Been dealt a blow to the myth of unquestioning scientific, technical and military Advantages of the United States. And when just one month left to orbit our second satellite, weighing about 0.5 tons, and besides, the dog Laika on board, and after him, first in 1958 — the third weighing 1327 kg, Americans have begun to develop plan "a reciprocal course."
South american nuclear physicist Leonard Rayffel, living in Chicago, in an interview with a local newspaper in May 2000, said that at the height of cool war the U.S. Air Force formation tilos to South American scientist with a request to prepare and execute on the lunar surface nuclear explosion. Rayffel participated in the development of such project.
The main purpose of the explosion, he said, it would be awesome view of the device at a time when the Russian Alliance overtook America in the race for space exploration.
— The work on the project — said Rayffel, — We have not reached the stage of choosing a particular type of explosive device and rocket, but led to what the visual effect would such a blast. People might behold the colorful flash, especially noticeable are fine, if explosion there was a new moon, when the Earth facing side of the moon is not illuminated by the sun. Maybe it could be seen as a cloud of dust and debris lunar rocks raised by the explosion on the Moon.
Project, over which scientists have worked since the end of 1958 to mid-1959, has been strictly kept secret, had the code name "A 119" and was called "Development of exploration missions to the moon." As a customer of the project featured the Air Force Center for special weapons.
One of the objectives of the project was to identify possible scientific results in the implementation of a nuclear explosion on the Moon. But any alleged discoveries of views on Rayffelya, "could not make up for the loss that would be incurred by the population of the earth from the radioactive contamination of the moon after the explosion."