As the Americans bombed the Primorye

As Americans bombed the Primorye

October 8th, 1950 at 16.17 local time, two U.S. Air Force fighter aircraft Lockheed F-80C «Shooting Star" ("Meteor") violated the municipal borders of the USSR and, absorbed almost 100 km, stormed Russian military airstrip Dry River, 165 kilometers from Vladivostok, in the Khasan district. As a result, the U.S. Air Force aircraft fire in the parking lot were damaged by seven Russian aircraft squadrons, one burned down completely.

South American witnesses recall

Not so long ago, one of the owners of Coca-Cola Bottling Co. in Washington to question Russian journalist: "What do you know about the incident, which occurred in 1950 at the airport Dry River? In your opinion, it was a provocation or a bug? "Said:" This incident was a disgrace to the United States. The very idea that the two pilots did not know where they are, do not know the location of the Russian border and were not able to realize that over the airfield they buzz seems indescribable.

U.S. officials said that the strike was caused due to an error in navigation and incorrect assessment of the situation. Air Force commander was removed, and the pilots punished. States offered to pay for damage. USSR decided not to inflate the scandal. " And the last member of the fighting in Korea, added: "The incident on Dry Rechka hushed up until this time, and, most of all, for you will not find in the United States person, which would have heard about it … ".

But the inhabitant of Vladivostok Vladimir Mikhailov found such a person. This is a specific member of attack — south american Alton Kvonbek pilot, who, after 22 years of service in the Air Force worked on the Senate Intelligence Committee and the CIA, has retired and is now engaged in farming on his own farm in Middelburg. Kvonbek said the other pilot — Allen Difendorf, having served 33 years on the Air Force, died in 1996 as told Kvonbek, shot by Russian airfield — the victim of an error. Low clouds and sudden strong winds were a prerequisite that the aircraft drifted to the northeast, and suffered not scheduled in advance of the South American control of the airfield at Port Chongjin (North Korea), and Russian — Dry River.

"There was a war in Korea. Russian meteorological data has been classified, thus depriving us of information about the weather in Siberia and the Far East — recalled Kvonbek. — Identification of symbols on the ground could not be seen, navigation was not. The calculations were made only on the basis of the direction and strength of wind, and the flight to the target determined the need for downgrade. The flight took place over the clouds at a height of more than 11 thousand meters. At an altitude of 3 thousand meters into the clouds I found a hole, we rushed into it, and found himself on the broad plain of the river … I did not know exactly where we are … The dusty road to the west was a truck. "

Americans have decided to catch up with the truck and chasing the car, went to the airfield. It was like a airfield Chongjin, who beheld pilots to large-scale map. "Soviet radars must zapelengovat us at a distance of about 100 miles from the border. Follow us down, they may have lost in the folds of our country when we went down into the valley of the river. It was declared a general alarm, but there was no Russian planes or missiles, ready to repel the attack.

It was a Sunday afternoon. At the airport there were many planes — the dream of at least some of the military pilot. In the two series were built about 20 aircraft of the type P-39 and P-63 … On the green fuselages were huge reddish star with white rim. Time to make decisions was virtually no fuel, too, was on the final … I went left, bursts, my partner Allen Difendorf as I did. " Making sure that the purpose of amazed "Meteora" turned around and flew away. On departure from the goals the Americans headed to the base and suddenly saw the peninsula next to the coast. "Nothing for myself — I loaf — recalled Kvonbek. — Near Chongjin no island … ".

The smallness of the troubled and consulting the map, the Americans decided that hit another North Korean airfield. Upon his return, the pilots reported that bombed the airfield with the aircraft. Specialists tested the camera recording the aircraft, and it turned out that the planes at the airport were South American "Kingcobra" Yankees Supplied by Russian lend-lease. The camera showed that the aircraft on the ground is not broke — could not have had the fuel, meaning it was definitely not a military airfield North Koreans and the pilots made a mistake.

Already for the next day, October 9, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR Andrei Gromyko made a formal protest to the UN. In Notke protest the incident called "perfidious violation of Russian borders", "provocative act." USSR claimed, that guilty punished.

A week in the Kremlin, breaking open the head: what is it — the beginning of the third world, bullying or indeed a bug? After 11 days, President Truman made an appeal to the United Nations, in which the United States pleaded guilty and said that "the U.S. government to the public longs to express regret at the fact that South American armed forces have been implicated in this disorder Russian border" and that the U.S. government has "done provide funds to reimburse at least some damage done to Russian ownership. " He also said that the commander of the regiment of the U.S. Air Force in the Far East, dismissed, disciplinary actions taken against the pilots: South American pilots have been indicted in a military tribunal barred from fighting and moved to other parts.

Russian witnesses recall

In the summer of 1950 began the Korean War between the North and the South. South supported the UN forces led by the Yankees, but on the side of the North were Russian and Chinese. At the end of 1950, the Americans changed all of their F-51 jets to Lockheed F-80C, which have become the main fighter-bombers, the U.S. Air Force in Korea. From September 28 to October 1, 1950 F-80 flew from the land of the rising sun on the South Korean Daegu Air Base. 49th FBG (Fighter-Bomber Squadron) was the first part of the Korean peninsula, one hundred percent of the armed fighter jets.

In November, the group fought a war in the interim 6149 th Tactical Support Wing, which was specially created on September 5. Its slogan was "to protect and avenge." November 8 four single F-80, each kitted out with six 12.7 mm machine guns and ammunition in 1800 rounds of ammunition, two bombs and 10 missiles flew from the base to the north of Daegu …

"Output was. All the rest of the sea, and here they come. Circled, to shoot machine guns at the planes and disappeared behind the hills. I then will the 13th year has gone "- recalled the village dweller Dry River Boldusov Gregory, who lives there to this day.

At the end of 1950 due to the war in Korea in Primorye have to conduct exercises with the relocation of parts on airfields. Dry River airstrip owned aviation Pacific Fleet. There were already two spotters In a separate squadron, intended for air cover and adjust fire 130 mm naval tower batteries Khasansky coastal defense sector. The plan exercises here for the temporary accommodation of profit "Kingcobra" 821 th Fighter Wing 190th Fighter Air Division. All planes were in the open parking along the runway, lined up in the line, whic
h was subjected to assault attack the Yankees.

At the time of the attack the airfield commander of the regiment of Colonel V. Savelyev at the airport was not, he was in the land forces with the Chief of Staff of the Air Corps, for interaction on the exercise period. Instead he remained at the airport deputy regiment commander Lt. Col. NS Vinogradov, which replaced in order to give the signal for flight duty 1st aeroeskadrile, the pilots of the planes landed. Savelyev Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel Vinogradov were put on trial and tribunal officer's honor were demoted for "poor education of the personnel of the regiment."

"After the two American" Shooting Star "came and bombed our regiment Dry on the banks of the river, our management has taken steps. Immediately came the 303rd Air Division, which is already flying on a jet "MiGs" in the suburbs. And then, immediately made version of the 64th Air Corps and began to prepare for re — recalled pilot 821st Regiment Nicholas ZABELIN. — After the attack, was also introduced on combat duty in the shelves. This is from the end of the second world war was not. Sit from dawn to dusk in the cabs and about. There was a sense of imminent war … ".

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