By the anniversary of heroic battle Brig Mercury with Turkish squadron at the entrance to the Bosphorus May 26, 1829

During the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-29 years. BSF detachment consisting of frigates and 2-brigs, was in the area of the Bosphorus. May 26, 1829 Russian warships clash came with the Turkish fleet, which included six battleships and two frigates. More high-speed frigate "Standart" and brig "Orpheus" was able to break away from persecution. But brig "Mercury", armed with eighteen guns, could not hide from his nastignuvshih battleships "Selimiye" (110 guns) and "Real-Bay" (74 guns).

By the anniversary of heroic battle Brig "Mercury" with Turkish squadron at the entrance to the Bosphorus May 26, 1829
Ivan Aivazovsky. Brig "Mercury" Attacked with 2 Turkish ships. 1892

Realizing that the unequal battle can not be avoided, Commander Kazarsky, commander of the brig, announced the collection officers. Lieutenant Corps naval navigators Prokofiev proposed a fight, and when a danger of capture by the Turks to undermine the brig ship, to avoid its capture by the enemy. Officers supported the decision unanimously, and the crew met a single solution commanders shout "hurray." The team prepared ship to fight, and at the appointed place was left a loaded gun, so at the last minute of the last surviving officers of the brig was able to undermine the rest of the ship ammunition. Alexander Kazarsky, which fights for the near Varna, in 1828, was awarded a golden sword, and possessed the reputation of the 1st of the bravest officers of the Black Sea fleet, the fleet command accounting report, wrote that all crew members unanimously decided to fight tooth and nail, and " if masts and spars or water in the hold will come to such an extent that it would be impossible to evacuate it, falling with any ship (in order to undermine his descent), one of the officers who are still alive, with a pistol shot ignite powder room . "

By the anniversary of heroic battle Brig "Mercury" with Turkish squadron at the entrance to the Bosphorus May 26, 1829
Nicholas Krasovskiy (1840-1906). Brig "Mercury" is fighting with 2 Turkish courts

Having become acquainted with the "Mercury" on the distance of the gun shot, the Turkish ships were firing a bow guns. The advantage of using the ten-fold in the artillery, the Turks intended to prinevolit small Russian brig to surrender. At about half past two in the "Mercury" was a heavy fire that, but managed to quickly put out. Taking advantage of maneuverability, "Mercury" deftly evaded the Turkish artillery volleys. With all this, Russian guns managed to conduct aimed return fire. Received significant damage Turkish Flagship ship was required to complete the fire and heave. By the evening of the "Mercury" and managed to fend off the second Turkish stalker.

By the anniversary of heroic battle Brig "Mercury" with Turkish squadron at the entrance to the Bosphorus May 26, 1829
Ivan Aivazovsky. Brig "Mercury" after beating with 2 Turkish ships met with the Russian squadron (1848)

The unequal battle "Mercury" lasted about four hours. Brave brig received more than three lesions, but remained afloat and without problems joined the squadron, heading to his aid. The loss of "Mercury" were comparable small 4 heroic crew members were killed and eight sailors were injured, and the commander of the brig was wounded. The enemy suffered heavy losses significantly. The harm Russian brig two Turkish battleships, was not commensurate with the damage caused to the brig superior enemy.

For the greatest military valor shown by the crew, the brig "Mercury" was supremely honored with great merit — "Mercury" has received a stern St George flag and pennant. High decree enjoined to continue to have in the Russian navy ship, the name of "Mercury".

Squadron Commander Admiral MP Lazarev organized structure commemorative monument with the inscription: "kASARSKIY. Posterity as an example. " The monument was erected in 1834 on the base of the Russian fleet in Sevastopol on the Boulevard michmansky the money raised by ordinary seamen.

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