Back in April 1945, Goering suggested Montgomery (British Field Marshal) "expand all West front and throw with Russian countryside Reich. "There were other offers — in March and April were negotiated with Himmler, Reich's elite sought to prevent the complete victory of the USSR, and of the" allies "of the Union were not averse to" borrow "a victory. During these last was a covert struggle days of April 23, Goering told Hitler about wanting to take the supreme power, from the beginning, Hitler took this news flegmantichno: "I do not care. If the war is lost, the German people had to die. Let him do what he wants. "But then, urged on Borman, who did not want to cede power to rival, ordered the arrest of Goering, giving him a succinct response:" grafter, morphine and … general sales thing. "
April 30, Hitler committed suicide, his "heirs" had to be: Chancellor — Goebbels (though he also committed suicide), Minister for the party — Borman Reich President — Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz. Doenitz was his headquarters in the north, in Flensburg, he said: "Enough blood, enough valiant battles to keep people stupid enough to sacrifice." And he did not want to surrender to the of the Red Army, and wished subscribe contract with the Western powers. At the headquarters of planning to wage war even 10 days to bring as much of the Wehrmacht in the West. For a week the Germans were able to evacuate to the west up to 3 million soldiers and refugees.
May 4 B. Montgomery, violating an agreement between the Allies (only surrender could sign all the powers together), signed the document on a "purely military" surrender of German forces in northwest Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. The truce went into effect at 8:00 am on May 5.
Commander of the Allied forces on the Western Front Eisenhower torn the proposal of the German side of the partial surrender, demanding the signing of the surrender of all 3-majestic powers. On May 6, he invited himself to the head of our military mission in the headquarters of the U.S. Armed Forces General IA Susloparova. Eisenhower said the arrival of General Jodl with a proposal to surrender to the Anglo-American forces, then proposed to jointly storm reddish Army. Eisenhower said that, of course, rejected the offer and claimed the full surrender and what you need to sign it. While the Americans were assigned to 2.30 am on 7 May Susloparova asked to say Moscow and sign the document.
Response from Moscow was not, and decided Susloparov subscribe capitulation (in Moscow answered — not to sign). At 2.41 was signed by another surrender, it was signed by Germany — Yodel, from the west side — Gen. Beddel Smith, from the Russian Union — Gen.-Major Susloparov. Capitulation entered into force in 23.01 on May 8. This was a day of victory in Europe. However, Susloparov said that may be a better signing of the document, "if that declares any Federal Government."
Colonel General Alfred Jodl signed the act of capitulation in Reims.
Ivan Susloparov (last left) after the signing of the "Preliminary report on the surrender of Germany."
At that time, the U.S. and Britain "bombarded" the Kremlin demands to declare the world capitulation of the Third Reich, offering time, appointing new. Everyone wanted to put on a "winner's wreath" on its head. But Stalin showed metal exposure, he said that the capitulation in Reims not be accepted, but one can not tear away. Surrender — an important historical event, and it must be signed in Berlin, with the presence of the Supreme Command of the Allied countries. On our side, decided that it would sign Zhukov. In the evening on May 7, when in Paris, London, New York celebrated the victory in Moscow in Bolshennom theater, where they invited the heads of embassies (they thought that Moscow will announce the victory), there was a concert in honor of the 40th anniversary of the death of inventor A day or . Popov.
9 May at 00:16 CET and 02:16 in the metropolitan Berlin, on the outskirts of Wooden Storage signed final surrender Reich. The ceremony was opened by GK Zhukov, the German side Act signed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel and Colonel-General Stumpf (representative of the Luftwaffe), Admiral von Friedeburg (from the Navy), the surrender was Marshal Zhukov and Deputy Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces Tedder. In the Soviet Union found out about it at 10 pm Moscow time from the message Russian Information Bureau, the announcer was YB Levitan. The Soviet Union and the Western powers agreed that the capitulation in Reims was preparatory. At the current time, Western historiography links the surrender of the Third Reich with the signing of the document in Reims, and act in Berlin called "ratification".
Peace treaty with Germany was approved only January 25, 1955, when they signed the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
Lavrenov SY Popov IM collapse of the Third Reich. Moscow, 2000.
B. Memoirs of Field Marshal Montgomery. Moscow, 2006.
Shtemenko SM General Staff during the war. Moscow, 1989.