Not many could have imagined in 1782, which rich in war and life awaits action born in non-poor landlord family of Ivan Paskevich. Father, Fyodor, had five hundred square meters of farmers. In addition, the grandfather Ivan rose to prominence at the court of the Empress. As a result, receiving education at home, at the age of 11 years, Paskevich was designated page corps and in 1800 became a page of the Life of Paul I, and shortly before the death of the ruler was his adjutant, received the rank of lieutenant Preobrazhensky Regiment. Because of the death of Paul Paskevich not remember this loved the time spent at the court.
First its purpose in the army Ivan received in 1805. He went into the army adjutant Michelson, who at the time was between Grodno and Brest-Litovsk and active role in the fighting against Napoleon did not take. Austerlitz battle, which ended with the defeat of the Third Coalition forces, graduated from confrontation and not allowing Paskevich to take part in the fighting.
Yet, the long-expected new battles to Ivan did not have to. On the eve of war with the Ottoman Empire 1806 Michelson appointed commander of the Moldavian army. In the same year, the first time Paskevich show a brilliant officer and win the first merit. In March, under Zhurzhy through his efforts a few columns of Russian troops get lost in the dark will come to these positions, and will receive the Order of St. Paskevich. Vladimir, 4th degree. Later, Ivan was in the unit, Block Ishmael. During the war with Turkey Paskevich twice drove authorized to Constantinople, and distinguished himself not yet in a single battle.
In 1810, he was called back to Kiev, where he assumed command of the 26th Infantry Division. The campaign against Turkey brought Paskevich the rank of Major General. In addition, he earned four medals, except the said communication. Vladimir, including the Order of St.. ZHoru 3rd and 4th degree, also a gold sword with the inscription "For Bravery". At the time, went to Ivan the 28th year.
Beginning of the war Russian 26th Division met in the case of General Raevskogo who came to the 2nd army of Bagration. Its share dropped heavy retreat, with the beginning of the war, Napoleon put to Marshal Davoust puzzle cut Bagration from the 1st Army Barclay de Tolly. To perform tasks "Iron Marshal" was isolated body of 50 thousand people. Comparable strength of Jerome Bonaparte, pursued Bagration from the west. To connect to the 1st Army Barclay, Bagration had to cross the Dnieper. In the hardest battle of Saltanovka body Raevskogo Davoust were detained and even persuade the French marshal that the 2nd Army is ready to fight. 26th Division under General Paskevich covered itself in this battle of unfading glory.
Raevskogo defend the body fell to the junction of Smolensk Russian armies. General Paskevich of the lot for the defense, which at first the same day came a powerful blow to the French. Paskevich Division defended the central strengthening of Smolensk — King's Bastion. Its an elite infantry attacked Ney, but of success not have gained. With the approach of Russian armies, Raevskogo replaced Infantry Corps General DS Dokhturov.
After Smolensk 26th Division intensively involved in rearguard battles, holding the French at Kolotsky Monastery on August 23. In the battle of Borodino Division Paskevich defended Kurgan heights to 11 am, when the French were the price of the tremendous losses could take a short height. Housing Raevskogo was almost completely destroyed. In the central position he was replaced as near Smolensk, housing General Dokhturov. For Borodino Paskevich received the Order of St.. Anne 1st degree.
With the abandonment of Moscow Ivan teaches intensive recruiting, arrived at his division. Forethought Paskevich was absolutely justified. October 12 his division engages in battle for Maloiaroslavets. The bridge across the river was a strategic Fri puddle and has permitted the capture of Napoleon's army would withdraw to the south, in the province nerazorennye war. Thanks to such commanders as Paskevich, the French were obliged to fall back on already looted the Smolensk road.
The three-day battle at the village of reddish, troops under the command of Ivan finished off the remains of the body of Ney, the last he almost captured. After Reddish Paskevich was replaced by Nikolai Nikolaevich Raevskogo sick as commander of the 7th Infantry Corps, and in this post came with a group of Miloradovicha in the Duchy of Warsaw. Thus began the trek Foreign Russian army has become famous for the general.
Paskevich soon squad has been sent to block the fortress Moline. Active storm it was not likely due to the lack of siege artillery, but this problem was solved by the Prussian reinforcements coming up. But the truce with France, delayed the capture of the fortress. During the truce was formed Polish army under the command of Bennigsen, which later became a detachment of Paskevich.
