Everything that is happening — this is a typical revenge GOP President Obama. Before the next presidential election almost expect another two years to get rid of because of the Obama Republicans can not. But in November 2010, the U.S. passed the perineum elections, and since the beginning of 2011 in almost all the states of change of control. In the main, from the democratic to republican. It's time to rescue the country from socialism, at least at the local level, and at the same time deprive the Democrats of one of the main support groups.
The authorities immediately 18 of the 50 U.S. states (almost all governorship and the parliament — controlled by Republicans) have announced that they are going to cut union rights public sector, to overcome the budget deficit and reduce the debt of the states. In every state in this measure has its issues, but the essence is everywhere: to deprive the public sector unions ability to enter into collective bargaining with the employer, in other words with the state government.
Residents of continental Europe and even more so of the Russian Federation such a measure seemed to be a real dirty act and madness. After all, though what levomyslyaschemu person knows that the restrictions on collective bargaining public sector means one thing: the financial situation of doctors, teachers and other civil servants will get worse. No budget deficit and municipal debts are not worth. Cut the budget you would like, but the salaries of teachers and doctors can not touch it.
A similar view is shared by many residents of the United States. Among them, President Obama himself, which condemned the massive initiative states and referred to her "an attack on unions." In particular, the protests turned violent in Wisconsin. In the state of five million on the streets of the state capital, Madison reached about 100 000 people. At the same time came a couple of times, not to mention the constant smaller rallies. In a few weeks the protesters occupied the parliament building state by not allowing MPs to vote for the criminal amendment. By Michael Moore came to the provincial Madison, that there is a rally to curse the capitalists. On its own solidarity with South American protesters said, accordingly, the famous Polish trade union "Solidarity."
To save from Wisconsin anti-union amendment, opposition MPs Democrats fled to adjacent Illinois, depriving the Republican majority of the required quorum. But the crafty Republicans thrown out of the bill, all the provisions of spending budget funds (which require a quorum), leaving only the anti-union restrictions, and took it by a simple majority vote. So makarom public sector unions of Wisconsin (excluding police and fire) have lost the ability to bargain collectively on any characteristics, apart from wages, the largest increase which Republicans have limited the rate of inflation.
At the moment, the confrontation in Wisconsin has moved from the streets to the courts and parliament. March 29 tribunal temporarily stopped the entry into force of the new law because of procedural irregularities. But to return all back is unlikely to succeed. In Wisconsin, the Republicans are kept under the control of the parliament and the post of the governor, and they want to push firmly anti-union restrictions, because we are convinced — this adds to their popularity among American voters.
And it really adds. Americans — not the Europeans. Thousands come to trade-union meeting, but millions count how many they have to pay taxes on the content of these public sector and their unions. Judging by the polls, most of the Yankees believe that the government should solve economical prepyadstviya not with new taxes and borrowing, and reduce costs, reduce civil servants and even curtail the rights of trade unions. And if they did not think so, then republican Scott Walker is unlikely to have received most of the votes in the gubernatorial election in Wisconsin in 2010 Since his own campaign directly Walker stated that the state is going to cut spending, including by reducing the salaries of state employees.
Americans understand that the huge budget spending on education and medicine does not guarantee the highest properties of these services. But equalizing the conditions of collective agreements — is a reliable method to reduce the effectiveness of government spending. To substantiate this, Wisconsin Republicans have made their banner young teacher Megan Sampson. In 2010, she won the title of "Best young teacher State", and later came under the cut. School of Management, where she worked as Megan, nothing could assist their own valuable employee. Terms of the collective union contract achieves that reduction came at the expense of the youngest workers.
Well, the very concept of public sector unions do not really fit in with the concept of efficiency. It is one thing — a private company, where workers, of course, want to wage a little more, but at the same time, fear of bankruptcy own employer. And it is quite another — state employees, from any such limitation. Not enough of politics, by contrast, are interested in, to once again raise their wages — this is the best way to get more votes in the next elections. And the last remaining taxpayers who have no representation in the transaction between the politicians and state employees, although the fund and those and others.
Several states, such as Texas and North Carolina, prohibit the collective agreements with trade unions public sector back in the 90s. And nothing terrible, no failure in sotsuslug it did not happen. At this point, it added a dozen states where Republicans will push new limits despite the resistance of Democrats, for which trade unionists — the most reliable voters. And so evenly, trade unions public sector, which at the moment is about 36% of employment in this sector will be lost from the U.S. economy. Exactly like the last 50 years in the U.S. almost extinct private sector unions (membership in them in 1960-2010. Fallen from 32% to 7%). In a developed economy, the employer is interested in a specific, unique employee not less than the employee in the employer, and both of them have no desire to have any more lazy from the union.