attempt did Ensign. He made his way to the stern with an ax, mounted a coil of cable and a canceled your score! Ax flew one way, Ensign — in another. What to do? We decided to be expected when the storm dies down completely. While expected to show a Canadian aircraft. We immediately realized: for the moment to say the Yankees and we added to the pain in his head. And sure enough, 40 minutes later two anti-"Orion" U.S. Navy were there as here. We threw sonar buoys, cushioned on all sides, like a wolf hunters reddish flags. When the couple flew to the base, they are also replaced. And since more than 10 days. Yes, even the helicopters constantly hanging over us.
On the night of October 27, we get the radio from Moscow for you to focus razvedkorabl "Godsend" and from Cuba rescue ship "Aldan" for assistance. Figured: "Godsend" — a small craft, from him much good is not enough. A "Aldan" to spank us more than 10-11 days …
Osnaz group commander Lieutenant Sergei Arbuzov, assigned to the "K-324", from radio intercepts learned that the Americans captured the storm Grenada, and now two U.S. Navy destroyers "Nicholson" and "Peterson" in full swing to follow our boat. I declared combat anxiety. We are not running, helpless, what to expect from the Yankees, is unclear. Especially since that Arbuzov found out that the "K-324" was hooked and broke off a top-secret ultra-modern cable-towed antenna system to fade TASS, which experienced South American destroyer "McCloy." So we unwittingly stole a big secret U.S. Navy. It became clear that the Americans will try to fight off the cable. "
The confrontation on the brink of a foul
Going to the ailing Russian submarine, the Americans began to clamp it in a vise: with 2-sides is not safe maneuvering at a distance of 30 m With all this mockery, politely offered to help. The commander of the "K-324" Teriokhin ordered to post a signal to the periscope, "Thanks, but no need! End the dangerous maneuvers! I have the terrible burden on board! ". A cargo really was terrible: torpedoes and missiles with nuclear warheads firing range 3 thousand km, just pull Washington. Meanwhile, their ships could if not special, because of the waves hit icebreaker and seriously destroy it, and then sink. Destroyers, going from the stern of the "K-324", hooks tried to hook the cable antenna. The same operation was made and hanging over the boat helicopters. But this could not be done. There was a real struggle nerves, threatening to grow into a battle is about to act.
In particular the critical situation on November 5. The Yankees picked up a signal: prepare to descend air assault means! On board the destroyer appeared fighters deliberately dresses in suits scuba divers.
Atomic icebreaker "K-324" — the territory of a sovereign country. Is in neutral waters. If Americans really otvazhutsya to capture the boat — this is war! Captain 2nd Rank Teriokhin invited on board the First Mate, political officer, a special person and minerals. It was clear that if the assault, divers do not fight back. In any case, the commander of the "K-324" gave the order to prepare Miner icebreaker to flooding and erosion. The crew planned to replant on rafts, and then coming up on razvedkorabl "Godsend."
When Americans began to prepare the landing-boarding group commander sent in the aft superstructure eight officers with machine guns and grenades. Gave the order: shoot if the Yankees otvazhutsya the assault. A warning divers deliberately purged ballast tanks feed pressure of 200 atmospheres. Bubbles with noise up to the sky! To combat with troops in the current criteria is also a tool!
Here are just a Moscow sent a coded message: do not give in to provocations, the situation is very scary! Teriokhin did not know yet that all NATO forces are in combat readiness and inflated only expect the order to start military action. The world is on the brink of war. In another coded message signed by the Commander of the Navy Gorshkov was ordered at all costs to preserve the "trophy" antenna and a convenient opportunity to send to Moscow. Rigid 2-confrontation of superpowers lasted until November 7. But the Americans did not dare to take a Russian submarine boarded.
The Yankees were left holding the bag
8 November came the rescue ship "Aldan". Lowered the divers. At the hub of the screw "K-324" have found a powerful tangle of torn metal, and the two ends of the cable, trailing far astern. Release screw in field criteria did not seem likely. As for the cable length of 420 m, the whole day, our guys picked it out of the water by elektroshpilya and was placed in the 1st compartment. After that, the Navy gave the NBI note: to follow in tow to Cuba.
Just say — go! To have a tug was not so simple: The Yankees d
id not want to let go of the last Soviet submarine with the "prey." "Aldan" stood up to the wind, "K-324" — the wind. By rubber rafts our sailors have start towing dredge, which took about 10 hours. And when almost everything was ready, the South American officer on board the destroyer "Peterson" rafts shot with a rifle. Began to do everything anew. And the Yankees again shot, drowned with our rafts towed. On the "Aldan" was the last set of rafts. What to do? At this time, the operation of charging tug decided to cover exploration ship "Godsend." Came out! And emergency "K-324" led to the shores of Cuba. U.S. Navy destroyers escorted the boat to the territorial waters of the Island of Freedom.
Cubans met Russian submariners welcome. Isolated platoon of frogmen to protect the boat at the entrance to the bay put two small anti-submarine ship. In the first day is hidden cable the aircraft was sent to Moscow. But smelt metal from the hub screw "K-324" two Cuban brothers burner had four days. After 11 days of Russian submariners left Cuba and headed to the Sargasso Sea, where another two weeks patrolled. Only later were ordered vorachivatsya home. They came to the base a week before the new, 1984. At the command boat special department took the watch magazine and all other documents. They say all the official documents on the epic "K-324" in the Sargasso Sea secret until now. And with our own, and on the American side.
— Vadim, you have presented for the fact that even though unintentionally, the will of options, but complied, in fact, the work of intelligence, having produced supersekret the U.S. Navy?
— Thank God, not punished! In our case, it was the best service!