Later, the division changed its troops Ivan M. Vorontsov blocked the Hamburg, then gets Paskevich mission to the 2nd Grenadier Division, commanding that will accept a role in the Battle of Nations at Leipzig, battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, and then the capture of Paris, his troops stormed the heights and Belvilskie Mesnil-Montyan. During the storming of Paris, Ivan received the Order of St.. Alexander Nevsky and recommended future emperor, then a majestic prince Nikolai Pavlovich.
With the end of Napoleon Bonaparte's abdication Paskevich soldier leaves at Riga. Ivan takes a vacation and sails away to a family in Little Russia. After returning from vacation, Paskevich find out about the return of Napoleon from "honorable" link on the Elbe and in accordance with the guidelines put forward to Paris. The news of the defeat of the French at Waterloo ruler finds Paskevich not far from Frankfurt-am-Main. After the final defeat of Napoleon, Ivan vorachivaetsya in Russia, using the full confidence of the governor.
In 1816, Paskevich is assigned to investigate the case of non-payment of dues by peasants in the Lipetsk district. According to the results revealed that the tribute was cheating with local officials. With farmers charges were dropped, and the officials of the Smolensk region was removed from office. Through year Ivan was asked to accompany a two-year tour of Europe and the Russian Empire majestic Prince Misha Pavlovich.
From 1819 to 1826 Paskevich year he lived with his family in Vilna, commanding the troops stationed at the western border of Russia. Here he remained until the Decembrist uprising. In 1826, Paskevich was summoned to St. Petersburg and was appointed a member of the Supreme Court of the conspirators. When proceedings voted for the most severe punishment for the rebels. From now on, Paskevich has the full confidence reigning ruler.
In 1826, Nicholas I sent Ivan to the Caucasus to "promote the general Ermolova", which is not trusted because of the sympathy of the l
ast things to exiles. Paskevich formally subordinate Ermolova, but was unable to move it if necessary. It is extremely aggravated case between the teams. The unspoken rivalry lasted until 1827, when Ermoloff resigned.
Separate Caucasian Corps has already won several victories over the Persians in the war, which began in 1826, Paskevich this war brought to a devastating end to Persia. Forcing Tehran to pay a huge indemnity and give Russian Empire Nakhchivan and Erivan khanate. But in the civilian administration in the Caucasus Paskevich not succeed. If Ermolova the Caucasus is not adored, the Paskevich frankly could not stand on calming the Highlanders this, of course, is not favorably affected.
But in matters of military Ivan has always excelled. In the war with Turkey 1828-29, he managed to get through to the fortress of Erzurum — an important strategic base of the Ottoman Empire in Asia Minor. Through the efforts of Paskevich army Sultan of Turkey in the region was one hundred per cent cut off and thrown in the course of the campaign, these actions have had a tremendous impact. For the capture of Erzurum Ivan received the Order of St.. ZHoru 1st degree, becoming the 4th and last in the history of the Russian Federation full knight of Merit.
After the victory over the Turks Paskevich two years doing duty viceroy in the Caucasus. In 1831 he was transferred to the commander of the troops in Poland. Almost 4 months to Ivan managed to defeat the rebels. Warsaw has been taken on the anniversary of the Borodino battle, and Nikolai Paskevich with a report sent grandson Suvorov. It is doubly symbolic gesture. For this victory, Paskevich was awarded the title of Grand Duke of Warsaw. It began 25 years of routine Polish governorship.
In 1848, Paskevich again takes command to suppress the uprising. Now help was needed Austrian crown. Ruler Franz Joseph was rescued by force of Russian guns. That was the help of Nicholas I rodstvennichkam august. Franz Joseph, as is customary in similar ways, complicated politics, repaid with ingratitude: supporting the enemies of in the outbreak of the Crimean War. Apparently, only the Russian tsars identify their interests with the interests of the family empire.
In this war, Paskevich also assumed command of the troops and won a series of victories, but in one of the skirmishes quite so young marshal was languid contusion core and had to withdraw from the command. In 1856, he died in Warsaw, aged 73 years. The troops of the Kingdom of Poland was declared a nine-day mourning period for Serene Highness Prince Ivan Fedorovich Warsaw Count Paskevich-Erivanskiy.
Frequently, the professional military leaders were compelled to obey orders, fully lozhut historical responsibility for these or other matters, or zapamyatyvaya, or deliberately ignoring the fact that the military commander — the blade is in the hands of the state or the emperor, and the first responsibility falls on them make the right decisions.