The problem of the Caucasus asks urgent, approaching the level of inter-ethnic conflict.
Emil Pain, which is a well-known scholar, has changed the concept of "multiculturalism" to "interculturalism." In his works, he draws on recent surveys of the inhabitants of. He argues that most of them are in favor of separation of the North Caucasus, with this thought does not interfere with ideological contradictions, becoming nationwide. And nationalists, left on Manezh Square in the past year, and the Imperials, scared Manezh Square, all support the idea of separation Caucasus. There is a need of a concept which will allow to bring peace in the affairs between different peoples.
Hot and clear concept of "multikultivizma" is to live together in one state and government of different religious communities with their distinctive cultures. This project has already been implemented in Europe. It was believed that the indigenous population would have to treat with respect the culture of the guests, but came poinomu. It migrants continue to live their customs, regardless of the adopted culture. Geographical place of residence — the only common thing a migrant and indigenous populations. But his concept of "interculturalism" Emil Pain and explain the true reason failed.
Every year in Europe are growing anti-immigrant sentiment. The European elite fought against politicians who proclaim an anti-migration policies — Le Pen in France and Halder in Austria. In general, even she had to admit that the concept of "mulkulturalizma" proved to be unsustainable. This was officially declared Nicolas Sarkozy, Angela Merkel and David Cameron, the leaders of France, Germany and England.
In Denmark and Norway seriously tougher anti-immigrant legislation and introduce border controls, despite the fact that these acts are contrary to the Schengen Agreement. Policy shall take all the measures in the hope of voters supporting antimigranstkie mood.
Emil Pain believes that the replacement did not meet expectations "mulkulturalizmu" to come "interculturalism." In other words, living together in the same locality of various government and religious groups with common interests, initially aimed at the welfare of the country in which they live. The beginning of "interculturalism" Russian scientist believes internationalism. In general, there are many circumstances that allow him to disagree. One of them — the attitude to religion. "Interculturalism" refers to the simultaneous presence of several religions and tolerant attitude towards each other. Russian internationalism is breaking open all religious views and traditions with atheism, grafting all plausible ways. Atheism can be said to become Russian religion. National differences were taken into account, but oppressed by the general communist ideology.
So Makarov could talk about the Russian internationalism only until such time as the power was in the hands of the Communist Party. With the collapse of the Communist Party all ethnic tensions escalated, and internationalism has shown to be ineffective as concept "Multiculturalism." Forcible imposition of a common identity across national differences based on kommunistichekoy ideology was flawed.
Apparently, even the 'Pain is aware of this. As examples of "interculturalism" he exposes youth cooperation Ossetians and Ingush in the countryside of North Ossetia, as well as the design of the regional organization "International Non-Violence", which consists in adapting to the large cities of the Russian Federation of migrants from the Caucasus. In fact, these cases it is difficult to call friendship. The territorial issue Ossetians and the Ingush and was not allowed to, but among the terrorists who seized several years earlier Ossetian school in Beslan were Ingush. At the time, barely managed to avoid a war between those 2 civilizations. Caucasians are also participating in the program adaptation of the "International Non-Violence" behave in makarom that many residents of the Russian Federation now favor separation of the North Caucasus.
After such arguments concept "Interculturalism" looks are not prepared and unrealizable. Emil Pain refers to the experience of the USSR, but can only cite the example of Stalinist propaganda films "Circus" and "Pig and the shepherd." It's clear that in those days were the most severe censorship of films and almost all did not reflect reality. For the film of farmers conducted prazdnichkom around bursting with food tables, and in the reality of the village at the time of Stalin golodovali.
Russian authorities waged an active struggle against the "Great Russian chauvinism", in other words against the Russian government sentiment. In Central Asia, there was a struggle with the robber bands, with the peoples of the region, Chechens and Crimean Tatars deported to Siberia, waged war with the Ukrainian nationalists. All of this seems a little much for the friendship of peoples. State question in Russia gasilsya propaganda and strict municipal control. All places has placed on its restructuring. At the first power of the RF separated all the Soviet republics, even those who was listed on deflotu friendly.
So Makarov, it appears that the idea of "interculturalism" in modern conditions is not feasible. The only way out — the construction of state of the country, combining its own residents on the basis of common rights and the standard civilian identity. All this has to be put in the younger generation, from school, institution, the army, these structures present read more Weber, the eminent German sociologist.
In the current RF everything grows stronger split between the main mass of people and people from the Caucasus. The school and the army continue to deteriorate. In such environment, the creation of civic identity is unreal. Specifically, here is the root of conflict with the North Caucasus, which already has its own armed forces, in fact the army, its political system and its own laws. The North Caucasus is a kind of "state within a state." Because the majority of Russians do not want to share their country with Caucasians.
Propaganda does not help at a time when the inhabitants behold the Russian Federation, the behavior in our towns inhabitants of the Caucasus, where the police can release a person who has committed a murder, if it is Caucasian. None of what tolerance we simply can not go when the theory is confirmed by the practice.
Only untold mental effort and great material capital will be able to keep the Caucasus as part of Russia. And this is not to blame for the Russians and Caucasians themselves. They make at such conditions that the inhabitants of other regions simply can not exist there, and in large towns RF actually with a knife in his teeth dictate its terms. Approaching severe ethnic conflict, and then close your eyes and assure that everything will be means to make a true sin.
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