The Gulf countries are increasing arms purchases from the United States in the face of rising Iran and other regional threats. These agreements emphasize how important, in the views of Washington, its allies in the Gulf in containing Iran.
Which transactions are conducted at this point?
Head on disk imaging Accounting Office United States, from 2005 to 2009, the U.S. sold Gulf States, including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman and Kuwait, weapons worth up to 37 billion dollars.
The recent US-Saudi deal, which will soon be submitted for approval by Congress, can cost up to 60 billion dollars.
It includes 84 new fighter jets Boeing F-15 is also upgrading another 70 fighters and three types of helicopters — 72 helicopter Black Hawk, 70 vehicles and 36 Apache helicopters Little Bird.
In addition, discussions are representatives of the United States agreement on the modernization of the Saudi fleet at the cost of 30 billion dollars.
The United States also hopes that next year will be an agreement for the sale UAE missile defense Theater High Altitude Area Defense at the cost of about seven billion dollars.
Our homeland is also the largest supplier of arms to the Middle East. In 2007, Moscow agreed to implement Syria anti-ship cruise missiles P-800. Israel has strongly opposed the deal, raising concerns that the missiles could fall into the hands of the Lebanon-based Hezbollah.
In September, our homeland declared that produce a deal. But it canceled its 800 millionth agreement to implement Iran missile systems S-300, saying that the deal would be a violation of UN sanctions. Over the last decade, Tehran acquired Russian guns of more than 5 billion dollars.
How to deal on arms help to U.S. interests?
Many say that the basic premise of the US-Saudi deal was concerned about the growing power of Iran — and suspicions that it is developing a nuclear weapon. U.S. more concerned about Iran and behold the in the Gulf States — particularly in Saudi Arabia — the main partners to curb the Islamic country.
The deal between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia is a reminder to the Iranians that if Iran closer to nuclear weapons, "the answer would be a strengthening of regional competitors and adversaries that the position of [Iran] will be weakened," — says Thomas Lippman (Thomas Lippman), freelance Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies at the Washington Council on international relations (Council on Foreign Relations).
It can also reassure the Saudis do not strive to create its own nuclear weapons of its own.
"Part of the strategy of the Obama administration is — adds Mr. Lippman — you want to assure the Saudis that we can solve their problems without the security of their transformation into nuclear government. "
Deal can also lead to the creation of new jobs, and will support a minimum of 75 thousand workers in the factories of Boeing and United Technologies.
They get the Arab countries?
In addition to strengthening the military potential of the Persian Gulf, nedavneshnie transaction cement works in the field of security between the United States and those countries forming the regional bloc, known as the Cooperation Council of the Gulf States (Gulf Cooperation Council).
"I think that everything has already figured out that the United States guaranteed the" defensive shield "for the countries of the Council — says Theodore Karasik (Theodore Karasik), Director of Research and Development, based in the United Arab Emirates Institute of Military Intelligence in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf. — Eventually, safety is guaranteed. "
Sales of modern tools of Saudi Arabia means that the case with the United States tied for routine maintenance and training will last for more than 10 years, tying the two countries are interdependent in the case, says Anthony Cordesman (Anthony Cordesman) from the Center for Strategic and International research (Center for Strategic and International Studies) in Washington.
But Dr. Karasik recommends not to concentrate all attention on the Iranian factor. It states that the Gulf countries simply assess their needs in the area of public safety and developing plans to gratify these needs "over a range of threats."
"Before all the members of the Cooperation Council of the Gulf States are different municipal and non-dangerous — says Karasik. — These can range from municipal threats, like Iran, to non-state threats, such as, for example,-Houthi rebels (Houthi) (in northern Yemen) or Al-Qaeda or other terrorist organizations that may seem. This includes, for example, border control, implying the protection of air, land and sea areas around the country. "
For example, helicopters ordered by Saudi Arabia, will be useful in the fight against the Houthi rebels, who have clashed with Saudi forces on the border with Yemen. "What they are doing is reasonable enough — says he. — It is not compulsory misappropriation of funds. It's all very seriously thought through. "
Gulf countries as well have used such weapons in the past?
Saudi Arabia already uses the South American Patriot missiles and fighter jets F-15. It proved to be pretty high quality in the management of these weapons systems, says Dr. Cordesman. Although the Saudi kingdom had some problems with weapons, "the problem happen at all, including the United States," he says.
Karasik characterizes the performance of Saudi Arabia as a "very good", although he says that "the problem may arise with staff and sustainable development."
There has been a shift in purchases of arms?
Although nedavneshnie deal on arms with the Gulf states may seem a big event, the analysts they say that the global arms market is cyclical, and the various arms of the country begin to increase at a different time, as changes in their view the situation and the risk it.
Cordesman says that in the global arms procurement did not leave any big changes, although the Gulf states and begin to appear as the principal importers, since they do not have their own production. At the same time, European countries are reducing their armaments, distorting the market.
Karasik says that the acquisition of weapons nedavneshnie Gulf states are part of the long-term strategy. Even after the transaction to be approved, would take years to be trained and deployed acquired weapons systems. "It was not something that you have purchased and received immediately," — he says.