Said from the very beginning — approval of a mass transition temper Cossacks on the side of the German army in World War II — heresy! In reality, to the enemy only run across a few chieftains, and on the side of the Red Army fought the Cossack cavalry divisions, 40 Cossack cavalry regiments, 5 tank regiments, 8 mortars and divisions, 2 anti-aircraft regiment and a number of other units, it is staffed by the Cossacks of all troops. The funds of the Cossacks was built several armored columns — "Cooperator Don ','Don Cossack"And" Don Osoaviahimovets. "
It is said that the fate of the Cossacks after the revolutions of 1917 and the subsequent fratricidal turmoil simply could not develop easily and exactly. Syzveka Cossacks were on the front edge of at least some of the armed struggle, and their love of freedom and dedication to his standards, of course, went counter to the policies of Russian Cossacks which country and other reprisals against the country's century-old Russian opera — the Cossacks. Cossacks which theomachism hurt and knocked on these freedom-loving people, some of whom chose to continue the betrayal of his own brain matter — defend the Fatherland from the outside enemy. The absolute majority of the Cossacks, despite all the wrongs that have caused them to Russian authorities, who firmly faithful to his own oath and simply defended Russia, its people and the Holy Faith of Christ. Shame been forgotten traitors — endless, and it is no excuse, and the glory of the true and the truth swearing favorites will live forever!
The Cossacks came to grips with the enemy in the first hours of the war. The first Cossacks came into the fight with the German units on the Western Front were Cossacks Beloglinskiy 94th Regiment. The soldiers of the unit fought with the enemy, advancing in the direction of Lomza, in the hours around the general confusion reigned — is of early afternoon June 22, 1941.
June 24, 1941 in Veshenskaia held off a huge detachment of Cossacks. With a parting word to the Cossacks turned writer Sholokhov Misha: "We are confident that you will continue the glorious military traditions and will thrash the enemy, as your forefathers thrashed Napoleon, as your fathers were German Kaiser's troops."
In villages intensively formed volunteer weave. The Cossacks came to the assembly points with their families outfit. For instance, Cossack PS Kurkin led the militia detachment of the Don of forty people.
Together with the cavalry of the Kuban and thirds were formed bellies Cossack Division.
In the summer of 1941 in the Rostov region began forming a Don Cossack Cavalry Division under the command of N. Mihailova Berezovsky. Militia was formed Azov Don Cossack Cavalry Regiment (later the 257th Don Cossack cavalry Regiment). In another part of the 116th Don Cavalry Division, the commander of which was hereditary Don Cossack, a veteran of the First Cavalry Army Colonel Peter Y. Strepuhov, entered the 258th and 259th Don Cossack cavalry regiments.
By the beginning of 1941 illumine of Chkalov Oblast Orenburg Cossacks were formed 89th (later renamed the 11th Cavalry Division of the F. Morozov) and 91th Cossack Cavalry Division. By the beginning of the winter of 1941 was formed a special 15th Don Cossack Cavalry division.
Particularly memorable heroism Cossacks in the Battle of Moscow. Squadron of the 37th Regiment of the Caucasian group LM Dovatora led by Lieutenant Vladimir Krasil'nikov led a desperate battle with the advancing infantry and tanks Nazis. For two hours the brave Cossacks fought off three angry enemy attacks killed 5 tanks and 100 infantrymen fascist. In that fight, only seven survived the Cossacks.
First, in 1942 the Cossack voluntary division were enrolled in the cadre of Russian armed forces and put on a full gosobespechenii. In March 1942, as a result of combining 2-Don and Kuban 2-divisions was formed 17th Cossack cavalry Corps, under the command of an experienced commander, a veteran of the First World War and civilians, Major-General Nikolai I. Kirichenko. August 2, 1942 by the men of the village Kushchevskaya Cossack units, which was part of the 12th Terek-Kuban, Kuban 13th and 116th Don Cossack divisions halted the German coming to Krasnodar from Rostov. Cossacks killed about 1,800 Nazis took 300 prisoners and seized 18 guns and 25 mortars.
In 1943, the formation of the mechanized cavalry group. Group had pretty mobility, as for the transition and was once used as a horse, and during the fight, not to be an easy target for small arms and artillery enemy horsemen dismounted and acted as an ordinary infantry. Cossacks classic skillfully used their ability to change the criteria of combat.
Played a huge role in the liberation of the Cossack units in Europe and in the decisive Berlin operation — not the first time the Cossacks were releasing Europe.
With the transition to a strategic initiative of the Red Army and the beginning
of her coming to the West part of the Cossacks continued to increase. As part of the 1st Belorussian Front drove the enemy to the West Cossacks 7th Guards Cavalry Corps Lieutenant General Konstantinov and 3rd Guards Cavalry Corps, Lieutenant General Oslikovskogo. After passing a fighting 250 km, beating the well-known fascist division "Hermann Goering" and three other Nazi divisions and capturing more than 14,000 soldiers and officers of the enemy, Cossack 3rd Guards Cossack Corps took over the German city of Wittenberg and Lenzen area, the first out of the Elbe river, where Russian troops for the first time established a direct link with the forces of the Anglo-American allies. Not the case in the famous song of Caesar Solodar "Cossacks in Berlin", written in May 1945, heard these words: "… the first time we drink stallions Cossack from another river!"
7th Guards Cavalry Corps was tasked to take over the area Sandhausen, Oranienburg and that Russian troops prepare strike on Berlin from the north. By April 22, posed in front of the body combat task was completed, and on the occupied territories of the concentration camps were liberated about 35,000 prisoners.
For the feat and heroism in combat with the enemy thousand Cossacks were awarded with orders and medals, and 262 Cossacks became Heroes of the Russian Union.
Hunt to believe that the memory of the contribution of the Cossacks in the victory over fascism will be carefully stored descendants, and falsifications of history, denigrated the image of the Russian Cossack and speaking against the fluctuation of the Cossacks a crucial role in protecting the homeland, there is no place in our information space.
Prepared according to the website: