In 1-x, the present draft campaign in one of the most troubled regions of the Russian was not carried out since 1991. And call twenty-year-old was held before the collapse of the Union of Russian. After the declaration of a de facto independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the beginning of many years of confrontation Russian separatists and the central government, which was also accompanied by countless vnutrichechenskimi confrontation on recruiting campaigns on a regular basis there could be no. For them it was necessary to carry on the establishment of the municipal areas of the country presence. This task, and our days are one hundred percent is not resolved, as it is often the work of peremptory institutions is replaced by personal and informal mechanisms of decision-making and coordination of interests. And now read in advance that the Appeal returned to Chechnya.
Thus, according to the national draft board, the number of men of military age in the jurisdiction area of about 80 thousand people. With all of this so far not solved the problem of military service for conscripts from Chechnya beyond. However, recognizing these facts, we can not build, and some of the dynamics. In September last year, Russian Deputy Chief of General Staff of Armed Forces Colonel General Vasily Smirnov said that the autumn conscription in Chechnya has to go, as in other regions of Russia. In reality, the entire campaign has been reduced to only two procedures — medical examination and the registration of potential recruits. In July of this year was made even modest step forward. In the future, the number of recruits planned to see at least two times in comparison with today's figure.
Nor can we ignore all previous samples to organize a call from Chechnya. Meanwhile, even those taken during the second anti-separatist campaign in 2000. Then, about 20 people were sent to serve in the military unit in the Moscow region. But this experience is not crowned with success because of the conflicts in the state soil. Second attempt to organize the call was made in 2002. Chechen conscripts were oriented in terms of the Voronezh and Saratov regions. The result was also disappointing. In another 5 years of trial recruitment from Chechnya provoked lively debate and even tougher hostility inside the country. Known bureaucrats and public figures (probably not without the approval of national authorities) have opposed military service conscripts in the inner regions of the Russian Federation. With all this in such units as battalions of the "north", "south", "East", "West" ethnic Chechens were under contract. In August 2008, the battalion "Vostok" participated in the "five-day war" with Georgia.
In-2, the July call today, in Chechnya, was soon after the occurrence of the media from the disk imaging "senior source". June 18, RIA "Announcements" in reference to an anonymous representative of the Ministry of Defense said that in today's recruits, the republics of the North Caucasus (including, of course, and Chechnya) would not be drafted into the armed forces. It was also reported that the call will avoid people from the North Caucasus living in other Russian regions. With all this the decision was motivated by the need to confront Tipo "friendly association", built on ethnic lines and hazing.
I must say that this kind of "authoritative representations" has repeatedly voiced in the media. And not far away is always on the criteria of anonymity. So, on April 15 last year at a press conference on the next call of springtime, the military commissar of the Chelyabinsk region Nikolai Zakharov made a sensational statement. According to the commissar, the ranks of the Russian army should not call people from the North Caucasian republics. With all of this in his own speech, a senior bureaucrat in uniform referred to the respective order of the General Staff, explaining that the decision to reduce the necessity of inter-ethnic tensions in the military. The presence of a "hidden directive", allegedly prepared Russian generals, widely open a discussion journalists. Then the representatives of the Ministry of Defense denied the very existence "of the North Caucasus directive".
And yet, at times by the military departments are the claims that can be interpreted as a certain "feeling out of the earth." Or, as confirmation that the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff has not yet worked out some common course of conduct in respect of recruits from the troubled republics. Probably thought the introduction of certain restrictions on call natives of the North Caucasus military discussions are in the top ranks. Add to this time there is debate about the introduction of mono-ethnic units.
Meanwhile, in March last year managing military prosecutor Sergei Fridinsky bluntly said that now in the barracks "impose their own rules of national gangs," noting with all this special role of the same Caucasians. According to the views of a Baltic Fleet Military Prosecutor Colonel Sergei Tsipushtanova, due to the suspension of military conscription from the North Caucasus, the number of incidents in the fleet has declined by almost a third part.
In truth, inter-ethnic incidents in the Russian military units with the role of natives of the North Caucasus republics, unfortunately, are no longer exotic. A lot of facts are not they say, and cry about it. In 2009, a bomb in the case of the Baltic Fleet to the role of the Dagestani conscripts. Through year massive clash with the role of immigrants from the Caucasus took place in a Moscow military unit. A similar incident happened in the Perm region, where 120 troops of the North Caucasian republics refused to obey an order. In the end, even had to turn to the local representatives of the Muslim clergy. So Makarov is not to say, that worldview different representatives of military structures appeared out of nowhere.
But after all army — It does not separate planetka. It's just a certain section of the country. And if she municipal policy in the North Caucasus is aimed not so much at its full integration into the all-Russian social and political processes, but rather on the borrowing loyalty of local elites, then why should we expect from recruits fundamentally different behavior? They just brush up on their own level, the type of relationship that we, as a shame it did not sound, often litsezreem nationwide. As Russian federal bureaucrat admits the situation in the republics of the Caucasus to "drift", making amendments to the "local circumstances", so an officer or sergeant enter the barracks. In the end, a power vacuum is filled hazing, where the right of force becomes law.
army faces the same choice as the Russian government. Either it is taken for work to integrate North recruits to restore order in the barracks, in other words, to carry out the same de-privatization of power. Either she is moving away from solving the acute problems, promoting "separatism in uniform." Let's not forget about the social value of such institution as the army. In the poly-ethnic state, it becomes important to integrate the various parts inventory society. We should not forget that for trudoizbytochnogo Caucasus with its highest unemployment army has always been social elevator. Remove it means not only deprive yourself of possible allies, and to get the growth of the extremist underground.
Note that the experience in solving similar problems in no way unique. After the murder of a famous Negro preacher and human rights activist Martin Luther King, black and white U.S. Army soldiers left their positions in Vietnam and came to the "showdown" between them. With all of this in April 1968, Washington DC city center after a series of race riots did not look better than the center of the Terrible in 1995. But large-scale municipal work to integrate the various parts of America in one political civilization and overcome segregation give up your own. In these days of "race question" remains a very complex social, but not topical political discrepancies.
One must also realize that overcoming the army "hazing" and ethnic tensions will help only if the municipal system as a whole will follow the path of recovery, strengthen law and order and elimination of the dictatorship of the unfortunate "5th Fri." Only in this case call the army to be finished "a premonition civilian war." And be filled with the content of the constitutional duty of all people of the country.