Earthquakes in the number of victims ahead of all other natural disasters, such as floods and hurricanes, U.S. researchers have calculated.
According to statistics, every year in the world is more than a million earthquakes of varying severity, which is about two earthquakes per minute. Many of the large and densely populated cities in the world, including Los Angeles, New York, Mexico City, Tokyo, Delhi, Mumbai, Istanbul and Shanghai are in earthquake zones. One of the most deadly earthquakes in recent years, has become earthquake measuring 7 points occurred in Haiti. It caused the death of 316,000 people and an epidemic of intestinal infection.
The earthquake is not only the largest number of deaths, but also the greatest number of injuries to people (for each of the deceased three are injured), reports BBC. Only in the last 10 years, earthquakes have killed more than 780,000 people, accounting for almost 60% of deaths from all natural disasters that have occurred in that time, according to a study by researchers from the Medical Center Beth Israel Deaconess and Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. In contrast, floods and storms, during which people basically drown earthquake victims receive multiple injuries, the most common is the damage to the exterior of tissues and organs. They can lead to electrolyte imbalance, renal failure, sepsis and death. Also uncommon cuts and fractures, resulting in a threat of gangrene. Common chest injuries, head injuries and spinal cord injuries. As well as infrastructure in places earthquake destroyed most often, physicians may be difficult to provide timely assistance to the victims. Due to loss of water supply and sewerage systems are beginning to spread rapidly infectious diseases. In the long term, earthquakes also have a heavy impact on mental health. Up to 72% of survivors of tremors may subsequently have mental disorders such as depression. Plus, earthquake provoked a record number of suicides. At particular risk are children in the earthquake. They are at serious risk of injury and death than adults, frequently accounting for 25 to 53% of victims.