Cavalry general Fedor Petrovich Uvarov

The emergence of firearms changed the very principles for the implementation of the cavalry in battle. Armor-clad riders do not have to be the undisputed power of the infantry also acquired an effective instrument to deal with the once invincible enemy. The best protection was the cavalry speed, she was a major tactical advantage. If the horse does not have time to get to manufacture the infantry, the last defeat was loud, if you do not have time, everything happened exactly the opposite. Personal role of the cavalry commanders for all that has grown immeasurably. They were to hold good eye, knowledge of logic and indescribable battlefield, sometimes desperate courage. All of these features in action, of course, shone Fedor Uvarov.

Born Fedor Petrovich in 1769 into a noble but impoverished noble family. From youth he was drafted for service, but the actual service began three years later than previously — in 18 years. His father, Peter Uvarov, who was on trial in the capital, and the family was ordered to lie on the estate. Only in 1788, having escaped to the Pope in St. Petersburg, and using the patronage of General Tutolmin, Fedor Uvarov was determined to serve the master of the Sofia Infantry Regiment. A little later he was sent to the Oryol province, where massed troops to be sent to war with Sweden. In general, wage war against the Swedes went Uvarov not receiving transfer in Smolensk Dragoon regiment in 1790. All upcoming service Litke held in cavalry units.

Cavalry general Fedor Petrovich Uvarov

In the years 1792-1794 Uvarov served under Alexander Suvorov in Poland and proved to be excellent in battles with insurgents in the columns and under World. Exceptional test of courage and fighting spirit was an uprising in Warsaw, where on the night of Easter rebels treacherously attacked the Russian garrison. Few were then able to get out of town. Uvarov with his squadron was among them. Within 36 hours, fighting off the rebels, it managed to get out of town and join the squadron with the body of Baron Igelstroma. For their courage and self-Uvarov was promoted to Major-prime, and in the spring of next year, he promoted to lieutenant colonel personally Suvorov.

After the suppression of the Polish uprising service Litke is not marked as either informative, official documents, but surviving contemporaries something about combat activities Uvarov said. First, in 1797 Fedor Petrovich was passing the village Radoschog Orel province. So it was that Uvarov was there during the peasant uprising and took over command of the squadron Akhtyrsky Hussars. The speech was well subdued, and the chief Regiment, Major-General FI Lindener, in a report to the emperor praised the actions of Uvarov. In the same year Fedor Petrovich was transferred to the Catherine Cuirassier Regiment, and the next year was promoted to colonel.

In 1798, Fedor Petrovich moved to Moscow, where he started his career took off fast. In the ancient capital prominent cavalry officer like his wife Senator PV Lopuchin Serene Princess Ekaterina Nikolaevna. She, on the characteristics of his contemporaries, differed very windy temper and sometimes wasted on lovers fabulous sums. Using the position of the spouse, Lopuchin strongly patronized Uvarov, and at one point it almost ended in disaster. Ekaterina tried to procure the Order of St.. Anna grade 1 through step-daughter, who at the time was the winner of the Emperor Paul I. But the monarch to this merit treated with a special delicacy and selected the candidates are very picky.

Uvarov, on the views of Paul, did not deserve the credit. Not receiving want Lopuchin had a fight with his stepdaughter and tried to embroil her with the king. And after a pointed poisoned — took arsenic and began loudly calling for help … In the end, the Order of St.. Anna Uvarov was all the same.

In 1798, right after crossing the four Lopukhins followed by its translation in St. Petersburg in the first Cuirassier Regiment, and later in the Horse Guards. In autumn 1799 Uvarov was promoted to major general and became Adjutant General. By late summer 1799, Fedor Petrovich had command of the Cavalry Corps, which was later converted into a military regiment treheskadronny Uvarov, remained at the post chief Regiment. Ruler on auditions has repeatedly expressed its shelf favor and only one point displeasure with his training. Uvarov in throughout the reign was a confidant of the governor.

And while he was in the komplote against Paul, an active role in the murder, which, by the way, was not planned, it did not take. On that fateful evening Uvarov with other officers personally guarded the heir and, unlike many other conspirators remained under Emperor Alexander I.

Soon Uvarov justified the confidence of the young ruler, court intrigues and love affairs are not dulled fighting properties officer. In 1805 at Austerlitz Fedor Petrovich commanded the cavalry of the right wing, which was run by Bagration. When it adopted the infamous traffic, Marshal Joachim Murat forces struck an entire cavalry division and an 8 regiments of horsemen, a section of the right wing and the center of Russian troops. Uvarov could 3 shelves to prevent the catastrophe that threatened the columns Bagration. Having lost all the cavalry, Fedor Petrovich helped many hundreds of Russian fighter. Russian monarch praised the actions Uvarov, awarding him the Order of St.. ZHoru third degree and the Order of St.. Alexander Nevsky.

In the campaign of 1807, Fedor Petrovich entered into submission Bennigsen and distinguished himself in several battles. May 26 in the village of Volfsdorf he successfully stormed the enemy, not allowing the French to gain a foothold, then at Heilsberg Uvarov did not allow bypassing Russian troops, and at Friedland Litke cavalry covered the right flank, and then fought in the rear, covering the retreat detachments Eugene of Württemberg.

Later Theodore Uvarov all the time was in the retinue of the ruler, being present at the signing of peace at Tilsit and at the meeting of Alexander and Napoleon in Erfurt. And in 1809, the monarch was accompanied on his travels.

But forever in the court Uvarov was not late. In 1810 he went to the southern theater of war, where he fought against the Turks. There he participated in the battle of Silistra, in an unsuccessful siege of Shumla and unsuccessful assault Ruschuka, where he received a concussion in the shoulder, commanding one of the columns. Fedor Petrovich later proved himself in the capture of Nikopol and in the battle of batting, which was awarded the Order of St.. ZHoru 2nd degree.

1812 year Fedor Petrovich met the commander of the 1st Cavalry Corps. During the retreat of the Russian army corps distinguished himself in battles with Vilkomire, island and Smolensk, and in numerous rearguard battles.

In the battle of Borodino body Uvarov (6 regiments of cavalry and artillery company) together with Platov's Cossacks under the command made a raid through the right flank to the rear French. By the time Kutuzov gave the order to raid down the left wing current difficult situation: the Russian troops were the exhaustion of endless attacks of the French infantry and cavalry, and Bonaparte was preparing oblique finishing blow that had to roll up the carpet as the defense of the Russian army. Young Guard was preparing to speak, but Napoleon suspended confusion on his right flank, caused by the emergence of Platov's Cossacks and the constant cavalry Uvarov. This attack is credited with saving the R
ussian army a two-hour delay in the actions of the French, who gave her the opportunity to reorganize the shelves frustrated and exhausted strengthen the left flank.

Cavalry general Fedor Petrovich Uvarov
Attack of the 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps Gen. F. Uvarov of Borodino

Despite this, Kutuzov was unhappy with the actions of the troopers, and they are almost the only generals Borodino left without medals. In the upcoming Fedor Petrovich took an active role in the fighting during the retreat to Moscow. In the village of Crimean his troops defeated and forced to withdraw the French cavalry. Later he participated in the battle of Tarutine when he was crushed by the avant-garde of Murat, then in the battle of Viaz'ma and in the pursuit of the enemy near the village of reddish.

Foreign march of the Russian army to Uvarov was marked by many struggles: under Bautzen, has the usual rearguard action, and then the fierce battle at Drezdne and Kulm. Fedor P. distinguished himself in the battle of Leipzig, for what is built in the rank of the cavalry.

With the end of the Napoleonic soldier Uvarov became one of the trustees of the emperor, and was with him all the time, performing duties Gen.-aide. In 1821, Uvarov was appointed commander of the Guards Corps, and through year became a member of the Municipal Council.

In 1824 Fedor Petrovich was sick, but continued to do business. November 20 it in the presence of the ruler and the stately princes died. Uvarov forever remain in the history of good cavalry commander.

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